TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
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Psalms 60

1For the leader; on shushan eduth. A michtam of David (to be taught),

אלַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל־שׁוּשַׁן עֵדוּת מִכְתָּם לְדָוִד לְלַמֵּד׃

2when he fought with Aram-Naharaim and Aram-Zobah, and Yoav returned and defeated Edom—[an army] of twelve thousand men—in the Valley of Salt.

b'-ha-tzo-TO ET a-RAM na-ha-RA-yim v'-et a-RAM tzo-VAH va-YA-shov yo-AV va-YAKH et e-DOM b'-gay ME-lakh sh'-NAYM a-SAR A-lef

בבְּהַצּוֹתוֹ אֶת אֲרַם נַהֲרַיִם וְאֶת־אֲרַם צוֹבָה וַיָּשָׁב יוֹאָב וַיַּךְ אֶת־אֱדוֹם בְּגֵיא־מֶלַח שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אָלֶף׃

60:2   When he fought with AramNaharaim

As king of Israel, David has to contend with neighboring countries, sometimes as allies but often as enemies. The Land of Israel is surrounded by other countries on three sides. To the south, Israel borders Egypt. In ancient times, the eastern lands were dominated by the kingdoms of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Bashan, and Aram. In the northeast was Aram Naharaim, the land from which Avraham began his journey towards the Promised Land. As recorded in the books of Shmuel and Divrei Hayamim, David conducts battles and expands his kingdom to include the eastern bank of the Jordan River, where the tribes of Reuven, Gad and Menashe had settled hundreds of years earlier. This verse makes reference to some of the battles David fights against his neighbors.

3O Hashem, You have rejected us, You have made a breach in us; You have been angry; restore us!

גאֱלֹהִים זְנַחְתָּנוּ פְרַצְתָּנוּ אָנַפְתָּ תְּשׁוֹבֵב לָנוּ׃

4You have made the land quake; You have torn it open. Mend its fissures, for it is collapsing.

דהִרְעַשְׁתָּה אֶרֶץ פְּצַמְתָּהּ רְפָה שְׁבָרֶיהָ כִי־מָטָה׃

5You have made Your people suffer hardship; You have given us wine that makes us reel.

ההִרְאִיתָה עַמְּךָ קָשָׁה הִשְׁקִיתָנוּ יַיִן תַּרְעֵלָה׃

6Give those who fear You because of Your truth a banner for rallying. Selah.

ונָתַתָּה לִּירֵאֶיךָ נֵּס לְהִתְנוֹסֵס מִפְּנֵי קֹשֶׁט סֶלָה׃

7That those whom You love might be rescued, deliver with Your right hand and answer me.

זלְמַעַן יֵחָלְצוּן יְדִידֶיךָ הוֹשִׁיעָה יְמִינְךָ ועננו [וַעֲנֵנִי׃]

8Hashem promised in His sanctuary that I would exultingly divide up Shechem, and measure the Valley of Sukkoth;

חאֱלֹהִים דִּבֶּר בְּקָדְשׁוֹ אֶעְלֹזָה אֲחַלְּקָה שְׁכֶם וְעֵמֶק סֻכּוֹת אֲמַדֵּד׃

9Gilad and Menashe would be mine, Efraim my chief stronghold, Yehuda my scepter;

טלִי גִלְעָד וְלִי מְנַשֶּׁה וְאֶפְרַיִם מָעוֹז רֹאשִׁי יְהוּדָה מְחֹקְקִי׃

10Moab would be my washbasin; on Edom I would cast my shoe; acclaim me, O Philistia!

ימוֹאָב סִיר רַחְצִי עַל־אֱדוֹם אַשְׁלִיךְ נַעֲלִי עָלַי פְּלֶשֶׁת הִתְרֹעָעִי׃

11Would that I were brought to the bastion! Would that I were led to Edom!

יאמִי יֹבִלֵנִי עִיר מָצוֹר מִי נָחַנִי עַד־אֱדוֹם׃

12But You have rejected us, O Hashem; Hashem, You do not march with our armies.

יבהֲלֹא־אַתָּה אֱלֹהִים זְנַחְתָּנוּ וְלֹא־תֵצֵא אֱלֹהִים בְּצִבְאוֹתֵינוּ׃

13Grant us Your aid against the foe, for the help of man is worthless.

יגהָבָה־לָּנוּ עֶזְרָת מִצָּר וְשָׁוְא תְּשׁוּעַת אָדָם׃

14With Hashem we shall triumph; He will trample our foes.

ידבֵּאלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה־חָיִל וְהוּא יָבוּס צָרֵינוּ׃