Psalms 60
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1  For the leader; on shushan eduth. A michtam of David (to be taught),

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל־שׁוּשַׁן עֵדוּת מִכְתָּם לְדָוִד לְלַמֵּד׃

2  when he fought with Aram-Naharaim and Aram-Zobah, and Yoav returned and defeated Edom—[an army] of twelve thousand men—in the Valley of Salt.

b’-ha-tzo-TO ET a-RAM na-ha-RA-yim v’-et a-RAM tzo-VAH va-YA-shov yo-AV va-YAKH et e-DOM b’-gay ME-lakh sh’-NAYM a-SAR A-lef

ב  בְּהַצּוֹתוֹ אֶת אֲרַם נַהֲרַיִם וְאֶת־אֲרַם צוֹבָה וַיָּשָׁב יוֹאָב וַיַּךְ אֶת־אֱדוֹם בְּגֵיא־מֶלַח שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אָלֶף׃

60:2   When he fought with AramNaharaim

As king of Israel, David has to contend with neighboring countries, sometimes as allies but often as enemies. The Land of Israel is surrounded by other countries on three sides. To the south, Israel borders Egypt. In ancient times, the eastern lands were dominated by the kingdoms of Edom, Moab, Ammon, Bashan, and Aram. In the northeast was Aram Naharaim, the land from which Avraham began his journey towards the Promised Land. As recorded in the books of Shmuel and Divrei Hayamim, David conducts battles and expands his kingdom to include the eastern bank of the Jordan River, where the tribes of Reuven, Gad and Menashe had settled hundreds of years earlier. This verse makes reference to some of the battles David fights against his neighbors.1 comment

3  O Hashem, You have rejected us, You have made a breach in us; You have been angry; restore us!

ג  אֱלֹהִים זְנַחְתָּנוּ פְרַצְתָּנוּ אָנַפְתָּ תְּשׁוֹבֵב לָנוּ׃

4  You have made the land quake; You have torn it open. Mend its fissures, for it is collapsing.

ד  הִרְעַשְׁתָּה אֶרֶץ פְּצַמְתָּהּ רְפָה שְׁבָרֶיהָ כִי־מָטָה׃

5  You have made Your people suffer hardship; You have given us wine that makes us reel.

ה  הִרְאִיתָה עַמְּךָ קָשָׁה הִשְׁקִיתָנוּ יַיִן תַּרְעֵלָה׃

6  Give those who fear You because of Your truth a banner for rallying. Selah.

ו  נָתַתָּה לִּירֵאֶיךָ נֵּס לְהִתְנוֹסֵס מִפְּנֵי קֹשֶׁט סֶלָה׃

7  That those whom You love might be rescued, deliver with Your right hand and answer me.

ז  לְמַעַן יֵחָלְצוּן יְדִידֶיךָ הוֹשִׁיעָה יְמִינְךָ ועננו [וַעֲנֵנִי׃]

8  Hashem promised in His sanctuary that I would exultingly divide up Shechem, and measure the Valley of Sukkoth;

ח  אֱלֹהִים דִּבֶּר בְּקָדְשׁוֹ אֶעְלֹזָה אֲחַלְּקָה שְׁכֶם וְעֵמֶק סֻכּוֹת אֲמַדֵּד׃

9  Gilad and Menashe would be mine, Efraim my chief stronghold, Yehuda my scepter;

ט  לִי גִלְעָד וְלִי מְנַשֶּׁה וְאֶפְרַיִם מָעוֹז רֹאשִׁי יְהוּדָה מְחֹקְקִי׃

10  Moab would be my washbasin; on Edom I would cast my shoe; acclaim me, O Philistia!

י  מוֹאָב סִיר רַחְצִי עַל־אֱדוֹם אַשְׁלִיךְ נַעֲלִי עָלַי פְּלֶשֶׁת הִתְרֹעָעִי׃

11  Would that I were brought to the bastion! Would that I were led to Edom!

יא  מִי יֹבִלֵנִי עִיר מָצוֹר מִי נָחַנִי עַד־אֱדוֹם׃

12  But You have rejected us, O Hashem; Hashem, You do not march with our armies.

יב  הֲלֹא־אַתָּה אֱלֹהִים זְנַחְתָּנוּ וְלֹא־תֵצֵא אֱלֹהִים בְּצִבְאוֹתֵינוּ׃

13  Grant us Your aid against the foe, for the help of man is worthless.

יג  הָבָה־לָּנוּ עֶזְרָת מִצָּר וְשָׁוְא תְּשׁוּעַת אָדָם׃

14  With Hashem we shall triumph; He will trample our foes.

יד  בֵּאלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה־חָיִל וְהוּא יָבוּס צָרֵינוּ׃

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Psalms 59
Psalms 61

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  • Lee Lanham

    Please help me understand verse 4? Was there a real physical banner that David made and gave to a soldier to hold up during the battle? I know King David was very creative artistic person among other things.
    Please help me understand this question. There is a physical banner and a Spiritual Banner. Jehova Nissi from Exodus, correct?

    Thank you kindly,

Psalms 60

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