60:2 When he fought with Aram–Naharaim
As king of Israel, David has to contend with neighboring countries, sometimes as allies but often as enemies. The Land of Israel is surrounded by other countries on three sides. To the south, Israel borders Egypt. In ancient times, the eastern lands were dominated by the kingdoms of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Bashan, and Aram. In the northeast was Aram Naharaim, the land from which Avraham began his journey towards the Promised Land. As recorded in the books of Shmuel and Divrei Hayamim, David conducts battles and expands his kingdom to include the eastern bank of the Jordan River, where the tribes of Reuven, Gad and Menashe had settled hundreds of years earlier. This verse makes reference to some of the battles David fights against his neighbors.