Psalms 45
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1  For the leader; on shoshannim. Of the Korahites. A maskil. A love song.

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל־שֹׁשַׁנִּים לִבְנֵי־קֹרַח מַשְׂכִּיל שִׁיר יְדִידֹת׃

2  My heart is astir with gracious words; I speak my poem to a king; my tongue is the pen of an expert scribe.

ב  רָחַשׁ לִבִּי דָּבָר טוֹב אֹמֵר אָנִי מַעֲשַׂי לְמֶלֶךְ לְשׁוֹנִי עֵט סוֹפֵר מָהִיר׃

3  You are fairer than all men; your speech is endowed with grace; rightly has Hashem given you an eternal blessing.

ג  יָפְיָפִיתָ מִבְּנֵי אָדָם הוּצַק חֵן בְּשְׂפְתוֹתֶיךָ עַל־כֵּן בֵּרַכְךָ אֱלֹהִים לְעוֹלָם׃

4  Gird your sword upon your thigh, O hero, in your splendor and glory;

ד  חֲגוֹר־חַרְבְּךָ עַל־יָרֵךְ גִּבּוֹר הוֹדְךָ וַהֲדָרֶךָ׃

5  in your glory, win success; ride on in the cause of truth and meekness and right; and let your right hand lead you to awesome deeds.

ה  וַהֲדָרְךָ צְלַח רְכַב עַל־דְּבַר־אֱמֶת וְעַנְוָה־צֶדֶק וְתוֹרְךָ נוֹרָאוֹת יְמִינֶךָ׃

6  Your arrows, sharpened, [pierce] the breast of the king’s enemies; peoples fall at your feet.*

ו  חִצֶּיךָ שְׁנוּנִים עַמִּים תַּחְתֶּיךָ יִפְּלוּ בְּלֵב אוֹיְבֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ׃

7  Your divine throne is everlasting; your royal scepter is a scepter of equity.

ז  כִּסְאֲךָ אֱלֹהִים עוֹלָם וָעֶד שֵׁבֶט מִישֹׁר שֵׁבֶט מַלְכוּתֶךָ׃

8  You love righteousness and hate wickedness; rightly has Hashem, your God, chosen to anoint you with oil of gladness over all your peers.

a-HAV-ta TZE-dek va-tis-NA RE-sha al KAYN m’-sha-kha-KHA e-lo-HEEM e-lo-HE-kha SHE-men sa-SON may-kha-vay-RE-kha

ח  אָהַבְתָּ צֶּדֶק וַתִּשְׂנָא רֶשַׁע עַל־כֵּן מְשָׁחֲךָ אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֶיךָ שֶׁמֶן שָׂשׂוֹן מֵחֲבֵרֶיךָ׃

45:8   Oil of gladness

Throughout Israel one will find ancient olive presses made by Canaanites, Israelites, Hellenists and others, and many from the Byzantine era. Olive oil is heralded in the Bible as one of the great agricultural products of the Land of Israel (Deuteronomy 8:8), and there is a special commandment to use oil made of olives, with additional ingredients such as myrrh and cinnamon (Exodus 30:22-25), to anoint kings, priests and the holy vessels of the Mishkan and Beit Hamikdash. The psalmist praises the king who is chosen by God and anointed with Israel-grown olive oil, bringing joy to all.2 comments

9  All your robes [are fragrant] with myrrh and aloes and cassia; from ivoried palaces lutes entertain you.

ט  מֹר־וַאֲהָלוֹת קְצִיעוֹת כָּל־בִּגְדֹתֶיךָ מִן־הֵיכְלֵי שֵׁן מִנִּי שִׂמְּחוּךָ׃

10  Royal princesses are your favorites; the consort stands at your right hand, decked in gold of Ophir.

י  בְּנוֹת מְלָכִים בְּיִקְּרוֹתֶיךָ נִצְּבָה שֵׁגַל לִימִינְךָ בְּכֶתֶם אוֹפִיר׃

11  Take heed, lass, and note, incline your ear: forget your people and your father’s house,

יא  שִׁמְעִי־בַת וּרְאִי וְהַטִּי אָזְנֵךְ וְשִׁכְחִי עַמֵּךְ וּבֵית אָבִיךְ׃

12  and let the king be aroused by your beauty; since he is your lord, bow to him.

יב  וְיִתְאָו הַמֶּלֶךְ יָפְיֵךְ כִּי־הוּא אֲדֹנַיִךְ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲוִי־לוֹ׃

13  O Tyrian lass, the wealthiest people will court your favor with gifts,

יג  וּבַת־צֹר בְּמִנְחָה פָּנַיִךְ יְחַלּוּ עֲשִׁירֵי עָם׃

14  goods of all sorts. The royal princess, her dress embroidered with golden mountings,

יד  כָּל־כְּבוּדָּה בַת־מֶלֶךְ פְּנִימָה מִמִּשְׁבְּצוֹת זָהָב לְבוּשָׁהּ׃

15  is led inside to the king; maidens in her train, her companions, are presented to you.

טו  לִרְקָמוֹת תּוּבַל לַמֶּלֶךְ בְּתוּלוֹת אַחֲרֶיהָ רֵעוֹתֶיהָ מוּבָאוֹת לָךְ׃

16  They are led in with joy and gladness; they enter the palace of the king.

טז  תּוּבַלְנָה בִּשְׂמָחֹת וָגִיל תְּבֹאֶינָה בְּהֵיכַל מֶלֶךְ׃

17  Your sons will succeed your ancestors; you will appoint them princes throughout the land.

יז  תַּחַת אֲבֹתֶיךָ יִהְיוּ בָנֶיךָ תְּשִׁיתֵמוֹ לְשָׂרִים בְּכָל־הָאָרֶץ׃

18  I commemorate your fame for all generations, so peoples will praise you forever and ever.

יח  אַזְכִּירָה שִׁמְךָ בְּכָל־דֹּר וָדֹר עַל־כֵּן עַמִּים יְהוֹדֻךָ לְעֹלָם וָעֶד׃

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Psalms 44
Psalms 46

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Psalms 45

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