1 Happy is the man that hath not walked in the counsel of the wicked, nor stood in the way of sinners, nor sat in the seat of the scornful.
ash-RAY ha-EESH a-SHER lo ha-LAKH ba-a-TZAT r’-sha-EEM uv-DE-rekh kha-ta-EEM lo a-MAD uv-mo-SHAV lay-TZEEM lo ya-SHAV
א אַשְׁרֵי הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר לֹא הָלַךְ בַּעֲצַת רְשָׁעִים וּבְדֶרֶךְ חַטָּאִים לֹא עָמָד וּבְמוֹשַׁב לֵצִים לֹא יָשָׁב.
1:1 Happy is the man that hath not walked in the counsel of the wicked
King David begins the Book of Psalms, a collection of songs of praise for the Lord, by focusing on man. His first action is to walk, in Hebrew ‘halakh,’ and immediately upon setting out on his journey he is forced to make a decision of which path he should walk: righteous or wicked, fruitful or barren. This ‘walking’ reminds us of God’s first words to Abraham ‘lech lecha,’ “Go forth” (Genesis 12:1), and more significantly, ‘kum hithalekh ba’aretz’, “arise, walk through the land” (Genesis 13:17). David may have been reminding us that while praising God transcends time and place, the book of Psalms was written in the Land of Israel, the ancient walking grounds of our forefathers.
2 But his delight is in the law of Hashem; and in His law doth he meditate day and night.
ב כִּי אִם בְּתוֹרַת יְהוָה חֶפְצוֹ וּבְתוֹרָתוֹ יֶהְגֶּה יוֹמָם וָלָיְלָה.
3 And he shall be like a tree planted by streams of water, that bringeth forth its fruit in its season, and whose leaf doth not wither; and in whatsoever he doeth he shall prosper.
ג וְהָיָה כְּעֵץ שָׁתוּל עַל פַּלְגֵי מָיִם אֲשֶׁר פִּרְיוֹ יִתֵּן בְּעִתּוֹ וְעָלֵהוּ לֹא יִבּוֹל וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה יַצְלִיחַ.
4 Not so the wicked; but they are like the chaff which the wind driveth away.
ד לֹא כֵן הָרְשָׁעִים כִּי אִם כַּמֹּץ אֲשֶׁר תִּדְּפֶנּוּ רוּחַ.
5 Therefore the wicked shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous.
ה עַל כֵּן לֹא יָקֻמוּ רְשָׁעִים בַּמִּשְׁפָּט וְחַטָּאִים בַּעֲדַת צַדִּיקִים.
6 For Hashem regardeth the way of the righteous; but the way of the wicked shall perish.
ו כִּי יוֹדֵעַ יְהוָה דֶּרֶךְ צַדִּיקִים וְדֶרֶךְ רְשָׁעִים תֹּאבֵד.