Psalms 11
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1  For the leader. Of David. In Hashem I take refuge; how can you say to me, “Take to the hills like a bird!

א  לַמְנַצֵּחַ לְדָוִד בַּיהוָה חָסִיתִי אֵיךְ תֹּאמְרוּ לְנַפְשִׁי נודו [נוּדִי] הַרְכֶם צִפּוֹר׃

2  For see, the wicked bend the bow, they set their arrow on the string to shoot from the shadows at the upright.

ב  כִּי הִנֵּה הָרְשָׁעִים יִדְרְכוּן קֶשֶׁת כּוֹנְנוּ חִצָּם עַל־יֶתֶר לִירוֹת בְּמוֹ־אֹפֶל לְיִשְׁרֵי־לֵב׃

3  When the foundations are destroyed, what can the righteous man do?”

ג  כִּי הַשָּׁתוֹת יֵהָרֵסוּן צַדִּיק מַה־פָּעָל׃

4  Hashem is in His holy palace; Hashem—His throne is in heaven; His eyes behold, His gaze searches mankind.

ד  יְהוָה בְּהֵיכַל קָדְשׁוֹ יְהוָה בַּשָּׁמַיִם כִּסְאוֹ עֵינָיו יֶחֱזוּ עַפְעַפָּיו יִבְחֲנוּ בְּנֵי אָדָם׃

5  Hashem seeks out the righteous man, but loathes the wicked one who loves injustice.

ה  יְהוָה צַדִּיק יִבְחָן וְרָשָׁע וְאֹהֵב חָמָס שָׂנְאָה נַפְשׁוֹ׃

6  He will rain down upon the wicked blazing coals and sulfur; a scorching wind shall be their lot.

yam-TAYR al r’-sha-EEM pa-KHEEM AYSH v’-gof-REET v’-RU-akh zil-a-FOT m’-NAT ko-SAM

ו  יַמְטֵר עַל־רְשָׁעִים פַּחִים אֵשׁ וְגָפְרִית וְרוּחַ זִלְעָפוֹת מְנָת כּוֹסָם׃

11:6   Blazing coals and sulfur

The words aish v’gofreet (אש וגפרית), ‘blazing coals and sulfur,’ remind us of when the Lord rained down burning sulfuric coals on Sodom and Gomorrah in order to destroy them, as described in Sefer Bereishit (19:24) in the opposite construct as gofreet va-aish, ‘sulfurous fire.’  In the Bible, Hashem sends down from the heavens rain to sustain, manna to nourish, and burning fires to eradicate evil from the land. While in Sefer Bereishit sulfuric fire is associated with death and destruction, in the modern State of Israel it represents life, rejuvenation and prosperity. In 1911, Moshe Novomeysky, a European industrialist, visited the Dead Sea for the first time and understood its potential as a treasure trove for minerals, phosphates, sulfurs and potash. He created the Palestine Potash Company which would later turn into Dead Sea Works, one of Israel’s most important export companies and one of the world’s largest producers of potash products.1 comment

7  For Hashem is righteous; He loves righteous deeds; the upright shall behold His face.

 

ז  כִּי־צַדִּיק יְהוָה צְדָקוֹת אָהֵב יָשָׁר יֶחֱזוּ פָנֵימוֹ׃

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Psalms 10
Psalms 12

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Psalms 11

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