TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

Psalms 110

1Of David. A psalm. Hashem said to my lord, “Sit at My right hand while I make your enemies your footstool.”

אלְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר נְאֻם יְהֹוָה לַאדֹנִי שֵׁב לִימִינִי עַד־אָשִׁית אֹיְבֶיךָ הֲדֹם לְרַגְלֶיךָ׃

2Hashem will stretch forth from Tzion your mighty scepter; hold sway over your enemies!

במַטֵּה־עֻזְּךָ יִשְׁלַח יְהֹוָה מִצִּיּוֹן רְדֵה בְּקֶרֶב אֹיְבֶיךָ׃

3Your people come forward willingly on your day of battle. In majestic holiness, from the womb, from the dawn, yours was the dew of youth.

געַמְּךָ נְדָבֹת בְּיוֹם חֵילֶךָ בְּהַדְרֵי־קֹדֶשׁ מֵרֶחֶם מִשְׁחָר לְךָ טַל יַלְדֻתֶיךָ׃

4Hashem has sworn and will not relent, “You are a Kohen forever, after the manner of Melchizedek.”

nish-BA a-do-NAI v'-LO yi-na-KHAYM a-TAH kho-HAYN l'-o-LAM al div-ra-TEE mal-kee TZE-dek

דנִשְׁבַּע יְהֹוָה וְלֹא יִנָּחֵם אַתָּה־כֹהֵן לְעוֹלָם עַל־דִּבְרָתִי מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק׃

110:4   Melchizedek 

This psalm speaks of the coronation of a king, possibly David. It includes praises and blessings to the king of Israel who rules from Tzion, who will judge the nation, lead the army, and follow in the ways of Hashem. God sees the king as a kind of priest, as he serves the people and represents them to God, much like a priest does in the Beit Hamikdash. The first king-priest lived in the time of Avraham, though he was not from his family. The Bible praises Melchizedek, the great king of Shalem, which is the original name for Yerushalayim. Melchizedek recognizes Avraham’s justice and blesses God in his presence (Genesis 14:18-20).

5Hashem is at your right hand. He crushes kings in the day of His anger.

האֲדֹנָי עַל־יְמִינְךָ מָחַץ בְּיוֹם־אַפּוֹ מְלָכִים׃

6He works judgment upon the nations, heaping up bodies, crushing heads far and wide.

ויָדִין בַּגּוֹיִם מָלֵא גְוִיּוֹת מָחַץ רֹאשׁ עַל־אֶרֶץ רַבָּה׃

7He drinks from the stream on his way; therefore he holds his head high.

זמִנַּחַל בַּדֶּרֶךְ יִשְׁתֶּה עַל־כֵּן יָרִים רֹאשׁ׃