1 For the leader. Of David. Lehazkir.
א לַמְנַצֵּחַ לְדָוִד לְהַזְכִּיר׃
2 Hasten, O Hashem, to save me; Hashem, to aid me!
ב אֱלֹהִים לְהַצִּילֵנִי יְהֹוָה לְעֶזְרָתִי חוּשָׁה׃
3 Let those who seek my life be frustrated and disgraced; let those who wish me harm, fall back in shame.
yay-VO-shu v’-yakh-p’-RU m’-vak-SHAY naf-SHEE yi-SO-gu a-KHOR v’-yi-kal-MU kha-fay-TZAY ra-a-TEE
ג יֵבֹשׁוּ וְיַחְפְּרוּ מְבַקְשֵׁי נַפְשִׁי יִסֹּגוּ אָחוֹר וְיִכָּלְמוּ חֲפֵצֵי רָעָתִי׃
70:3 Let those who seek my life be frustrated and disgraced
As a leader of Israel, David leads two lives: A public, national one, and a private one. This psalm focuses on the personal suffering of David which he seeks to always remember, as he writes in the title of the psalm, lehazkir (להזכיר), which literally means to ‘remind’ or ‘mention.’ David has enemies who seek to destroy him personally. They mock him, deceive him and act traitorously toward him, in order that he will be derided in front of the nation. Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch notes that David seeks the ultimate failure of these enemies and their shame and humiliation, not out of vengeance, but rather so that these cruel Israelites will repent. Often, it is only the shock and humiliation of defeat that brings one to introspection and to change his errant ways.1 comment
4 Let those who say, “Aha! Aha!” turn back because of their frustration.
ד יָשׁוּבוּ עַל־עֵקֶב בָּשְׁתָּם הָאֹמְרִים הֶאָח הֶאָח׃
5 But let all who seek You be glad and rejoice in You; let those who are eager for Your deliverance always say, “Extolled be Hashem!”
ה יָשִׂישׂוּ וְיִשְׂמְחוּ בְּךָ כָּל־מְבַקְשֶׁיךָ וְיֹאמְרוּ תָמִיד יִגְדַּל אֱלֹהִים אֹהֲבֵי יְשׁוּעָתֶךָ׃
6 But I am poor and needy; O Hashem, hasten to me! You are my help and my rescuer; Hashem, do not delay.
ו וַאֲנִי עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן אֱלֹהִים חוּשָׁה־לִּי עֶזְרִי וּמְפַלְטִי אַתָּה יְהֹוָה אַל־תְּאַחַר׃