Psalms 74:1
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1  A maskil of Asaf. Why, O Hashem, do You forever reject us, do You fume in anger at the flock that You tend?

mas-KEEL l’-a-SAF LA-mah e-lo-HEEM za-NAKH-ta la-NE-tzakh ye-SHAN a-p’-KHA b’-TZON mar-ee-TE-kha

א  מַשְׂכִּיל לְאָסָף לָמָה אֱלֹהִים זָנַחְתָּ לָנֶצַח יֶעְשַׁן אַפְּךָ בְּצֹאן מַרְעִיתֶךָ׃

 74:1   Why, O Hashem, do You forever reject us

Amos Hakham, a modern Israeli Bible scholar and author of the contemporary Daat Mikra commentary on Sefer Tehillim, sees this chapter as an elegy over the destruction of the first Beit Hamikdash. The language is reminiscent of Yirmiyahu’s Megillat Eicha (see Lamentations 5:20), and verse 2 calls on Hashem to remember “Mount Tzion, where you dwell.” This implies that something disastrous happened there, possibly referring to the rampage of Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BCE. Furthermore, verses 3 and 7 refer to evil done in the sanctuary as well as the sanctuary being set on fire. The psalmist calls out to God in pain, “Why, O Hashem, do You forever reject us?” The picture of Yerushalayim in ruins was too much for the Israelites to behold, especially after having witnessed the splendor of King Shlomo’s Beit Hamikdash.

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Psalms 74
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Comments ( 3 )

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  • I do not dispute the reasoning for the events that caused the writer of this psalm to say "Yahweh, why have you cast off forever?" In fact, the destruction of the first temple could have been the event. However, in the preceding Psalm, Psalm 73, there is a commentary from the Israel Bible team that says that the writer of Psalms 73 to 83 is Asaph, one of the Levites appointed by David. So if it is Asaph, then he can't be writing about the destruction of the temple, it was not during his time.

  • Wow to the great loss of Israel. For the first Temple had been lost and yet worst desecrated by thin enemy. There was great evil done to the Holy of Holies and fire had destroyed all that had been sacred to the Children of Israel. The loss so great that the Children of Israel thought they had been abandoned by there God. For God could no longer dwell there once the Temple had been made unclean by the unholy ones.

    The psalmist calls out to God in pain, “Why, O God, hast Thou cast us off (seemingly) for ever?” The picture of Jerusalem in ruins was too much for the Israelites to behold, especially after having witnessed it with all the splendor of King Solomon’s Temple.

    The realization that after all that had been gained through there struggle as a nation. All there struggles to keep there people safe from there enemies, people feed and healthy it was all lost and so utterly destroyed with the total destruction of there most beloved Temple. The sight of Jerusalem in ruins and all that they fought for, built, worked for now turned to rubble and left in flame. Families being torn apart and taken into slavery or killed. How could this happen to them? Why did this happen to them? Yet while not mentioned right here, God always sends his prophets way in advance to warn. yet there are those who will not listen. Why, Well that is for yet another time, Carl

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Psalms 74:1

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