א מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד בְּבָרְחוֹ מִפְּנֵי אַבְשָׁלוֹם בְּנוֹ׃
3:1 When he fled from his son Avshalom
David writes his psalms, expressing both his darkest fears and his greatest expressions of gratitude to God, during the tumultuous times in his life. As punishment for sinning with Batsheva, David is warned that the Lord will “make a calamity rise against you from within your own house” (II Samuel 12:11). A few years later, David finds himself driven out of his capital city by his son Avshalom. As he ascends Har HaZeitim crying and downtrodden (II Samuel 15:30), he turns to Hashem in pain and suffering and calls out with this psalm. After the destruction of the Second Beit Hamikdash, a custom emerged to make a pilgrimage to Har HaZeitim on the ninth day of the Hebrew month of Av, the day which commemorates the destruction of the Temple. The purpose was to gaze upon Har Habayit and cry, just as David had ascended Har HaZeitim and cried. In the modern State of Israel, while we still mourn the loss of the Beit Hamikdash, we are privileged to be able to rejoice over the return to Jerusalem and its surrounding mountains.2 comments
2 Hashem, my foes are so many! Many are those who attack me;
ב יְהוָה מָה־רַבּוּ צָרָי רַבִּים קָמִים עָלָי׃
3 many say of me, “There is no deliverance for him through Hashem.”Selah.
ג רַבִּים אֹמְרִים לְנַפְשִׁי אֵין יְשׁוּעָתָה לּוֹ בֵאלֹהִים סֶלָה׃
4 But You, Hashem, are a shield about me, my glory, He who holds my head high.
ד וְאַתָּה יְהוָה מָגֵן בַּעֲדִי כְּבוֹדִי וּמֵרִים רֹאשִׁי׃
5 I cry aloud to Hashem, and He answers me from His holy mountain. Selah.
ה קוֹלִי אֶל־יְהוָה אֶקְרָא וַיַּעֲנֵנִי מֵהַר קָדְשׁוֹ סֶלָה׃
6 I lie down and sleep and wake again, for Hashem sustains me.
ו אֲנִי שָׁכַבְתִּי וָאִישָׁנָה הֱקִיצוֹתִי כִּי יְהוָה יִסְמְכֵנִי׃
7 I have no fear of the myriad forces arrayed against me on every side.
ז לֹא־אִירָא מֵרִבְבוֹת עָם אֲשֶׁר סָבִיב שָׁתוּ עָלָי׃
8 Rise, Hashem! Deliver me, O my God! For You slap all my enemies in the face; You break the teeth of the wicked.
ח קוּמָה יְהוָה הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי אֱלֹהַי כִּי־הִכִּיתָ אֶת־כָּל־אֹיְבַי לֶחִי שִׁנֵּי רְשָׁעִים שִׁבַּרְתָּ׃
9 Deliverance is Hashem’s; Your blessing be upon Your people!Selah.
ט לַיהוָה הַיְשׁוּעָה עַל־עַמְּךָ בִרְכָתֶךָ סֶּלָה׃