Psalms 60
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1  For the Leader; upon Shushan Eduth; Michtam of David, to teach;

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל שׁוּשַׁן עֵדוּת מִכְתָּם לְדָוִד לְלַמֵּד.

2  when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and Yoav returned, and smote of Edom in the Valley of Salt twelve thousand.

b’-ha-tzo-TO et a-RAM na-ha-RA-yim v’-ET a-RAM tzo-VAH va-ya-SHOV yo-AV va-YAKH et e-DOM b’-GAY ME-lakh sh’-NAYM a-SAR A-lef

ב  בְּהַצּוֹתוֹ אֶת אֲרַם נַהֲרַיִם וְאֶת אֲרַם צוֹבָה וַיָּשָׁב יוֹאָב וַיַּךְ אֶת אֱדוֹם בְּגֵיא מֶלַח שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אָלֶף.

60:2   When he strove with Aram-naharaim… and smote of Edom in the Valley of Salt

As king of Israel, David has to contend with neighboring countries, sometimes as allies but often as enemies. The Land of Israel is surrounded by other countries on three sides. To the south, Israel borders Egypt. In ancient times, the eastern lands were dominated by the kingdoms of Edom, Moab, Amon, Bashan, Aram, and in the northeast was Aram Naharaim. Aram Naharim is the land from which Abraham began his journey towards the Promised Land. As recorded in the books of Samuel and Chronicles, David conducts battles and expands his kingdom to include the eastern bank of the Jordan River, where the tribes of Reuben, Gad and Menashe settled hundreds of years earlier. This verse makes reference to some of the battles David fights with his neighbors.

Comment

3  O God, Thou hast cast us off, Thou hast broken us down; Thou hast been angry; O restore us.

ג  אֱלֹהִים זְנַחְתָּנוּ פְרַצְתָּנוּ אָנַפְתָּ תְּשׁוֹבֵב לָנוּ.

4  Thou hast made the land to shake, Thou hast cleft it; heal the breaches thereof; for it tottereth.

ד  הִרְעַשְׁתָּה אֶרֶץ פְּצַמְתָּהּ רְפָה שְׁבָרֶיהָ כִי מָטָה.

5  Thou hast made Thy people to see hard things; Thou hast made us to drink the wine of staggering.

ה  הִרְאִיתָ עַמְּךָ קָשָׁה הִשְׁקִיתָנוּ יַיִן תַּרְעֵלָה.

6  Thou hast given a banner to them that fear Thee, that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah

ו  נָתַתָּה לִּירֵאֶיךָ נֵּס לְהִתְנוֹסֵס מִפְּנֵי קֹשֶׁט סֶלָה.

7  That Thy beloved may be delivered, save with Thy right hand, and answer me.

ז  לְמַעַן יֵחָלְצוּן יְדִידֶיךָ הוֹשִׁיעָה יְמִינְךָ ועננו (וַעֲנֵנִי).

8  God spoke in His holiness, that I would exult; that I would divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.

ח  אֱלֹהִים דִּבֶּר בְּקָדְשׁוֹ אֶעְלֹזָה אֲחַלְּקָה שְׁכֶם וְעֵמֶק סֻכּוֹת אֲמַדֵּד.

9  Gilad is mine, and Menashe is mine; Efraim also is the defence of my head; Yehuda is my sceptre.

ט  לִי גִלְעָד וְלִי מְנַשֶּׁה וְאֶפְרַיִם מָעוֹז רֹאשִׁי יְהוּדָה מְחֹקְקִי.

10  Moav is my washpot; upon Edom do I cast my shoe; Philistia, cry aloud because of me!

י  מוֹאָב סִיר רַחְצִי עַל אֱדוֹם אַשְׁלִיךְ נַעֲלִי עָלַי פְּלֶשֶׁת הִתְרוֹעָעִי.

11  Who will bring me into the fortified city? Who will lead me unto Edom?

יא  מִי יֹבִלֵנִי עִיר מָצוֹר מִי נָחַנִי עַד אֱדוֹם.

12  Hast not Thou, O God, cast us off? And Thou goest not forth, O God, with our hosts.

יב  הֲלֹא אַתָּה אֱלֹהִים זְנַחְתָּנוּ וְלֹא תֵצֵא אֱלֹהִים בְּצִבְאוֹתֵינוּ.

13  Give us help against the adversary; for vain is the help of man.

יג  הָבָה לָּנוּ עֶזְרָת מִצָּר וְשָׁוְא תְּשׁוּעַת אָדָם.

14  Through God we shall do valiantly; for He it is that will tread down our adversaries.

יד  בֵּאלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה חָיִל וְהוּא יָבוּס צָרֵינוּ.

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Psalms 59
Psalms 61

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Psalms 60