1 For the Leader; upon Mahalath. Maschil of David.
א לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל מָחֲלַת מַשְׂכִּיל לְדָוִד.
2 The fool hath said in his heart: ‘There is no God’; they have dealt corruptly, and have done abominable iniquity; there is none that doeth good.
ב אָמַר נָבָל בְּלִבּוֹ אֵין אֱלֹהִים הִשְׁחִיתוּ וְהִתְעִיבוּ עָוֶל אֵין עֹשֵׂה טוֹב.
3 God looked forth from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any man of understanding, that did seek after God.
ג אֱלֹהִים מִשָּׁמַיִם הִשְׁקִיף עַל בְּנֵי אָדָם לִרְאוֹת הֲיֵשׁ מַשְׂכִּיל דֹּרֵשׁ אֶת אֱלֹהִים.
4 Every one of them is unclean, they are together become impure; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
ד כֻּלּוֹ סָג יַחְדָּו נֶאֱלָחוּ אֵין עֹשֵׂה טוֹב אֵין גַּם אֶחָד.
5 ‘Shall not the workers of iniquity know it, who eat up My people as they eat bread, and call not upon God?’
ה הֲלֹא יָדְעוּ פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן אֹכְלֵי עַמִּי אָכְלוּ לֶחֶם אֱלֹהִים לֹא קָרָאוּ.
6 There are they in great fear, where no fear was; for God hath scattered the bones of him that encampeth against thee; Thou hast put them to shame, because God hath rejected them.
ו שָׁם פָּחֲדוּ פַחַד לֹא הָיָה פָחַד כִּי אֱלֹהִים פִּזַּר עַצְמוֹת חֹנָךְ הֱבִשֹׁתָה כִּי אֱלֹהִים מְאָסָם.
53:7 The captivity of His people
In the first years after Israel’s independence, close to 700,000 Jews moved to Israel, many survivors of the Holocaust looking to build a new life in God’s Promised Land. To accommodate the staggering numbers, the Jewish Agency, under the leadership of future Prime Minister Levi Eshkol, built absorption settlements throughout the country. One was appropriately named ‘shvut am’ the return of God’s people, taken from Psalm 53. The words in this verse “shvut amo,” can either be translated as “the captivity of His people,” as they are here, or the return of His people. Over the course of a few years, over 100,000 new immigrants lived in Shvut Am, and from there went on to build Israel’s future. Indeed, when salvation came to Israel with the return of the captivity, Israel did rejoice.