1 For the Leader; with string-music. A Psalm of Asaf, a Song.
א לַמְנַצֵּחַ בִּנְגִינֹת מִזְמוֹר לְאָסָף שִׁיר.
2 In Yehuda is God known; His name is great in Yisrael.
no-DA bee-hu-DAH e-lo-HEEM b’-yis-ra-AYL ga-DOL sh’-MO
ב נוֹדָע בִּיהוּדָה אֱלֹהִים בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל גָּדוֹל שְׁמוֹ.
76:2 His name is great in Israel
This psalm is a song of praise to the Lord for saving the nation of Israel from its enemies. Though it is unclear to which specific battle this psalm is referring, Amos Hakham points to the Septuagint which adds the words “regarding the Assyrian” into the title of the psalm. This surely refers to the epic battle recorded in II Kings 18-19, between Sennacherib, king of Assyria, and the kingdom of Judah under the leadership of Hezekiah in the 8th century BCE. Assyria had conquered Mesopotamia and the ten tribes of Israel, dispersing them throughout his empire. He stood at the gates of Jerusalem and warned Hezekiah of impending doom. Isaiah the prophet assured the king that God would bring salvation to Judah and protect them from harm. Miraculously, Sennacherib’s’s army mysteriously died overnight and the Assyrians returned home without the conquest of Jerusalem. This might explain the statement “in Judah is God known,” as all kingdoms heard that God battles on behalf of Judah and Jerusalem. God is known to be in Judah.
3 In Salem also is set His tabernacle, and His dwelling-place in Tzion.
ג וַיְהִי בְשָׁלֵם סוּכּוֹ וּמְעוֹנָתוֹ בְצִיּוֹן.
4 There He broke the fiery shafts of the bow; the shield, and the sword, and the battle. Selah
ד שָׁמָּה שִׁבַּר רִשְׁפֵי קָשֶׁת מָגֵן וְחֶרֶב וּמִלְחָמָה סֶלָה.
5 Glorious art Thou and excellent, coming down from the mountains of prey.
ה נָאוֹר אַתָּה אַדִּיר מֵהַרְרֵי טָרֶף.
6 The stout-hearted are bereft of sense, they sleep their sleep; and none of the men of might have found their hands.
ו אֶשְׁתּוֹלְלוּ אַבִּירֵי לֵב נָמוּ שְׁנָתָם וְלֹא מָצְאוּ כָל אַנְשֵׁי חַיִל יְדֵיהֶם.
7 At Thy rebuke, O God of Yaakov, they are cast into a dead sleep, the riders also and the horses.
ז מִגַּעֲרָתְךָ אֱלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב נִרְדָּם וְרֶכֶב וָסוּס.
8 Thou, even Thou, art terrible; and who may stand in Thy sight when once Thou art angry?
ח אַתָּה נוֹרָא אַתָּה וּמִי יַעֲמֹד לְפָנֶיךָ מֵאָז אַפֶּךָ.
9 Thou didst cause sentence to be heard from heaven; the earth feared, and was still,
ט מִשָּׁמַיִם הִשְׁמַעְתָּ דִּין אֶרֶץ יָרְאָה וְשָׁקָטָה.
10 When God arose to judgment, to save all the humble of the earth. Selah
י בְּקוּם לַמִּשְׁפָּט אֱלֹהִים לְהוֹשִׁיעַ כָּל עַנְוֵי אֶרֶץ סֶלָה.
11 Surely the wrath of man shall praise Thee; the residue of wrath shalt Thou gird upon Thee.
יא כִּי חֲמַת אָדָם תּוֹדֶךָּ שְׁאֵרִית חֵמֹת תַּחְגֹּר.
12 Vow, and pay unto Hashem your God; let all that are round about Him bring presents unto Him that is to be feared;
יב נִדְרוּ וְשַׁלְּמוּ לַיהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם כָּל סְבִיבָיו יֹבִילוּ שַׁי לַמּוֹרָא.
13 He minisheth the spirit of princes; He is terrible to the kings of the earth.
יג יִבְצֹר רוּחַ נְגִידִים נוֹרָא לְמַלְכֵי אָרֶץ.