Psalms 85
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1  For the leader. Of the Korahites. A psalm.

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ לִבְנֵי־קֹרַח מִזְמוֹר׃

2  Hashem, You will favor Your land, restore Yaakov‘s fortune;

ra-TZEE-ta a-do-NAI ar-TZE-kha SHAV-ta sh’-VEET ya-a-KOV

ב  רָצִיתָ יְהֹוָה אַרְצֶךָ שַׁבְתָּ שבות [שְׁבִית] יַעֲקֹב׃

 85:2   Restore Yaakov’s fortune

After a period of exile, the Children of Israel return home. Contemporary commentator Amos Hakham sees this as a reference to the return of the Jews to the Land of Israel after seventy years of Babylonian exile. In 538 BCE, Cyrus the Great, king of the Persian empire, defeats the Babylonian empire and issues a declaration that the Jews may return to their homeland and rebuild the Beit Hamikdash (Ezra chapter 1). This is considered the beginning of the second Temple period. The psalmist acknowledges Hashem’s desire for His nation to return to the Promised Land. Upon their return, the land will again bring forth its bountiful produce and flourish (verse 13).2 comments

3  You will forgive Your people’s iniquity, pardon all their sins; selah

ג  נָשָׂאתָ עֲוׂן עַמֶּךָ כִּסִּיתָ כָל־חַטָּאתָם סֶלָה׃

4  You will withdraw all Your anger, turn away from Your rage.

ד  אָסַפְתָּ כָל־עֶבְרָתֶךָ הֱשִׁיבוֹתָ מֵחֲרוֹן אַפֶּךָ׃

5  Turn again, O Hashem, our helper, revoke Your displeasure with us.

ה  שׁוּבֵנוּ אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׁעֵנוּ וְהָפֵר כַּעַסְךָ עִמָּנוּ׃

6  Will You be angry with us forever, prolong Your wrath for all generations?

ו  הַלְעוֹלָם תֶּאֱנַף־בָּנוּ תִּמְשֹׁךְ אַפְּךָ לְדֹר וָדֹר׃

7  Surely You will revive us again, so that Your people may rejoice in You.

ז  הֲלֹא־אַתָּה תָּשׁוּב תְּחַיֵּנוּ וְעַמְּךָ יִשְׂמְחוּ־בָךְ׃

8  Show us, Hashem, Your faithfulness; grant us Your deliverance.

ח  הַרְאֵנוּ יְהֹוָה חַסְדֶּךָ וְיֶשְׁעֲךָ תִּתֶּן־לָנוּ׃

9  Let me hear what Hashem, Hashem, will speak; He will promise well-being to His people, His faithful ones; may they not turn to folly.

ט  אֶשְׁמְעָה מַה־יְדַבֵּר הָאֵל יְהֹוָה כִּי יְדַבֵּר שָׁלוֹם אֶל־עַמּוֹ וְאֶל־חֲסִידָיו וְאַל־יָשׁוּבוּ לְכִסְלָה׃

10  His help is very near those who fear Him, to make His glory dwell in our land.

י  אַךְ קָרוֹב לִירֵאָיו יִשְׁעוֹ לִשְׁכֹּן כָּבוֹד בְּאַרְצֵנוּ׃

11  Faithfulness and truth meet; justice and well-being kiss.

יא  חֶסֶד־וֶאֱמֶת נִפְגָּשׁוּ צֶדֶק וְשָׁלוֹם נָשָׁקוּ׃

12  Truth springs up from the earth; justice looks down from heaven.

יב  אֱמֶת מֵאֶרֶץ תִּצְמָח וְצֶדֶק מִשָּׁמַיִם נִשְׁקָף׃

13  Hashem also bestows His bounty; our land yields its produce.

יג  גַּם־יְהֹוָה יִתֵּן הַטּוֹב וְאַרְצֵנוּ תִּתֵּן יְבוּלָהּ׃

14  Justice goes before Him as He sets out on His way.

יד  צֶדֶק לְפָנָיו יְהַלֵּךְ וְיָשֵׂם לְדֶרֶךְ פְּעָמָיו׃

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Psalms 84
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Psalms 85

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