Psalms 68
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1  For the Leader. A Psalm of David, a Song.

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר שִׁיר.

2  Let God arise, let His enemies be scattered; and let them that hate Him flee before Him.

ב  יָקוּם אֱלֹהִים יָפוּצוּ אוֹיְבָיו וְיָנוּסוּ מְשַׂנְאָיו מִפָּנָיו.

3  As smoke is driven away, so drive them away; as wax melteth before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God.

ג  כְּהִנְדֹּף עָשָׁן תִּנְדֹּף כְּהִמֵּס דּוֹנַג מִפְּנֵי אֵשׁ יֹאבְדוּ רְשָׁעִים מִפְּנֵי אֱלֹהִים.

4  But let the righteous be glad, let them exult before God; yea, let them rejoice with gladness.

ד  וְצַדִּיקִים יִשְׂמְחוּ יַעַלְצוּ לִפְנֵי אֱלֹהִים וְיָשִׂישׂוּ בְשִׂמְחָה.

5  Sing unto God, sing praises to His name; extol Him that rideth upon the skies, whose name is Hashem; and exult ye before Him.

ה  שִׁירוּ לֵאלֹהִים זַמְּרוּ שְׁמוֹ סֹלּוּ לָרֹכֵב בָּעֲרָבוֹת בְּיָהּ שְׁמוֹ וְעִלְזוּ לְפָנָיו.

6  A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in His holy habitation.

ו  אֲבִי יְתוֹמִים וְדַיַּן אַלְמָנוֹת אֱלֹהִים בִּמְעוֹן קָדְשׁוֹ.

7  God maketh the solitary to dwell in a house; He bringeth out the prisoners into prosperity; the rebellious dwell but in a parched land.

ז  אֱלֹהִים מוֹשִׁיב יְחִידִים בַּיְתָה מוֹצִיא אֲסִירִים בַּכּוֹשָׁרוֹת אַךְ סוֹרְרִים שָׁכְנוּ צְחִיחָה.

8  O God, when Thou wentest forth before Thy people, when Thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah

ח  אֱלֹהִים בְּצֵאתְךָ לִפְנֵי עַמֶּךָ בְּצַעְדְּךָ בִישִׁימוֹן סֶלָה.

9  The earth trembled, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God; even yon Sinai trembled at the presence of God, the God of Yisrael.

E-retz ra-a-SHAH af sha-MA-yim na-t’-FU mi-p’-NAY e-lo-HEEM zeh see-NAI mi-p’-NAY e-lo-HEEM e-lo-HAY yis-ra-AYL

ט  אֶרֶץ רָעָשָׁה אַף שָׁמַיִם נָטְפוּ מִפְּנֵי אֱלֹהִים זֶה סִינַי מִפְּנֵי אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל.

68:9   Trembled at the presence of God

The psalm opens with a paraphrase of Numbers 10:35, which explains that as the Ark traveled in the desert, Moses called out, “’Rise up, O LORD, and let Thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate Thee flee before Thee.” The psalmist acknowledges that Israel goes into battle with God at the helm, smiting the enemy, miraculously scattering the cowardly foe. This is illustrated in a remarkable biblical story concerning the prophetess and judge Deborah, and the battle of Israel against Canaan at Mount Tabor (Judges 4,5). Deborah signals to the general Barak that the Lord is fighting with Israel and victory is at hand. The Canaanite army is defeated and Sisera the Canaanite general is ultimately killed by Jael wife of Heber the Kenite in her tent. After the Israelite victory, Deborah praises God with words that are strikingly similar to this verse: “LORD, when Thou didst go forth out of Seir, when Thou didst march out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, the heavens also dropped, yea, the clouds dropped water. The mountains quaked at the presence of the LORD, even yon Sinai at the presence of the LORD, the God of Israel” (Judges 5:4-3). The earth shakes at the realization that in Israel, God himself fights together with His people.


10  A bounteous rain didst Thou pour down, O God; when Thine inheritance was weary, Thou didst confirm it.

י  גֶּשֶׁם נְדָבוֹת תָּנִיף אֱלֹהִים נַחֲלָתְךָ וְנִלְאָה אַתָּה כוֹנַנְתָּהּ.

11  Thy flock settled therein; Thou didst prepare in Thy goodness for the poor, O God.

יא  חַיָּתְךָ יָשְׁבוּ בָהּ תָּכִין בְּטוֹבָתְךָ לֶעָנִי אֱלֹהִים.

12  The Lord giveth the word; the women that proclaim the tidings are a great host.

יב  אֲדֹנָי יִתֶּן אֹמֶר הַמְבַשְּׂרוֹת צָבָא רָב.

13  Kings of armies flee, they flee; and she that tarrieth at home divideth the spoil.

יג  מַלְכֵי צְבָאוֹת יִדֹּדוּן יִדֹּדוּן וּנְוַת בַּיִת תְּחַלֵּק שָׁלָל.

14  When ye lie among the sheepfolds, the wings of the dove are covered with silver, and her pinions with the shimmer of gold.

יד  אִם תִּשְׁכְּבוּן בֵּין שְׁפַתָּיִם כַּנְפֵי יוֹנָה נֶחְפָּה בַכֶּסֶף וְאֶבְרוֹתֶיהָ בִּירַקְרַק חָרוּץ.

15  When the Almighty scattereth kings therein, it snoweth in Zalmon.

טו  בְּפָרֵשׂ שַׁדַּי מְלָכִים בָּהּ תַּשְׁלֵג בְּצַלְמוֹן.

16  A mountain of God is the mountain of Bashan; a mountain of peaks is the mountain of Bashan.

טז  הַר אֱלֹהִים הַר בָּשָׁן הַר גַּבְנֻנִּים הַר בָּשָׁן.

17  Why look ye askance, ye mountains of peaks, at the mountain which God hath desired for His abode? Yea, Hashem will dwell therein for ever.

יז  לָמָּה תְּרַצְּדוּן הָרִים גַּבְנֻנִּים הָהָר חָמַד אֱלֹהִים לְשִׁבְתּוֹ אַף יְהוָה יִשְׁכֹּן לָנֶצַח.

18  The chariots of God are myriads, even thousands upon thousands; the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in holiness.

יח  רֶכֶב אֱלֹהִים רִבֹּתַיִם אַלְפֵי שִׁנְאָן אֲדֹנָי בָם סִינַי בַּקֹּדֶשׁ.

19  Thou hast ascended on high, Thou hast led captivity captive; Thou hast received gifts among men, yea, among the rebellious also, that Hashem God might dwell there.

יט  עָלִיתָ לַמָּרוֹם שָׁבִיתָ שֶּׁבִי לָקַחְתָּ מַתָּנוֹת בָּאָדָם וְאַף סוֹרְרִים לִשְׁכֹּן יָהּ אֱלֹהִים.

20  Blessed be the Lord, day by day He beareth our burden, even the God who is our salvation. Selah

כ  בָּרוּךְ אֲדֹנָי יוֹם יוֹם יַעֲמָס לָנוּ הָאֵל יְשׁוּעָתֵנוּ סֶלָה.

21  God is unto us a God of deliverances; and unto GOD the Lord belong the issues of death.

כא  הָאֵל לָנוּ אֵל לְמוֹשָׁעוֹת וְלֵיהוִה אֲדֹנָי לַמָּוֶת תֹּצָאוֹת.

22  Surely God will smite through the head of His enemies, the hairy scalp of him that goeth about in his guiltiness.

כב  אַךְ אֱלֹהִים יִמְחַץ רֹאשׁ אֹיְבָיו קָדְקֹד שֵׂעָר מִתְהַלֵּךְ בַּאֲשָׁמָיו.

23  The Lord said: ‘I will bring back from Bashan, I will bring them back from the depths of the sea;

כג  אָמַר אֲדֹנָי מִבָּשָׁן אָשִׁיב אָשִׁיב מִמְּצֻלוֹת יָם.

24  That thy foot may wade through blood, that the tongue of thy dogs may have its portion from thine enemies.’

כד  לְמַעַן תִּמְחַץ רַגְלְךָ בְּדָם לְשׁוֹן כְּלָבֶיךָ מֵאֹיְבִים מִנֵּהוּ.

25  They see Thy goings, O God, even the goings of my God, my King, in holiness.

כה  רָאוּ הֲלִיכוֹתֶיךָ אֱלֹהִים הֲלִיכוֹת אֵלִי מַלְכִּי בַקֹּדֶשׁ.

26  The singers go before, the minstrels follow after, in the midst of damsels playing upon timbrels.

כו  קִדְּמוּ שָׁרִים אַחַר נֹגְנִים בְּתוֹךְ עֲלָמוֹת תּוֹפֵפוֹת.

27  ‘Bless ye God in full assemblies, even the Lord, ye that are from the fountain of Yisrael.’

כז  בְּמַקְהֵלוֹת בָּרְכוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲדֹנָי מִמְּקוֹר יִשְׂרָאֵל.

28  There is Binyamin, the youngest, ruling them, the princes of Yehuda their council, the princes of Zebulun, the princes of Naphtali.

כח  שָׁם בִּנְיָמִן צָעִיר רֹדֵם שָׂרֵי יְהוּדָה רִגְמָתָם שָׂרֵי זְבֻלוּן שָׂרֵי נַפְתָּלִי.

29  Thy God hath commanded thy strength; be strong, O God, Thou that hast wrought for us

כט  צִוָּה אֱלֹהֶיךָ עֻזֶּךָ עוּזָּה אֱלֹהִים זוּ פָּעַלְתָּ לָּנוּ.

30  Out of Thy temple at Yerushalayim, whither kings shall bring presents unto Thee.

ל  מֵהֵיכָלֶךָ עַל יְרוּשָׁלִָם לְךָ יוֹבִילוּ מְלָכִים שָׁי.

31  Rebuke the wild beast of the reeds, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the peoples, every one submitting himself with pieces of silver; He hath scattered the peoples that delight in war!

לא  גְּעַר חַיַּת קָנֶה עֲדַת אַבִּירִים בְּעֶגְלֵי עַמִּים מִתְרַפֵּס בְּרַצֵּי כָסֶף בִּזַּר עַמִּים קְרָבוֹת יֶחְפָּצוּ.

32  Nobles shall come out of Mitzrayim; Ethiopia shall hasten to stretch out her hands unto God.

לב  יֶאֱתָיוּ חַשְׁמַנִּים מִנִּי מִצְרָיִם כּוּשׁ תָּרִיץ יָדָיו לֵאלֹהִים.

33  Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of the earth; O sing praises unto the Lord; Selah

לג  מַמְלְכוֹת הָאָרֶץ שִׁירוּ לֵאלֹהִים זַמְּרוּ אֲדֹנָי סֶלָה.

34  To Him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, which are of old; lo, He uttereth His voice, a mighty voice.

לד  לָרֹכֵב בִּשְׁמֵי שְׁמֵי קֶדֶם הֵן יִתֵּן בְּקוֹלוֹ קוֹל עֹז.

35  Ascribe ye strength unto God; His majesty is over Yisrael, and His strength is in the skies.

לה  תְּנוּ עֹז לֵאלֹהִים עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל גַּאֲוָתוֹ וְעֻזּוֹ בַּשְּׁחָקִים.

36  Awful is God out of thy holy places; the God of Yisrael, He giveth strength and power unto the people; blessed be God.

לו  נוֹרָא אֱלֹהִים מִמִּקְדָּשֶׁיךָ אֵל יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא נֹתֵן עֹז וְתַעֲצֻמוֹת לָעָם בָּרוּךְ אֱלֹהִים.

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Psalms 67
Psalms 69

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Psalms 68