1 A song of ascents. Of Shlomo. Unless Hashem builds the house, its builders labor in vain on it; unless Hashem watches over the city, the watchman keeps vigil in vain.
SHEER ha-ma-a-LOT lish-lo-MOH im a-do-NAI lo yiv-NEH VA-yit SHAV a-m’-LU vo-NAV BO im a-do-NAI lo yish-MOR EER SHAV sha-KAD sho-MAYR
א שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת לִשְׁלֹמֹה אִם־יְהוָה לֹא־יִבְנֶה בַיִת שָׁוְא עָמְלוּ בוֹנָיו בּוֹ אִם־יְהוָה לֹא־יִשְׁמָר־עִיר שָׁוְא שָׁקַד שׁוֹמֵר׃
127:1 Of Shlomo
Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra writes that this psalm was composed after it was told that Shlomo, not David, would build the Beit Hamikdash. In Divrei Hayamim I 22:7-16, David explains to his son Shlomo the immense responsibility Hashem has transferred to him with the task of building the Beit Hamikdash. David himself had been told by God that he would not be given that opportunity, for he had waged too many wars and shed too much blood. His son, however, would be a man of peace who would reign during an era of peace. His name will be Shlomo, meaning peace and tranquility. Therefore he, and not David, will be the one to build the Beit Hamikdash. Instead of being disappointed, David rejoiced at God’s decision and blessed his son for the upcoming grand endeavor.1 comment
2 In vain do you rise early and stay up late, you who toil for the bread you eat; He provides as much for His loved ones while they sleep.
ב שָׁוְא לָכֶם מַשְׁכִּימֵי קוּם מְאַחֲרֵי־שֶׁבֶת אֹכְלֵי לֶחֶם הָעֲצָבִים כֵּן יִתֵּן לִידִידוֹ שֵׁנָא׃
3 Sons are the provision of Hashem; the fruit of the womb, His reward.
ג הִנֵּה נַחֲלַת יְהוָה בָּנִים שָׂכָר פְּרִי הַבָּטֶן׃
4 Like arrows in the hand of a warrior are sons born to a man in his youth.
ד כְּחִצִּים בְּיַד־גִּבּוֹר כֵּן בְּנֵי הַנְּעוּרִים׃
5 Happy is the man who fills his quiver with them; they shall not be put to shame when they contend with the enemy in the gate.
ה אַשְׁרֵי הַגֶּבֶר אֲשֶׁר מִלֵּא אֶת־אַשְׁפָּתוֹ מֵהֶם לֹא־יֵבֹשׁוּ כִּי־יְדַבְּרוּ אֶת־אוֹיְבִים בַּשָּׁעַר׃