2 Hear this, all you peoples; give ear, all inhabitants of the world,
ב שִׁמְעוּ־זֹאת כָּל־הָעַמִּים הַאֲזִינוּ כָּל־יֹשְׁבֵי חָלֶד׃
3 men of all estates, rich and poor alike.
ג גַּם־בְּנֵי אָדָם גַּם־בְּנֵי־אִישׁ יַחַד עָשִׁיר וְאֶבְיוֹן׃
4 My mouth utters wisdom, my speech is full of insight.
ד פִּי יְדַבֵּר חָכְמוֹת וְהָגוּת לִבִּי תְבוּנוֹת׃
5 I will turn my attention to a theme, set forth my lesson to the music of a lyre.
ה אַטֶּה לְמָשָׁל אָזְנִי אֶפְתַּח בְּכִנּוֹר חִידָתִי׃
6 In time of trouble, why should I fear the encompassing evil of those who would supplant me—
ו לָמָּה אִירָא בִּימֵי רָע עֲוֺן עֲקֵבַי יְסוּבֵּנִי׃
7 men who trust in their riches, who glory in their great wealth?
ז הַבֹּטְחִים עַל־חֵילָם וּבְרֹב עָשְׁרָם יִתְהַלָּלוּ׃
8 Ah, it cannot redeem a man, or pay his ransom to Hashem;
ח אָח לֹא־פָדֹה יִפְדֶּה אִישׁ לֹא־יִתֵּן לֵאלֹהִים כָּפְרוֹ׃
9 the price of life is too high; and so one ceases to be, forever.
ט וְיֵקַר פִּדְיוֹן נַפְשָׁם וְחָדַל לְעוֹלָם׃
10 Shall he live eternally, and never see the grave?
י וִיחִי־עוֹד לָנֶצַח לֹא יִרְאֶה הַשָּׁחַת׃
11 For one sees that the wise die, that the foolish and ignorant both perish, leaving their wealth to others.
יא כִּי יִרְאֶה חֲכָמִים יָמוּתוּ יַחַד כְּסִיל וָבַעַר יֹאבֵדוּ וְעָזְבוּ לַאֲחֵרִים חֵילָם׃
12 Their grave is their eternal home, the dwelling-place for all generations of those once famous on earth.
יב קִרְבָּם בָּתֵּימוֹ לְעוֹלָם מִשְׁכְּנֹתָם לְדֹר וָדֹר קָרְאוּ בִשְׁמוֹתָם עֲלֵי אֲדָמוֹת׃
13 Man does not abide in honor; he is like the beasts that perish.
יג וְאָדָם בִּיקָר בַּל־יָלִין נִמְשַׁל כַּבְּהֵמוֹת נִדְמוּ׃
14 Such is the fate of those who are self-confident, the end of those pleased with their own talk. Selah.
יד זֶה דַרְכָּם כֵּסֶל לָמוֹ וְאַחֲרֵיהֶם בְּפִיהֶם יִרְצוּ סֶלָה׃
15 Sheeplike they head for Sheol, with Death as their shepherd. The upright shall rule over them at daybreak, and their form shall waste away in Sheol till its nobility be gone.
טו כַּצֹּאן לִשְׁאוֹל שַׁתּוּ מָוֶת יִרְעֵם וַיִּרְדּוּ בָם יְשָׁרִים לַבֹּקֶר וצירם [וְצוּרָם] לְבַלּוֹת שְׁאוֹל מִזְּבֻל לוֹ׃
16 But Hashem will redeem my life from the clutches of Sheol, for He will take me.Selah.
טז אַךְ־אֱלֹהִים יִפְדֶּה נַפְשִׁי מִיַּד־שְׁאוֹל כִּי יִקָּחֵנִי סֶלָה׃
17 Do not be afraid when a man becomes rich, when his household goods increase;
יז אַל־תִּירָא כִּי־יַעֲשִׁר אִישׁ כִּי־יִרְבֶּה כְּבוֹד בֵּיתוֹ׃
18 for when he dies he can take none of it along; his goods cannot follow him down.
KEE LO b’-mo-TO yi-KAKH ha-KOL lo yay-RAYD a-kha-RAV k’-vo-DO
יח כִּי לֹא בְמוֹתוֹ יִקַּח הַכֹּל לֹא־יֵרֵד אַחֲרָיו כְּבוֹדוֹ׃
49:18 His goods cannot follow him down
The Bible relates that after Shlomo becomes king of Israel, he has a dream. In his dream, Hashem appears and offers to grant him one wish. Instead of requesting wealth or long life, Shlomo humbly asks for wisdom so that he can properly judge the people. God is pleased with his decision, and rewards him not only with wisdom, but with wealth and honor as well. Upon waking the next morning, he comes to Yerushalayim and offers sacrifices, expressing his gratitude to the Lord (I Kings 3:5-14). In making his request, Shlomo demonstrates that he understands the message of this verse: Those things that most people chase, wealth and fortune, are the most fleeting.1 comment
19 Though he congratulates himself in his lifetime —“They must admit that you did well by yourself”—
יט כִּי־נַפְשׁוֹ בְּחַיָּיו יְבָרֵךְ וְיוֹדֻךָ כִּי־תֵיטִיב לָךְ׃
20 yet he must join the company of his ancestors, who will never see daylight again.
כ תָּבוֹא עַד־דּוֹר אֲבוֹתָיו עַד־נֵצַח לֹא יִרְאוּ־אוֹר׃
21 Man does not understand honor; he is like the beasts that perish.
כא אָדָם בִּיקָר וְלֹא יָבִין נִמְשַׁל כַּבְּהֵמוֹת נִדְמוּ׃