1 A Song of Ascents; of Shlomo. Except Hashem build the house, they labour in vain that build it; except Hashem keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.
sheer ha-ma-a-LOT lish-lo-MOH im a-do-NAI lo yiv-NEH VA-yit shav a-m’-LU vo-NAV bo im a-do-NAI lo yish-MOR eer shav sha-KAD sho-MAYR
א שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת לִשְׁלֹמֹה אִם יְהוָה לֹא יִבְנֶה בַיִת שָׁוְא עָמְלוּ בוֹנָיו בּוֹ אִם יְהוָה לֹא יִשְׁמָר עִיר שָׁוְא שָׁקַד שׁוֹמֵר.
127:1 Of Solomon
Rabbi Abraham Ibn Ezra writes that this psalm was composed after it was told that Solomon, not David, would build the Temple of God in Jerusalem. In I Chronicles 22, David explains to his son Solomon the immense responsibility God has transferred to Solomon in building the Temple. David himself was told by God that he would not be given that opportunity for he had waged too many wars and shed too much blood. His son, however, will be a man of peace and reign at a time of peace. His name will be Solomon, meaning peace and tranquility. It is he who will build the Temple of God. Instead of being angry, David rejoiced at God’s decision and blessed his son for the upcoming grand endeavor.
2 It is vain for you that ye rise early, and sit up late, ye that eat the bread of toil; so He giveth unto His beloved in sleep.
ב שָׁוְא לָכֶם מַשְׁכִּימֵי קוּם מְאַחֲרֵי שֶׁבֶת אֹכְלֵי לֶחֶם הָעֲצָבִים כֵּן יִתֵּן לִידִידוֹ שֵׁנָא.
3 Lo, children are a heritage of Hashem; the fruit of the womb is a reward.
ג הִנֵּה נַחֲלַת יְהוָה בָּנִים שָׂכָר פְּרִי הַבָּטֶן.
4 As arrows in the hand of a mighty man, so are the children of one’s youth.
ד כְּחִצִּים בְּיַד גִּבּוֹר כֵּן בְּנֵי הַנְּעוּרִים.
5 Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of them; they shall not be put to shame, when they speak with their enemies in the gate.
ה אַשְׁרֵי הַגֶּבֶר אֲשֶׁר מִלֵּא אֶת אַשְׁפָּתוֹ מֵהֶם לֹא יֵבֹשׁוּ כִּי יְדַבְּרוּ אֶת אוֹיְבִים בַּשָּׁעַר.