1 A Song, a Psalm of Asaf.
א שִׁיר מִזְמוֹר לְאָסָף.
2 O God, keep not Thou silence; hold not Thy peace, and be not still, O God.
ב אֱלֹהִים אַל דֳּמִי לָךְ אַל תֶּחֱרַשׁ וְאַל תִּשְׁקֹט אֵל.
3 For, lo, Thine enemies are in an uproar; and they that hate Thee have lifted up the head.
ג כִּי הִנֵּה אוֹיְבֶיךָ יֶהֱמָיוּן וּמְשַׂנְאֶיךָ נָשְׂאוּ רֹאשׁ.
4 They hold crafty converse against Thy people, and take counsel against Thy treasured ones.
ד עַל עַמְּךָ יַעֲרִימוּ סוֹד וְיִתְיָעֲצוּ עַל צְפוּנֶיךָ.
5 They have said: ‘Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Yisrael may be no more in remembrance.’
6 For they have consulted together with one consent; against Thee do they make a covenant;
ו כִּי נוֹעֲצוּ לֵב יַחְדָּו עָלֶיךָ בְּרִית יִכְרֹתוּ.
9 Assyria also is joined with them; they have been an arm to the children of Lot. Selah
ט גַּם אַשּׁוּר נִלְוָה עִמָּם הָיוּ זְרוֹעַ לִבְנֵי לוֹט סֶלָה.
10 Do Thou unto them as unto Midian; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook Kishon;
י עֲשֵׂה לָהֶם כְּמִדְיָן כְּסִיסְרָא כְיָבִין בְּנַחַל קִישׁוֹן.
11 Who were destroyed at En-dor; they became as dung for the earth.
יא נִשְׁמְדוּ בְעֵין דֹּאר הָיוּ דֹּמֶן לָאֲדָמָה.
12 Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb, and like Zebah and Zalmunna all their princes;
shee-TAY-mo n’-dee-VAY-mo k’-o-RAYV v’-khiz-AYV ukh-ZE-vakh ukh-tzal-mu-NA kol n’-see-KHAY-mo
יב שִׁיתֵמוֹ נְדִיבֵימוֹ כְּעֹרֵב וְכִזְאֵב וּכְזֶבַח וּכְצַלְמֻנָּע כָּל נְסִיכֵימוֹ.
83:12 Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb
The psalm lists eleven enemies of Israel who, throughout history, have sought to destroy Israel and wipe them off the map. Asaph seeks God’s vengeance, and asks that He should come down in a grand display of omnipotence to smite all of Israel’s enemies. He invokes the stories of the book of Judges, when the Lord helped the judges destroy all the arrogant leaders of their adversaries. Oreb and Zeeb were two princes of Midian who were killed by Gideon during the defeat of Midian recorded in Judges 7. Zebah and Zalmunna were two kings of Midian killed during this war as well (Judges 8).
13 Who said: ‘Let us take to ourselves in possession the habitations of God.’
יג אֲשֶׁר אָמְרוּ נִירְשָׁה לָּנוּ אֵת נְאוֹת אֱלֹהִים.
14 O my God, make them like the whirling dust; as stubble before the wind.
יד אֱלֹהַי שִׁיתֵמוֹ כַגַּלְגַּל כְּקַשׁ לִפְנֵי רוּחַ.
15 As the fire that burneth the forest, and as the flame that setteth the mountains ablaze;
טו כְּאֵשׁ תִּבְעַר יָעַר וּכְלֶהָבָה תְּלַהֵט הָרִים.
16 So pursue them with Thy tempest, and affright them with Thy storm.
טז כֵּן תִּרְדְּפֵם בְּסַעֲרֶךָ וּבְסוּפָתְךָ תְבַהֲלֵם.
17 Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek Thy name, O Hashem.
יז מַלֵּא פְנֵיהֶם קָלוֹן וִיבַקְשׁוּ שִׁמְךָ יְהוָה.
18 Let them be ashamed and affrighted for ever; yea, let them be abashed and perish;
יח יֵבֹשׁוּ וְיִבָּהֲלוּ עֲדֵי עַד וְיַחְפְּרוּ וְיֹאבֵדוּ.
19 That they may know that it is Thou alone whose name is Hashem, the Most High over all the earth.
יט וְיֵדְעוּ כִּי אַתָּה שִׁמְךָ יְהוָה לְבַדֶּךָ עֶלְיוֹן עַל כָּל הָאָרֶץ.