1 In the seventh month, Ishmael son of Nethaniah son of Elishama, who was of royal descent and one of the king’s commanders, came with ten men to Gedalia son of Achikam at Mitzpa; and they ate together there at Mitzpa.
ha-da-VAR a-SHER ha-YAH el yir-mi-YA-hu may-AYT a-do-NAI a-KHAR sha-LAKH o-TO n’-vu-zar-a-DAN rav ta-ba-KHEEM min ha-ra-MAH b’-kakh-TO o-TO v’-HU a-SUR ba-zi-KEEM b’-TOKH kol ga-LUT y’-ru-sha-LA-yim vee-hu-DAH ha-mug-LEEM ba-VE-lah
א וַיְהִי בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי בָּא יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָה בֶן־אֱלִישָׁמָע מִזֶּרַע הַמְּלוּכָה וְרַבֵּי הַמֶּלֶךְ וַעֲשָׂרָה אֲנָשִׁים אִתּוֹ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָהוּ בֶן־אֲחִיקָם הַמִּצְפָּתָה וַיֹּאכְלוּ שָׁם לֶחֶם יַחְדָּו בַּמִּצְפָּה׃
40:1 Set him free at Rama
Although King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon orders his soldiers to treat Yirmiyahu with respect and consideration, only when the convoy reaches Rama, about nine kilometers north of Yerushalayim, does the Babylonian captain release him from his chains. According to Rashi, Yirmiyahu voluntarily fettered himself to the chains leading the exiles away from Israel in order to demonstrate his complete identification with his people and their suffering. Such is the characteristic of a true leader. Though mistreated and abused by them, Yirmiyahu still identifies with and cares for his people.Comment
2 Then Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him arose and struck down Gedalia son of Achikam son of Shafan with the sword and killed him, because the king of Babylon had put him in charge of the land.
3 Ishmael also killed all the Judeans who were with him—with Gedalia in Mitzpa—and the Chaldean soldiers who were stationed there.
4 The second day after Gedalia was killed, when no one yet knew about it,
ד וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשֵּׁנִי לְהָמִית אֶת־גְּדַלְיָהוּ וְאִישׁ לֹא יָדָע׃
ה וַיָּבֹאוּ אֲנָשִׁים מִשְּׁכֶם מִשִּׁלוֹ וּמִשֹּׁמְרוֹן שְׁמֹנִים אִישׁ מְגֻלְּחֵי זָקָן וּקְרֻעֵי בְגָדִים וּמִתְגֹּדְדִים וּמִנְחָה וּלְבוֹנָה בְּיָדָם לְהָבִיא בֵּית יְהוָה׃
7 When they came inside the town, Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the men who were with him slaughtered them [and threw their bodies] into a cistern.
ז וַיְהִי כְּבוֹאָם אֶל־תּוֹךְ הָעִיר וַיִּשְׁחָטֵם יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָה אֶל־תּוֹךְ הַבּוֹר הוּא וְהָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר־אִתּוֹ׃
8 But there were ten men among them who said to Ishmael, “Don’t kill us! We have stores hidden in a field—wheat, barley, oil, and honey.” So he stopped, and did not kill them along with their fellows.—
9 The cistern into which Ishmael threw all the corpses of the men he had killed in the affair of Gedalia was the one that King Asa had constructed on account of King Basha of Yisrael. That was the one which Ishmael son of Nethaniah filled with corpses.—
10 Ishmael carried off all the rest of the people who were in Mitzpa, including the daughters of the king—all the people left in Mitzpa, over whom Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, had appointed Gedalia son of Achikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah carried them off, and set out to cross over to the Amonites.
יב וַיִּקְחוּ אֶת־כָּל־הָאֲנָשִׁים וַיֵּלְכוּ לְהִלָּחֵם עִם־יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן־נְתַנְיָה וַיִּמְצְאוּ אֹתוֹ אֶל־מַיִם רַבִּים אֲשֶׁר בְּגִבְעוֹן׃
16 Yochanan son of Kareah and all the army officers with him took all the rest of the people whom he had rescued from Ishmael son of Nethaniah from Mitzpa after he had murdered Gedalia son of Achikam—the men, soldiers, women, children, and eunuchs whom [Yochanan] had brought back from Givon.