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Chapter 110

Translation and Transliteration of 

1Of David. A psalm. Hashem said to my lord, “Sit at My right hand while I make your enemies your footstool.”

l'-da-VID, miz-MOR, n'-UM a-do-NAI, la-a-do-NEE, SHEV li-MEE-NEE, ad a-SHEET oy-VE-kha, ha-DOM l'-rag-LE-kha.

אלְדָוִ֗ד מִ֫זְמ֥וֹר נְאֻ֤ם יְהֹוָ֨ה ׀ לַֽאדֹנִ֗י שֵׁ֥ב לִֽימִינִ֑י עַד־אָשִׁ֥ית אֹ֝יְבֶ֗יךָ הֲדֹ֣ם לְרַגְלֶֽיךָ׃

2Hashem will stretch forth from Tzion your mighty scepter; hold sway over your enemies!

ma-TEH u-ZE-kha yish-LAKH a-do-NAI mi-TZI-yon re-DEH b'-KE-rev oy-VE-kha

במַטֵּֽה־עֻזְּךָ֗ יִשְׁלַ֣ח יְ֭הֹוָה מִצִּיּ֑וֹן רְ֝דֵ֗ה בְּקֶ֣רֶב אֹיְבֶֽיךָ׃

3Your people come forward willingly on your day of battle. In majestic holiness, from the womb, from the dawn, yours was the dew of youth.

a-m'-KHA n'-da-VOT b'-YOM khe-LE-kha b'-had-rei-KO-desh me-RE-khem mish-KHAR l'-KHA tal yal-du-TEI-kha

געַמְּךָ֣ נְדָבֹת֮ בְּי֢וֹם חֵ֫ילֶ֥ךָ בְּֽהַדְרֵי־קֹ֭דֶשׁ מֵרֶ֣חֶם מִשְׁחָ֑ר לְ֝ךָ֗ טַ֣ל יַלְדֻתֶֽיךָ׃

4Hashem has sworn and will not relent, “You are a Kohen forever, after the manner of Melchizedek.”

nish-BA a-do-NAI v'-LO yi-na-KHAYM a-TAH kho-HAYN l'-o-LAM al div-ra-TEE mal-kee TZE-dek

דנִשְׁבַּ֤ע יְהֹוָ֨ה ׀ וְלֹ֥א יִנָּחֵ֗ם אַתָּֽה־כֹהֵ֥ן לְעוֹלָ֑ם עַל־דִּ֝בְרָתִ֗י מַלְכִּי־צֶֽדֶק׃

110:4   Melchizedek 

This psalm speaks of the coronation of a king, possibly David. It includes praises and blessings to the king of Israel who rules from Tzion, who will judge the nation, lead the army, and follow in the ways of Hashem. God sees the king as a kind of priest, as he serves the people and represents them to God, much like a priest does in the Beit Hamikdash. The first king-priest lived in the time of Avraham, though he was not from his family. The Bible praises Melchizedek, the great king of Shalem, which is the original name for Yerushalayim. Melchizedek recognizes Avraham’s justice and blesses God in his presence (Genesis 14:18-20).

5Hashem is at your right hand. He crushes kings in the day of His anger.

a-do-NAI al-y'-mi-NE-kha, ma-KHATZ b'-yom a-PO, m'-la-KHEEM

האֲדֹנָ֥י עַל־יְמִֽינְךָ֑ מָחַ֖ץ בְּיוֹם־אַפּ֣וֹ מְלָכִֽים׃

6He works judgment upon the nations, heaping up bodies, crushing heads far and wide.

ויָדִ֣ין בַּ֭גּוֹיִם מָלֵ֣א גְוִיּ֑וֹת מָ֥חַץ רֹ֝֗אשׁ עַל־אֶ֥רֶץ רַבָּֽה׃

7He drinks from the stream on his way; therefore he holds his head high.

mi-NACH-al ba-DE-rekh yish-TEH al-KEN ya-RIM rosh.

זמִ֭נַּחַל בַּדֶּ֣רֶךְ יִשְׁתֶּ֑ה עַל־כֵּ֝֗ן יָרִ֥ים רֹֽאשׁ׃