7 They pass through the Valley of Baca, regarding it as a place of springs, as if the early rain had covered it with blessing.
o-v’-RAY b’-AY-mek ha-ba-KHA ma-YAN y’-shee-TU-hu gam b’-ra-KHOT ya-TEH mo-REH
ז עֹבְרֵי בְּעֵמֶק הַבָּכָא מַעְיָן יְשִׁיתוּהוּ גַּם־בְּרָכוֹת יַעְטֶה מוֹרֶה׃
84:7 They pass through the Valley of Baca
The sons of Korach write a psalm depicting the longing for the Beit Hamikdash and the desire to make the great pilgrimage to Yerushalayim three times a year. From all corners of the land, pilgrims make their way to the Holy City for the three festivals, bearing gifts to present in the Beit Hamikdash. Some traverse long distances, while others walk a short way to get to Jerusalem and the Beit Hamikdash. The psalmist writes how the pilgrims would pass through the Emek Habakha, literally ‘the valley of tears,’ struggling to make their way home. In modern times, the name Emek Habakha has been applied to a strip of land in the Golan Heights that was the site of a major battle during the 1973 Yom Kippur War. Though vastly outnumbered, the Israeli soldiers of Battalion 77 held their positions against the Syrian army until the Syrians eventually withdrew. While they sacrificed many soldiers, the IDF prevented the Syrian army from breaking through and traveling south to destroy the heartLand of Israel.