1 A song of ascents. Now bless Hashem, all you servants of Hashem who stand nightly in the house of Hashem.
SHEER ha-ma-a-LOT hi-NAY ba-r’-KHU et a-do-NAI kol av-DAY a-do-NAI ha-o-m’-DEEM b’-VAYT a-do-NAI ba-lay-LOT
א שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת הִנֵּה בָּרֲכוּ אֶת־יְהֹוָה כָּל־עַבְדֵי יְהֹוָה הָעֹמְדִים בְּבֵית־יְהֹוָה בַּלֵּילוֹת׃
134:1 Now bless Hashem
Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch notes how similar in size, and complementary in message, this psalm is to the previous one. Each of these short psalms contains only three verses and focuses on Israel’s dwelling in the Land of Israel. However, Psalm 133 speaks of the interpersonal element, while Psalm 134 reminds us that the spiritual element must be present as well. Psalm 133 presents the social component of Zionism, which is how the land was built up in the modern era: “How good and how pleasant it is that brothers dwell together.” And each of the verses of Psalm 134 speaks of blessing Hashem, to remind us that the spiritual component of returning to the land must complement the social one. When both aspects are present, says Hirsch, God will bring down the heavenly blessing from Tzion.