1 For the leader; for Yedutun. A psalm of David.
א לַמְנַצֵּחַ לידיתון [לִידוּתוּן] מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד׃
2 I resolved I would watch my step lest I offend by my speech; I would keep my mouth muzzled while the wicked man was in my presence.
a-MAR-tee esh-m’-RAH d’-ra-KHAI may-kha-TO vil-sho-NEE esh-m’-RAH l’-FEE makh-SOM b’-OD ra-SHA l’-neg-DEE
ב אָמַרְתִּי אֶשְׁמְרָה דְרָכַי מֵחֲטוֹא בִלְשׁוֹנִי אֶשְׁמְרָה לְפִי מַחְסוֹם בְּעֹד רָשָׁע לְנֶגְדִּי׃
39:2 Lest I offend by my speech
The Sages of the Talmud ask (Yoma 9b) why the second Beit Hamikdash was destroyed if there were plenty of people studying the Torah, following Hashem’s commandments and performing acts of kindness for others. They answer that it was because people spoke ill of each other due to baseless hatred. This teaches that such animosity and foul-mouthed behavior is worse than idolatry, sexual immorality and murder, which are the reasons given for the destruction of the first Beit Hamikdash. The Sages then ask, was there no slander or baseless hatred among the people in the first Temple period? They answer that, in fact, there was, but those who lived during the first Beit Hamikdash were open with their bitter feelings, thus their punishment was shorter. During the second Beit Hamikdash, the people hid their resentments, secretly slandering and speaking hate, and therefore their exile lasted much longer.2 comments
3 I was dumb, silent; I was very still while my pain was intense.
ג נֶאֱלַמְתִּי דוּמִיָּה הֶחֱשֵׁיתִי מִטּוֹב וּכְאֵבִי נֶעְכָּר׃
4 My mind was in a rage, my thoughts were all aflame; I spoke out:
ד חַם־לִבִּי בְּקִרְבִּי בַּהֲגִיגִי תִבְעַר־אֵשׁ דִּבַּרְתִּי בִּלְשׁוֹנִי׃
5 Tell me, Hashem, what my term is, what is the measure of my days; I would know how fleeting my life is.
ה הוֹדִיעֵנִי יְהֹוָה קִצִּי וּמִדַּת יָמַי מַה־הִיא אֵדְעָה מֶה־חָדֵל אָנִי׃
6 You have made my life just handbreadths long; its span is as nothing in Your sight; no man endures any longer than a breath. Selah.
7 Man walks about as a mere shadow; mere futility is his hustle and bustle, amassing and not knowing who will gather in.
ז אַךְ־בְּצֶלֶם יִתְהַלֶּךְ־אִישׁ אַךְ־הֶבֶל יֶהֱמָיוּן יִצְבֹּר וְלֹא־יֵדַע מִי־אֹסְפָם׃
8 What, then, can I count on, O Hashem? In You my hope lies.
ח וְעַתָּה מַה־קִּוִּיתִי אֲדֹנָי תּוֹחַלְתִּי לְךָ הִיא׃
9 Deliver me from all my transgressions; make me not the butt of the benighted.
ט מִכָּל־פְּשָׁעַי הַצִּילֵנִי חֶרְפַּת נָבָל אַל־תְּשִׂימֵנִי׃
10 I am dumb, I do not speak up, for it is Your doing.
י נֶאֱלַמְתִּי לֹא אֶפְתַּח־פִּי כִּי אַתָּה עָשִׂיתָ׃
11 Take away Your plague from me; I perish from Your blows.
יא הָסֵר מֵעָלַי נִגְעֶךָ מִתִּגְרַת יָדְךָ אֲנִי כָלִיתִי׃
12 You chastise a man in punishment for his sin, consuming like a moth what he treasures. No man is more than a breath. Selah.
13 Hear my prayer, Hashem; give ear to my cry; do not disregard my tears; for like all my forebears I am an alien, resident with You.
יג שִׁמְעָה־תְפִלָּתִי יְהֹוָה וְשַׁוְעָתִי הַאֲזִינָה אֶל־דִּמְעָתִי אַל־תֶּחֱרַשׁ כִּי גֵר אָנֹכִי עִמָּךְ תּוֹשָׁב כְּכָל־אֲבוֹתָי׃
14 Look away from me, that I may recover, before I pass away and am gone.
יד הָשַׁע מִמֶּנִּי וְאַבְלִיגָה בְּטֶרֶם אֵלֵךְ וְאֵינֶנִּי׃