TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

Psalms 43

1Vindicate me, O Hashem, Champion my cause against faithless people; rescue me from the treacherous, dishonest man.

אשָׁפְטֵנִי אֱלֹהִים וְרִיבָה רִיבִי מִגּוֹי לֹא־חָסִיד מֵאִישׁ־מִרְמָה וְעַוְלָה תְפַלְּטֵנִי׃

2For You are my God, my stronghold; why have You rejected me? Why must I walk in gloom, oppressed by the enemy?

בכִּי־אַתָּה אֱלֹהֵי מָעוּזִּי לָמָה זְנַחְתָּנִי לָמָּה־קֹדֵר אֶתְהַלֵּךְ בְּלַחַץ אוֹיֵב׃

3Send forth Your light and Your truth; they will lead me; they will bring me to Your holy mountain, to Your dwelling-place,

sh'-lakh o-r'-KHA va-a-mi-t'-KHA HAY-mah yan-KHU-nee y'-vee-U-nee el har kod-sh'-KHA v'-el mish-k'-no-TE-kha

גשְׁלַח־אוֹרְךָ וַאֲמִתְּךָ הֵמָּה יַנְחוּנִי יְבִיאוּנִי אֶל־הַר־קָדְשְׁךָ וְאֶל־מִשְׁכְּנוֹתֶיךָ׃

The location of ancient Gilgal, where the mishkan stood for fourteen years.

 43:3   Your dwelling-place

The word for Tabernacle is Mishkan (משכן), from the Hebrew root ש-כ-נ, which means ‘to dwell.’ The Mishkan was erected in the desert as a temporary dwelling for Hashem, which was ultimately replaced by a permanent resting place, in the form of the Beit Hamikdash on Mount Moriah. But getting there took some time. Korah Sages trace the travels of the Mishkan in the Land of Israel: Fourteen years in Gilgal, 369 years in Shilo, and another 57 years in Nov and Givon. Altogether, it took 440 years from the entry of the Children of Israel into Eretz Yisrael until Shlomo built the Beit Hamikdash. In this psalm, the psalmist asks God for light and truth to help him return to the holy mountain, to the resting place of the Lord.

4that I may come to the mizbayach of Hashem, Hashem, my delight, my joy; that I may praise You with the lyre, O Hashem, my God.

דוְאָבוֹאָה אֶל־מִזְבַּח אֱלֹהִים אֶל־אֵל שִׂמְחַת גִּילִי וְאוֹדְךָ בְכִנּוֹר אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהָי׃

5Why so downcast, my soul, why disquieted within me? Have hope in Hashem; I will yet praise Him, my ever-present help, my God.

המַה־תִּשְׁתּוֹחֲחִי נַפְשִׁי וּמַה־תֶּהֱמִי עָלָי הוֹחִילִי לֵאלֹהִים כִּי־עוֹד אוֹדֶנּוּ יְשׁוּעֹת פָּנַי וֵאלֹהָי׃