Psalms 92
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1  A psalm. A song; for the Shabbat day.

א  מִזְמוֹר שִׁיר לְיוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת׃

2  It is good to praise Hashem, to sing hymns to Your name, O Most High,

ב  טוֹב לְהֹדוֹת לַיהֹוָה וּלְזַמֵּר לְשִׁמְךָ עֶלְיוֹן׃

3  To proclaim Your steadfast love at daybreak, Your faithfulness each night

ג  לְהַגִּיד בַּבֹּקֶר חַסְדֶּךָ וֶאֱמוּנָתְךָ בַּלֵּילוֹת׃

4  With a ten-stringed harp, with voice and lyre together.

ד  עֲ‍לֵי־עָשׂוֹר וַעֲלֵי־נָבֶל עֲלֵי הִגָּיוֹן בְּכִנּוֹר׃

5  You have gladdened me by Your deeds, Hashem; I shout for joy at Your handiwork.

ה  כִּי שִׂמַּחְתַּנִי יְהֹוָה בְּפָעֳלֶךָ בְּמַעֲשֵׂי יָדֶיךָ אֲרַנֵּן׃

6  How great are Your works, Hashem, how very subtle Your designs!

ו  מַה־גָּדְלוּ מַעֲשֶׂיךָ יְהֹוָה מְאֹד עָמְקוּ מַחְשְׁבֹתֶיךָ׃

7  A brutish man cannot know, a fool cannot understand this:

ז  אִישׁ־בַּעַר לֹא יֵדָע וּכְסִיל לֹא־יָבִין אֶת־זֹאת׃

8  though the wicked sprout like grass, though all evildoers blossom, it is only that they may be destroyed forever.

ח  בִּפְרֹחַ רְשָׁעִים כְּמוֹ עֵשֶׂב וַיָּצִיצוּ כָּל־פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן לְהִשָּׁמְדָם עֲדֵי־עַד׃

9  But You are exalted, Hashem, for all time.

ט  וְאַתָּה מָרוֹם לְעֹלָם יְהֹוָה׃

10  Surely, Your enemies, Hashem, surely, Your enemies perish; all evildoers are scattered.

י  כִּי הִנֵּה אֹיְבֶיךָ יְהֹוָה כִּי־הִנֵּה אֹיְבֶיךָ יֹאבֵדוּ יִתְפָּרְדוּ כָּל־פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן׃

11  You raise my horn high like that of a wild ox; I am soaked in freshening oil.

יא  וַתָּרֶם כִּרְאֵים קַרְנִי בַּלֹּתִי בְּשֶׁמֶן רַעֲנָן׃

12  I shall see the defeat of my watchful foes, hear of the downfall of the wicked who beset me.

יב  וַתַּבֵּט עֵינִי בְּשׁוּרָי בַּקָּמִים עָלַי מְרֵעִים תִּשְׁמַעְנָה אָזְנָי׃

13  The righteous bloom like a date-palm; they thrive like a cedar in Lebanon;

tza-DEEK ka-ta-MAR yif-RAKH k’-E-rez ba-l’-va-NON yis-GEH

יג  צַדִּיק כַּתָּמָר יִפְרָח כְּאֶרֶז בַּלְּבָנוֹן יִשְׂגֶּה׃

 92:13   The righteous bloom like a date-palm

In this verse, King David compares a righteous person to a ‘date palm’ tree, known in Hebrew as tamar (תמר). Just as the date palm produces numerous fruits, the deeds of a righteous person bear fruit. In addition, he enjoys a fruitful reward for his actions in both this world and the next. Honey from the fruit of the date palm is one of the seven species that the Torah lists as the special agricultural products of the Land of Israel (Deuteronomy 8:8). The date palm also has the added distinction of being one of the four species taken on the holiday of Sukkot. Furthermore, since date palms stand tall and straight with fronds of leaves that wave in the wind, the majestic tree was depicted on coins minted by the Maccabees, and has always been considered a symbol of victory and strength.

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14  planted in the house of Hashem, they flourish in the courts of our God.

יד  שְׁתוּלִים בְּבֵית יְהֹוָה בְּחַצְרוֹת אֱלֹהֵינוּ יַפְרִיחוּ׃

15  In old age they still produce fruit; they are full of sap and freshness,

טו  עוֹד יְנוּבוּן בְּשֵׂיבָה דְּשֵׁנִים וְרַעֲנַנִּים יִהְיוּ׃

16  attesting that Hashem is upright, my rock, in whom there is no wrong.

טז  לְהַגִּיד כִּי־יָשָׁר יְהֹוָה צוּרִי וְלֹא־עלתה [עַוְלָתָה] בּוֹ׃

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Psalms 91
Psalms 93

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  • Verses 13-16: The righteous bloom like a date-palm; they thrive like a cedar in Lebanon; planted in the house of HaShem, they flourish in the courts of our God. In old age they still produce fruit; they are full of sap and freshness, attesting that HaShem is upright, my rock, in whom there is no wrong.

    Compare the above verses with these, Psalms 71:9, 18: “Do not cast me off in old age; when my strength fails, do not forsake me!…and even in hoary old age do not forsake me, HaShem, until I proclaim Your strength to the next generation, Your mighty acts, to all who are to come…”

    Why do they flourish (verse 14)? Because they’re “planted in the house of HaShem”; and since there is currently no Hamikdash, His Torah and Tanakh bear rule.
    But there’s a reason for this flourishing: to “proclaim Your strength to the next generation” and to recount His mighty acts to all who are yet to come.
    We can’t know His “strength” or His “mighty acts” apart from the Torah and the Tanakh. Knowing ABOUT His “strength”—reading commentaries or other books—is not the same as KNOWING His “strength”. Nothing matches His matchless Word!

Psalms 92

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