1 Of David. A psalm. Hashem said to my lord, “Sit at My right hand while I make your enemies your footstool.”
א לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר נְאֻם יְהוָה לַאדֹנִי שֵׁב לִימִינִי עַד־אָשִׁית אֹיְבֶיךָ הֲדֹם לְרַגְלֶיךָ׃
2 Hashem will stretch forth from Tzion your mighty scepter; hold sway over your enemies!
ב מַטֵּה־עֻזְּךָ יִשְׁלַח יְהוָה מִצִּיּוֹן רְדֵה בְּקֶרֶב אֹיְבֶיךָ׃
3 Your people come forward willingly on your day of battle. In majestic holiness, from the womb, from the dawn, yours was the dew of youth.
ג עַמְּךָ נְדָבֹת בְּיוֹם חֵילֶךָ בְּהַדְרֵי־קֹדֶשׁ מֵרֶחֶם מִשְׁחָר לְךָ טַל יַלְדֻתֶיךָ׃
4 Hashem has sworn and will not relent, “You are a kohen forever, after the manner of Melchizedek.”
nish-BA a-do-NAI v’-LO yi-na-KHAYM a-TAH kho-HAYN l’-o-LAM al div-ra-TEE mal-kee TZE-dek
ד נִשְׁבַּע יְהוָה וְלֹא יִנָּחֵם אַתָּה־כֹהֵן לְעוֹלָם עַל־דִּבְרָתִי מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק׃
This psalm speaks of the coronation of a king, possibly David. It includes praises and blessings to the king of Israel who rules from Tzion, who will judge the nation, lead the army, and follow in the ways of Hashem. God sees the king as a kind of priest, as he serves the people and represents them to God, much like a priest does in the Beit Hamikdash. The first king-priest lived in the time of Avraham, though he was not from his family. The Bible praises Melchizedek, the great king of Shalem, which is the original name for Yerushalayim. Melchizedek recognizes Avraham’s justice and blesses God in his presence (Genesis 14:18-20).1 comment
5 Hashem is at your right hand. He crushes kings in the day of His anger.
ה אֲדֹנָי עַל־יְמִינְךָ מָחַץ בְּיוֹם־אַפּוֹ מְלָכִים׃
6 He works judgment upon the nations, heaping up bodies, crushing heads far and wide.
ו יָדִין בַּגּוֹיִם מָלֵא גְוִיּוֹת מָחַץ רֹאשׁ עַל־אֶרֶץ רַבָּה׃
7 He drinks from the stream on his way; therefore he holds his head high.
ז מִנַּחַל בַּדֶּרֶךְ יִשְׁתֶּה עַל־כֵּן יָרִים רֹאשׁ׃