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Chapter 70

Translation and Transliteration of 

1For the leader. Of David. Lehazkir.

la-m'na-TSE-akh, l'-da-VID, l'-haz-KIR

אלַ֝מְנַצֵּ֗חַ לְדָוִ֥ד לְהַזְכִּֽיר׃

2Hasten, O Hashem, to save me; Hashem, to aid me!

E-lo-HIM l'-ha-tzee-LAY-nee, a-do-NAI l'-ez-ra-TEE KHO-sha.

באֱלֹהִ֥ים לְהַצִּילֵ֑נִי יְ֝הֹוָ֗ה לְעֶזְרָ֥תִי חֽוּשָׁה׃

3Let those who seek my life be frustrated and disgraced; let those who wish me harm, fall back in shame.

yay-VO-shu v'-yakh-p'-RU m'-vak-SHAY naf-SHEE yi-SO-gu a-KHOR v'-yi-kal-MU kha-fay-TZAY ra-a-TEE

גיֵבֹ֣שׁוּ וְיַחְפְּרוּ֮ מְבַקְשֵׁ֢י נַ֫פְשִׁ֥י יִסֹּ֣גוּ אָ֭חוֹר וְיִכָּלְמ֑וּ חֲ֝פֵצֵ֗י רָעָתִֽי׃

 70:3   Let those who seek my life be frustrated and disgraced

Rabbi Samson R. Hirsch (1808-1888)

As a leader of Israel, David leads two lives: A public, national one, and a private one. This psalm focuses on the personal suffering of David which he seeks to always remember, as he writes in the title of the psalm, lehazkir (להזכיר), which literally means to ‘remind’ or ‘mention.’ David has enemies who seek to destroy him personally. They mock him, deceive him and act traitorously toward him, in order that he will be derided in front of the nation. Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch notes that David seeks the ultimate failure of these enemies and their shame and humiliation, not out of vengeance, but rather so that these cruel Israelites will repent. Often, it is only the shock and humiliation of defeat that brings one to introspection and to change his errant ways.

4Let those who say, “Aha! Aha!” turn back because of their frustration.

ya-SHU-vu al-E-KEV bo-SHAM ha-o-M'-REEM he-AKH he-aKH

דיָ֭שׁוּבוּ עַל־עֵ֣קֶב בׇּשְׁתָּ֑ם הָ֝אֹמְרִ֗ים הֶ֘אָ֥ח ׀ הֶאָֽח׃

5But let all who seek You be glad and rejoice in You; let those who are eager for Your deliverance always say, “Extolled be Hashem!”

ya-SI-su v'-yis-M'-khu b'-KHA kol m'-va-K'-she-KHA v'-yo-M'-RU ta-MEED yig-DAL e-lo-HEEM o-ha-VEI y'-shu-a-TE-kha

היָ֘שִׂ֤ישׂוּ וְיִשְׂמְח֨וּ ׀ בְּךָ֗ כׇּֽל־מְבַ֫קְשֶׁ֥יךָ וְיֹאמְר֣וּ תָ֭מִיד יִגְדַּ֣ל אֱלֹהִ֑ים אֹ֝הֲבֵ֗י יְשׁוּעָתֶֽךָ׃

6But I am poor and needy; O Hashem, hasten to me! You are my help and my rescuer; Hashem, do not delay.

va-a-NEE a-NEE v'-EV-yon e-lo-HEEM KHU-sha-LEE a-ta, e-zer-EE u-m'-fal-TEE a-TAH, a-do-NAI al-t'-a-KHAR. {PAUSE}

ווַאֲנִ֤י ׀ עָנִ֣י וְאֶבְיוֹן֮ אֱלֹהִ֢ים ח֫וּשָׁה־לִּ֥י עֶזְרִ֣י וּמְפַלְטִ֣י אַ֑תָּה יְ֝הֹוָ֗ה אַל־תְּאַחַֽר׃