א מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד בְּבָרְחוֹ מִפְּנֵי אַבְשָׁלוֹם בְּנוֹ.
3:1 When he fled from Avshalom his son
David writes his psalms, his darkest fears and greatest expressions of gratitude to God, during the tumultuous times in his life. As a punishment for sinning with Bathsheba, David is warned that the Lord will “raise up evil against thee out of thine own house” (II Samuel 12:11). A few years later, David finds himself driven out of his own kingdom by his son Absalom. As he ascends the Mount of Olives crying and downtrodden (II Samuel 15:30), he turns to God in pain and suffering and calls out with this psalm. After the destruction of the Second Temple, a custom emerged to make a pilgrimage to the Mount of Olives on the ninth day of the Hebrew month of Av, the day which commemorates the destruction of the Temple. The purpose was to gaze upon the Temple Mount and cry, just as David had ascended the Mount of Olives and cried. In the modern State of Israel, while we still mourn the loss of the Temple we rejoice over the return to Jerusalem and its surrounding mountains.
2 Hashem, how many are mine adversaries become! Many are they that rise up against me.
ב יְהוָה מָה רַבּוּ צָרָי רַבִּים קָמִים עָלָי.
3 Many there are that say of my soul: ‘There is no salvation for him in God.’ Selah
ג רַבִּים אֹמְרִים לְנַפְשִׁי אֵין יְשׁוּעָתָה לּוֹ בֵאלֹהִים סֶלָה.
4 But thou, O Hashem, art a shield about me; my glory, and the lifter up of my head.
ד וְאַתָּה יְהוָה מָגֵן בַּעֲדִי כְּבוֹדִי וּמֵרִים רֹאשִׁי.
5 With my voice I call unto Hashem, and He answereth me out of His holy mountain. Selah
ה קוֹלִי אֶל יְהוָה אֶקְרָא וַיַּעֲנֵנִי מֵהַר קָדְשׁוֹ סֶלָה.
6 I lay me down, and I sleep; I awake, for Hashem sustaineth me.
ו אֲנִי שָׁכַבְתִּי וָאִישָׁנָה הֱקִיצוֹתִי כִּי יְהוָה יִסְמְכֵנִי.
7 I am not afraid of ten thousands of people, that have set themselves against me round about.
ז לֹא אִירָא מֵרִבְבוֹת עָם אֲשֶׁר סָבִיב שָׁתוּ עָלָי.
8 Arise, O Hashem; save me, O my God; for Thou hast smitten all mine enemies upon the cheek, Thou hast broken the teeth of the wicked.
ח קוּמָה יְהוָה הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי אֱלֹהַי כִּי הִכִּיתָ אֶת כָּל אֹיְבַי לֶחִי שִׁנֵּי רְשָׁעִים שִׁבַּרְתָּ.
9 Salvation belongeth unto Hashem; Thy blessing be upon Thy people. Selah
ט לַיהוָה הַיְשׁוּעָה עַל עַמְּךָ בִרְכָתֶךָ סֶּלָה.