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Chapter 108

Translation and Transliteration of 

1A song. A psalm of David.

SHIR miZ-MOR l'-da-VID

אשִׁ֖יר מִזְמ֣וֹר לְדָוִֽד׃

2My heart is firm, O Hashem; I will sing and chant a hymn with all my soul.

na-KHON li-BEE e-lo-HEEM a-SHI-ra va-a-za-m'-RAH af-ke-vo-DEE

בנָכ֣וֹן לִבִּ֣י אֱלֹהִ֑ים אָשִׁ֥ירָה וַ֝אֲזַמְּרָ֗ה אַף־כְּבוֹדִֽי׃

3Awake, O harp and lyre! I will wake the dawn.

U-RAH ha-NE-VEL v'-ki-NOR a-EE-RAH sha-KHAR

גע֭וּרָ֥ה הַנֵּ֥בֶל וְכִנּ֗וֹר אָעִ֥ירָה שָּֽׁחַר׃

4I will praise You among the peoples, Hashem, sing a hymn to You among the nations;

o-de-KHA va-a-MEEM a-do-NAI va-a-ZAM-ER-KHA bal-u-MEEM

דאוֹדְךָ֖ בָעַמִּ֥ים ׀ יְהֹוָ֑ה וַ֝אֲזַמֶּרְךָ֗ בַּלְאֻמִּֽים׃

5for Your faithfulness is higher than the heavens; Your steadfastness reaches to the sky.

ki-GA-dol me-al sha-MA-yim khas-DE-kha v'-ad sh'-kha-KIM a-mi-TE-kha

הכִּי־גָד֣וֹל מֵעַל־שָׁמַ֣יִם חַסְדֶּ֑ךָ וְֽעַד־שְׁחָקִ֥ים אֲמִתֶּֽךָ׃

6Exalt Yourself over the heavens, O Hashem; let Your glory be over all the earth!

RU-ma al-sha-MA-yim e-lo-HEEM v'-al kol-ha-A-retz k'-vo-DE-kha

ור֣וּמָה עַל־שָׁמַ֣יִם אֱלֹהִ֑ים וְעַ֖ל כׇּל־הָאָ֣רֶץ כְּבוֹדֶֽךָ׃

7That those whom You love may be rescued, deliver with Your right hand and answer me.

l'-ma-AN ye-kha-L'-TZUN ye-di-DE-kha ho-SHI-a y'-mi-N'-KHA va-a-NE-ni

זלְ֭מַעַן יֵחָלְצ֣וּן יְדִידֶ֑יךָ הוֹשִׁ֖יעָה יְמִֽינְךָ֣ וַעֲנֵֽנִי׃

8Hashem promised in His sanctuary that I would exultingly divide up Shechem, and measure the Valley of Sukkoth;

E-lo-HIM di-BER b'-KOD-sho e-AL-ZAH a-kha-le-KAH sh'-KHEM v'-E-mek su-KOT a-ma-DAYD

חאֱלֹהִ֤ים ׀ דִּבֶּ֥ר בְּקׇדְשׁ֗וֹ אֶ֫עְלֹ֥זָה אֲחַלְּקָ֥ה שְׁכֶ֑ם וְעֵ֖מֶק סֻכּ֣וֹת אֲמַדֵּֽד׃

9Gilad and Menashe would be mine, Efraim my chief stronghold, Yehuda my scepter;

LEE gil-AD LEE m'-na-SHEH v'-ef-RA-yim ma-OZ ro-SHEE y'-hu-DAH m'-kho-k'-KEE

טלִ֤י גִלְעָ֨ד ׀ לִ֤י מְנַשֶּׁ֗ה וְ֭אֶפְרַיִם מָע֣וֹז רֹאשִׁ֑י יְ֝הוּדָ֗ה מְחֹקְקִֽי׃

108:9   Gilad and Menashe would be mine

Gilad mountains

In a moment of confidence, David rejoices at the great promise Hashem made to His people, to give them each a share in the Promised Land. He remarks “Gilad and Menashe would be mine,” and speaks of controlling Ephraim, Yehuda, Moab and the land of the Philistines. He intends to fulfill the biblical command to conquer all the lands occupied by other kingdoms but bequeathed to Israel, or at one point conquered by Israel. Gilad is a mountainous strip of land on the eastern bank of the Jordan River which was conquered by Israel on their journey from Egypt to Canaan. After conquering the land of Sihon and Og, Moshe bequeathed it to the tribes of Reuven and Gad and to half the tribe of Menashe. Yiftach the judge came from this region, King Shaul defended the area from the kingdom of Ammon, and Shlomo also included this area in his kingdom. Once the Israelite kingdom split, however, this land was conquered by Aram.

10Moab would be my washbasin; on Edom I would cast my shoe; I would raise a shout over Philistia.

mo-AV seer rach-TZI al e-DOM ash-LEEKH na-a-LEE a-LEI fe-LE-shet et-ro-a-a

ימוֹאָ֤ב ׀ סִ֬יר רַחְצִ֗י עַל־אֱ֭דוֹם אַשְׁלִ֣יךְ נַעֲלִ֑י עֲלֵי־פְ֝לֶ֗שֶׁת אֶתְרוֹעָֽע׃

11Would that I were brought to the bastion! Would that I were led to Edom!

mee yo-VE-le-nee ir mi-v'-TZAR, mee na-KHA-nee ad e-DOM

יאמִ֣י יֹ֭בִלֵנִי עִ֣יר מִבְצָ֑ר מִ֖י נָחַ֣נִי עַד־אֱדֽוֹם׃

12But You have rejected us, O Hashem; Hashem, You do not march with our armies.

ha-LO e-lo-HEEM ze-na-KH'-ta-NU, v'-LO te-TZE e-lo-HEEM b'-tzi-v'-o-TEY-nu

יבהֲלֹֽא־אֱלֹהִ֥ים זְנַחְתָּ֑נוּ וְֽלֹא־תֵצֵ֥א אֱ֝לֹהִ֗ים בְּצִבְאֹתֵֽינוּ׃

13Grant us Your aid against the foe, for the help of man is worthless.

ha-VAH-la-NU eZ'-rat mi-TZAR v'-sha-VE to-SHU-at a-DAM

יגהָבָה־לָּ֣נוּ עֶזְרָ֣ת מִצָּ֑ר וְ֝שָׁ֗וְא תְּשׁוּעַ֥ת אָדָֽם׃

14With Hashem we shall triumph; He will trample our foes.

be-E-lo-HIM na-a-SEH-kha-YIL v'-hu YA-vus tza-RE-nu

ידבֵּאלֹהִ֥ים נַעֲשֶׂה־חָ֑יִל וְ֝ה֗וּא יָב֥וּס צָרֵֽינוּ׃