Psalms 45
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  For the Leader; upon Shoshannim; [a Psalm] of the sons of Korach. Maschil. A Song of loves.

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל שֹׁשַׁנִּים לִבְנֵי קֹרַח מַשְׂכִּיל שִׁיר יְדִידֹת.

2  My heart overfloweth with a goodly matter; I say: ‘My work is concerning a king’; my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

ב  רָחַשׁ לִבִּי דָּבָר טוֹב אֹמֵר אָנִי מַעֲשַׂי לְמֶלֶךְ לְשׁוֹנִי עֵט סוֹפֵר מָהִיר.

3  Thou art fairer than the children of men; grace is poured upon thy lips; therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.

ג  יָפְיָפִיתָ מִבְּנֵי אָדָם הוּצַק חֵן בְּשִׂפְתוֹתֶיךָ עַל כֵּן בֵּרַכְךָ אֱלֹהִים לְעוֹלָם.

4  Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O mighty one, thy glory and thy majesty.

ד  חֲגוֹר חַרְבְּךָ עַל יָרֵךְ גִּבּוֹר הוֹדְךָ וַהֲדָרֶךָ.

5  And in thy majesty prosper, ride on, in behalf of truth and meekness and righteousness; and let thy right hand teach thee tremendous things.

ה  וַהֲדָרְךָ צְלַח רְכַב עַל דְּבַר אֱמֶת וְעַנְוָה צֶדֶק וְתוֹרְךָ נוֹרָאוֹת יְמִינֶךָ.

6  Thine arrows are sharp–the peoples fall under thee–[they sink] into the heart of the king’s enemies.

ו  חִצֶּיךָ שְׁנוּנִים עַמִּים תַּחְתֶּיךָ יִפְּלוּ בְּלֵב אוֹיְבֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ.

7  Thy throne given of God is for ever and ever; a sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

ז  כִּסְאֲךָ אֱלֹהִים עוֹלָם וָעֶד שֵׁבֶט מִישֹׁר שֵׁבֶט מַלְכוּתֶךָ.

8  Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness; therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

a-HAV-ta TZE-dek va-tis-NA RE-sha al kayn m’-sha-kha-KHA e-lo-HEEM e-lo-HE-kha SHE-men sa-SON may-kha-vay-RE-kha

ח  אָהַבְתָּ צֶּדֶק וַתִּשְׂנָא רֶשַׁע עַל כֵּן מְשָׁחֲךָ אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֶיךָ שֶׁמֶן שָׂשׂוֹן מֵחֲבֵרֶךָ.

45:8   The oil of gladness

Throughout Israel one will find ancient olive presses made by Canaanites, Israelites and Hellenists, and many from the Byzantine era. Olive oil is heralded in the Bible (Deuteronomy 8,8) as one of the great agricultural products of the Land of Israel, and there is a special commandment to use oil made of olives, with additional ingredients such as myrrh, cinnamon, cassia and kidah, to anoint kings, priests and the holy vessels of the Tabernacle and Temple. The psalmist praises the king who is chosen by God and anointed with Israel-grown olive oil, bringing joy to all.


9  Myrrh, and aloes, and cassia are all thy garments; out of ivory palaces stringed instruments have made thee glad.

ט  מֹר וַאֲהָלוֹת קְצִיעוֹת כָּל בִּגְדֹתֶיךָ מִן הֵיכְלֵי שֵׁן מִנִּי שִׂמְּחוּךָ.

10  Kings’ daughters are among thy favourites; at thy right hand doth stand the queen in gold of Ophir.

י  בְּנוֹת מְלָכִים בְּיִקְּרוֹתֶיךָ נִצְּבָה שֵׁגַל לִימִינְךָ בְּכֶתֶם אוֹפִיר.

11  ‘Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father’s house;

יא  שִׁמְעִי בַת וּרְאִי וְהַטִּי אָזְנֵךְ וְשִׁכְחִי עַמֵּךְ וּבֵית אָבִיךְ.

12  So shall the king desire thy beauty; for he is thy lord; and do homage unto him.

יב  וְיִתְאָו הַמֶּלֶךְ יָפְיֵךְ כִּי הוּא אֲדֹנַיִךְ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲוִי לוֹ.

13  And, O daughter of Tyre, the richest of the people shall entreat thy favour with a gift.’

יג  וּבַת צֹר בְּמִנְחָה פָּנַיִךְ יְחַלּוּ עֲשִׁירֵי עָם.

14  All glorious is the king’s daughter within the palace; her raiment is of chequer work inwrought with gold.

יד  כָּל כְּבוּדָּה בַת מֶלֶךְ פְּנִימָה מִמִּשְׁבְּצוֹת זָהָב לְבוּשָׁהּ.

15  She shall be led unto the king on richly woven stuff; the virgins her companions in her train being brought unto thee.

טו  לִרְקָמוֹת תּוּבַל לַמֶּלֶךְ בְּתוּלוֹת אַחֲרֶיהָ רֵעוֹתֶיהָ מוּבָאוֹת לָךְ.

16  They shall be led with gladness and rejoicing; they shall enter into the king’s palace.

טז  תּוּבַלְנָה בִּשְׂמָחֹת וָגִיל תְּבֹאֶינָה בְּהֵיכַל מֶלֶךְ.

17  Instead of thy fathers shall be thy sons, whom thou shalt make princes in all the land.

יז  תַּחַת אֲבֹתֶיךָ יִהְיוּ בָנֶיךָ תְּשִׁיתֵמוֹ לְשָׂרִים בְּכָל הָאָרֶץ.

18  I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations; therefore shall the peoples praise thee for ever and ever.

יח  אַזְכִּירָה שִׁמְךָ בְּכָל דֹּר וָדֹר עַל כֵּן עַמִּים יְהוֹדוּךָ לְעֹלָם וָעֶד.

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Psalms 44
Psalms 46

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Psalms 45