8 You love righteousness and hate wickedness; rightly has Hashem, your God, chosen to anoint you with oil of gladness over all your peers.
a-HAV-ta TZE-dek va-tis-NA RE-sha al KAYN m’-sha-kha-KHA e-lo-HEEM e-lo-HE-kha SHE-men sa-SON may-kha-vay-RE-kha
ח אָהַבְתָּ צֶּדֶק וַתִּשְׂנָא רֶשַׁע עַל־כֵּן מְשָׁחֲךָ אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֶיךָ שֶׁמֶן שָׂשׂוֹן מֵחֲבֵרֶיךָ׃
45:8 Oil of gladness
Throughout Israel one will find ancient olive presses made by Canaanites, Israelites, Hellenists and others, and many from the Byzantine era. Olive oil is heralded in the Bible as one of the great agricultural products of the Land of Israel (Deuteronomy 8:8), and there is a special commandment to use oil made of olives, with additional ingredients such as myrrh and cinnamon (Exodus 30:22-25), to anoint kings, priests and the holy vessels of the Mishkan and Beit Hamikdash. The psalmist praises the king who is chosen by God and anointed with Israel-grown olive oil, bringing joy to all.