Psalms 19
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1  For the leader. A psalm of David.

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד׃

2  The heavens declare the glory of Hashem, the sky proclaims His handiwork.

ב  הַשָּׁמַיִם מְסַפְּרִים כְּבוֹד־אֵל וּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדָיו מַגִּיד הָרָקִיעַ׃

3  Day to day makes utterance, night to night speaks out.

ג  יוֹם לְיוֹם יַבִּיעַ אֹמֶר וְלַיְלָה לְּלַיְלָה יְחַוֶּה־דָּעַת׃

4  There is no utterance, there are no words, whose sound goes unheard.

ד  אֵין־אֹמֶר וְאֵין דְּבָרִים בְּלִי נִשְׁמָע קוֹלָם׃

5  Their voice carries throughout the earth, their words to the end of the world. He placed in them a tent for the sun,

ה  בְּכָל־הָאָרֶץ יָצָא קַוָּם וּבִקְצֵה תֵבֵל מִלֵּיהֶם לַשֶּׁמֶשׁ שָׂם־אֹהֶל בָּהֶם׃

6  who is like a groom coming forth from the chamber, like a hero, eager to run his course.

v’-HU k’-kha-TAN yo-TZAY may-khu-pa-TO ya-SEES k’-gi-BOR la-RUTZ O-rakh

ו  וְהוּא כְּחָתָן יֹצֵא מֵחֻפָּתוֹ יָשִׂישׂ כְּגִבּוֹר לָרוּץ אֹרַח׃

 19:6   Who is like a groom coming forth from the chamber

The psalm begins with a description of nature praising Hashem. The king of nature, the sun, is portrayed as a glorious symbol of God’s magnificence on this earth, described as “a groom coming forth from the chamber.” The rising of the sun is also seen as a metaphor for the redemption of the Jewish people. The Jerusalem Talmud (Berachot 1:1) relates a story of two righteous rabbinic scholars, Rabbi Hiyya and Rabbi Shimon, walking in the Arbel Valley in the Lower Galilee, in the early hours of the morning. As the first rays of dawn appeared, Rabbi Hiyya remarked to Rabbi Shimon that this is how the redemption of Israel will take place. At first it comes very slowly, but as it progresses, its light increases. This lesson is important to keep in mind when we look critically at current events or the imperfect political reality confronting Israel, both domestically and internationally. The redemption of Israel is coming. It develops slowly, but surely.1 comment

7  His rising-place is at one end of heaven, and his circuit reaches the other; nothing escapes his heat.

ז  מִקְצֵה הַשָּׁמַיִם מוֹצָאוֹ וּתְקוּפָתוֹ עַל־קְצוֹתָם וְאֵין נִסְתָּר מֵחַמָּתוֹ׃

8  The teaching of Hashem is perfect, renewing life; the decrees of Hashem are enduring, making the simple wise;

ח  תּוֹרַת יְהֹוָה תְּמִימָה מְשִׁיבַת נָפֶשׁ עֵדוּת יְהֹוָה נֶאֱמָנָה מַחְכִּימַת פֶּתִי׃

9  The precepts of Hashem are just, rejoicing the heart; the instruction of Hashem is lucid, making the eyes light up.

ט  פִּקּוּדֵי יְהֹוָה יְשָׁרִים מְשַׂמְּחֵי־לֵב מִצְוַת יְהֹוָה בָּרָה מְאִירַת עֵינָיִם׃

10  The fear of Hashem is pure, abiding forever; the judgments of Hashem are true, righteous altogether,

י  יִרְאַת יְהֹוָה טְהוֹרָה עוֹמֶדֶת לָעַד מִשְׁפְּטֵי־יְהֹוָה אֱמֶת צָדְקוּ יַחְדָּו׃

11  more desirable than gold, than much fine gold; sweeter than honey, than drippings of the comb.

יא  הַנֶּחֱמָדִים מִזָּהָב וּמִפַּז רָב וּמְתוּקִים מִדְּבַשׁ וְנֹפֶת צוּפִים׃

12  Your servant pays them heed; in obeying them there is much reward.

יב  גַּם־עַבְדְּךָ נִזְהָר בָּהֶם בְּשָׁמְרָם עֵקֶב רָב׃

13  Who can be aware of errors? Clear me of unperceived guilt,

יג  שְׁגִיאוֹת מִי־יָבִין מִנִּסְתָּרוֹת נַקֵּנִי׃

14  and from willful sins keep Your servant; let them not dominate me; then shall I be blameless and clear of grave offense.

יד  גַּם מִזֵּדִים חֲשֹׂךְ עַבְדֶּךָ אַל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִי אָז אֵיתָם וְנִקֵּיתִי מִפֶּשַׁע רָב׃

15  May the words of my mouth and the prayer of my heart be acceptable to You, Hashem, my rock and my redeemer.

טו  יִהְיוּ לְרָצוֹן אִמְרֵי־פִי וְהֶגְיוֹן לִבִּי לְפָנֶיךָ יְהֹוָה צוּרִי וְגֹאֲלִי׃

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Psalms 18
Psalms 20

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Psalms 19

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