2 Hashem, You will favor Your land, restore Yaakov‘s fortune;
ra-TZEE-ta a-do-NAI ar-TZE-kha SHAV-ta sh’-VEET ya-a-KOV
ב רָצִיתָ יְהֹוָה אַרְצֶךָ שַׁבְתָּ שבות [שְׁבִית] יַעֲקֹב׃
85:2 Restore Yaakov’s fortune
After a period of exile, the Children of Israel return home. Contemporary commentator Amos Hakham sees this as a reference to the return of the Jews to the Land of Israel after seventy years of Babylonian exile. In 538 BCE, Cyrus the Great, king of the Persian empire, defeats the Babylonian empire and issues a declaration that the Jews may return to their homeland and rebuild the Beit Hamikdash (Ezra chapter 1). This is considered the beginning of the second Temple period. The psalmist acknowledges Hashem’s desire for His nation to return to the Promised Land. Upon their return, the land will again bring forth its bountiful produce and flourish (verse 13).