5 Let all who hate Tzion fall back in disgrace.
yay-VO-shu v’-yi-SO-gu a-KHOR KOL so-n’-AY tzi-YON
ה יֵבֹשׁוּ וְיִסֹּגוּ אָחוֹר כֹּל שֹׂנְאֵי צִיּוֹן׃
129:5 All who hate Tzion
According to some commentators, this psalm was composed by the Babylonian exiles during their return to Tzion. Those who returned were met with great opposition from the inhabitants of the land. The psalmist prays that the haters of Tzion will be shamed and fall away, while those who support the return to Tzion will find blessing and life. Sefer Ezra records that only some forty-thousand Jews initially returned to Tzion after King Cyrus granted permission for them to do so. Over time, though, and especially after the building of the second Beit Hamikdash, the Jews of Babylonia started to return in larger numbers. They were the recipients of the great rewards of the return to Tzion and to the Beit Hamikdash.