Psalms 138:1
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1  Of David. I praise You with all my heart, sing a hymn to You before the divine beings;

l’-da-VID o-d’-KHA v’-khol li-BEE NE-ged e-lo-HEEM a-za-m’-RE-ka

א  לְדָוִד אוֹדְךָ בְכָל־לִבִּי נֶגֶד אֱלֹהִים אֲזַמְּרֶךָּ׃

 138:1   Sing a hymn to You before the divine beings

King David begins this psalm by declaring that he will sing praises to Hashem “before the divine beings.” The commentators wonder to which divine beings, in Hebrew elohim (אלהים), the verse refers? Often, the term Elohim refers to God, but in this context many medieval commentators, such as Rashi and Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra, translate elohim as ‘ministers’ or ‘judges’. According to this understanding, David is praising Hashem in the presence of the ministers. Other interpretations say that it refers to prophets. Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch, on the other hand, understands the word elohim as a reference to false gods. According to Hirsch, David is juxtaposing God’s true, virtuous acts with the false, inauthentic gods of the surrounding nations.

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Psalms 138
Psalms 139

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  • 138:1 In the presence of the mighty will I sing praises unto Thee

    King David starts this psalm by singing the praises to God, in the presence of the mighty. The thing is the commentators wonder to who the mighty in this case refers to. I do not understand were the meaning of the word Elohim,’is mighty in Hebrew. This confuses me greatly. I always understood that Elohim meant something very different. Elohim, refers to the very name of God. I double checked on line and it is the definition of the name of God. So know I am very confused here. God is Mighty, God is the Mighty Judge. David is declaring the Greatness of God above all those false gods upon the Earth made of stone and or wood. False idols made of lies and mans deceit.There is only one true living God, the God of our Fathers who created all that is and will ever be. And that will one day come in the form of the Messiah to save His Children of Israel and then the world who truly love him and His ways. Amen. Carl

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Psalms 138:1

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