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TORAH
FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES
NEVI'IM
PROPHETS
KETUVIM
WRITINGS

Chapter 17

Translation and Transliteration of 

1The guilt of Yehuda is inscribed1 With a stylus of iron, Engraved with an adamant point On the tablet of their hearts, And on the horns of their altars,

kha-TAT y'-hu-DAH k'-tu-VAH b'-ET bar-ZEL b'-tzi-PO-ren sha-MEER kha-ROO-sha al-LOO-akh li-BAM u-l'-kar-NOT miz-b'-kho-TE-khem

אחַטַּ֣את יְהוּדָ֗ה כְּתוּבָ֛ה בְּעֵ֥ט בַּרְזֶ֖ל בְּצִפֹּ֣רֶן שָׁמִ֑יר חֲרוּשָׁה֙ עַל־ל֣וּחַ לִבָּ֔ם וּלְקַרְנ֖וֹת מִזְבְּחוֹתֵיכֶֽם׃

2While their children remember Their altars and sacred posts, By verdant trees, Upon lofty hills.

ki-ZE-kor b'-nei-HEM miz-b'-kho-TAM va-a-sh'-RE-hem al-ETZ ra-a-NAN al g'-va-OT ha-g'-vo-HOT

בכִּזְכֹּ֤ר בְּנֵיהֶם֙ מִזְבְּחוֹתָ֔ם וַאֲשֵׁרֵיהֶ֖ם עַל־עֵ֣ץ רַעֲנָ֑ן עַ֖ל גְּבָע֥וֹת הַגְּבֹהֽוֹת׃

3Because of the sin of your shrines Throughout your borders, I will make your rampart a heap in the field, And all your treasures a spoil.

ha-ra-REE ba-sa-DEH, kheil-KHA kol-o-tz'-ro-TE-kha la-BAZ e-TEN ba-mo-TE-kha b'-kha-TAT b'-kol-ge-vu-LE-kha

גהֲרָרִי֙ בַּשָּׂדֶ֔ה חֵילְךָ֥ כׇל־אוֹצְרוֹתֶ֖יךָ לָבַ֣ז אֶתֵּ֑ן בָּמֹתֶ֕יךָ בְּחַטָּ֖את בְּכׇל־גְּבוּלֶֽיךָ׃

4You will forfeit, by your own act, The inheritance I have given you; I will make you a slave to your enemies In a land you have never known. For you have kindled the flame of My wrath Which shall burn for all time.

v'-sha-MAT-ta u-VE-kha mi-na-cha-la-te-KHA a-SHER na-TA-tee LAKH v'-ha-a-va-d'-TEE-kha et o-y'-VE-kha ba-A-retz a-SHER lo ya-DA-ta KEE-esh k'-da-KHEM b'-a-PEE ad-o-LAM tu-KAD

דוְשָׁמַטְתָּ֗ה וּבְךָ֙ מִנַּחֲלָֽתְךָ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר נָתַ֣תִּי לָ֔ךְ וְהַעֲבַדְתִּ֙יךָ֙ אֶת־אֹ֣יְבֶ֔יךָ בָּאָ֖רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֣ר לֹא־יָדָ֑עְתָּ כִּֽי־אֵ֛שׁ קְדַחְתֶּ֥ם בְּאַפִּ֖י עַד־עוֹלָ֥ם תּוּקָֽד׃

5Thus said Hashem: Cursed is he who trusts in man, Who makes mere flesh his strength, And turns his thoughts from Hashem.

KO a-MAR a-do-NAI a-RUR ha-GE-ver a-SHER yi-v'-TAKH ba-a-DAM v'-SAM ba-SAR ze-RO o, u-min a-do-NAI ya-SUR li-BO

הכֹּ֣ה ׀ אָמַ֣ר יְהֹוָ֗ה אָר֤וּר הַגֶּ֙בֶר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר יִבְטַ֣ח בָּאָדָ֔ם וְשָׂ֥ם בָּשָׂ֖ר זְרֹע֑וֹ וּמִן־יְהֹוָ֖ה יָס֥וּר לִבּֽוֹ׃

6He shall be like a bush in the desert, Which does not sense the coming of good: It is set in the scorched places of the wilderness, In a barren land without inhabitant.

v'-ha-YAH k'-ar-AR ba-a-ra-VAH v'-LO yir-EH kee ya-VO TOV v'-sha-KHAN kha-ray-REEM ba-mid-BAR E-retz m'-lay-KHAH v'-LO tay-SHAYV

ווְהָיָה֙ כְּעַרְעָ֣ר בָּעֲרָבָ֔ה וְלֹ֥א יִרְאֶ֖ה כִּֽי־יָ֣בוֹא ט֑וֹב וְשָׁכַ֤ן חֲרֵרִים֙ בַּמִּדְבָּ֔ר אֶ֥רֶץ מְלֵחָ֖ה וְלֹ֥א תֵשֵֽׁב׃

 17:6   He shall be like a bush in the desert

Shrubs grow at Tamrur Cliff in the Dead Sea region.

To illustrate the difference between trusting in Hashem and trusting in man, Yirmiyahu paints a strong contrast between two vivid images. One who relies on man is compared to a small shrub in the barren and rocky desert. The Hebrew name for this plant is arar (ערער), similar to the Hebrew word for ‘childless,’ areeree (ערירי), invoking feelings of lifelessness and emptiness. Someone who relies on Hashem, however, is likened to a majestic tree with deep roots beside an ever-flowing river, growing tall and whose branches provide shelter from the heat (verse 8). Israel has two choices: They can trust in God and remain secure in their land, flourishing like the tree by the river, or they can cut themselves off from the Divine Presence and choose to be exiled to the wilderness of the arar.

7Blessed is he who trusts in Hashem, Whose trust is Hashem alone.

ba-RUKH ha-GE-ver a-SHER yi-v'-TAKH ba-do-NAI v'-ha-YA a-do-NAI mi-v'-TA-kho

זבָּר֣וּךְ הַגֶּ֔בֶר אֲשֶׁ֥ר יִבְטַ֖ח בַּיהֹוָ֑ה וְהָיָ֥ה יְהֹוָ֖ה מִבְטַחֽוֹ׃

8He shall be like a tree planted by waters, Sending forth its roots by a stream: It does not sense the coming of heat, Its leaves are ever fresh; It has no care in a year of drought, It does not cease to yield fruit.

v'-ha-YA k'-AYTZ sha-TUL al-MA-yim v'-al-yu-VAL ye-sha-LAKH sho-ra-SHAV v'-LO yi-REH ki-ya-VO KHOM v'-ha-YA a-LE-hu ra-a-NAN u-vish-NAHT ba-tso-RET lo yid-AG v'-lo ya-MISH me-a-SOT pe-REE

חוְהָיָ֞ה כְּעֵ֣ץ ׀ שָׁת֣וּל עַל־מַ֗יִם וְעַל־יוּבַל֙ יְשַׁלַּ֣ח שׇׁרָשָׁ֔יו וְלֹ֤א (ירא) [יִרְאֶה֙] כִּי־יָ֣בֹא חֹ֔ם וְהָיָ֥ה עָלֵ֖הוּ רַעֲנָ֑ן וּבִשְׁנַ֤ת בַּצֹּ֙רֶת֙ לֹ֣א יִדְאָ֔ג וְלֹ֥א יָמִ֖ישׁ מֵעֲשׂ֥וֹת פֶּֽרִי׃

9Most devious is the heart; It is perverse—who can fathom it?

a-KOV ha-LEV mi-KOL v'-a-NUSH HU, mee ye-da-E-nu

טעָקֹ֥ב הַלֵּ֛ב מִכֹּ֖ל וְאָנֻ֣שׁ ה֑וּא מִ֖י יֵדָעֶֽנּוּ׃

10I Hashem probe the heart, Search the mind— To repay every man according to his ways, With the proper fruit of his deeds.

a-NEE a-do-NAI kho-KAYR layv bo-KHAYN k'-la-YOT v'-la-TAYT l'-EESH kid-ra-KHAV kif-REE ma-a-la-LAV. (Selah)

יאֲנִ֧י יְהֹוָ֛ה חֹקֵ֥ר לֵ֖ב בֹּחֵ֣ן כְּלָי֑וֹת וְלָתֵ֤ת לְאִישׁ֙ כִּדְרָכָ֔ו כִּפְרִ֖י מַעֲלָלָֽיו׃

11Like a partridge hatching what she did not lay, So is one who amasses wealth by unjust means; In the middle of his life it will leave him, And in the end he will be proved a fool.

ko-RE dagar v'-LO ya-LAD o-SEH o-SHER v'-LO b'-mish-PAT ba-kha-TZI ya-MAV ya-a-Z'-VE-nu u-v'-a-kha-REE-to yi-HEH na-VAL

יאקֹרֵ֤א דָגַר֙ וְלֹ֣א יָלָ֔ד עֹ֥שֶׂה עֹ֖שֶׁר וְלֹ֣א בְמִשְׁפָּ֑ט בַּחֲצִ֤י יָמָו֙ יַעַזְבֶ֔נּוּ וּבְאַחֲרִית֖וֹ יִהְיֶ֥ה נָבָֽל׃

12O Throne of Glory exalted from of old, Our Sacred Shrine!

ki-SE kha-VOD ma-RO m'-ri-SHON m'-KOM mik-DA-she-NU

יבכִּסֵּ֣א כָב֔וֹד מָר֖וֹם מֵרִאשׁ֑וֹן מְק֖וֹם מִקְדָּשֵֽׁנוּ׃

13O Hope of Yisrael! Hashem! All who forsake You shall be put to shame, Those in the land who turn from You Shall be doomed men, For they have forsaken Hashem, The Fount of living waters.

mi-k'-VEH yis-ra-AYL a-do-NAI kol-o-z'-VE-kha ye-BO-shu (yo-SU-ri) [v'-su-RAI] ba-A-retz yi-ka-TE-vu, ki a-z'-VU m'-KOR ma-YIM cha-YIM et a-do-NAI. (Selah)

יגמִקְוֵ֤ה יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ יְהֹוָ֔ה כׇּל־עֹזְבֶ֖יךָ יֵבֹ֑שׁוּ (יסורי) [וְסוּרַי֙] בָּאָ֣רֶץ יִכָּתֵ֔בוּ כִּ֥י עָזְב֛וּ מְק֥וֹר מַֽיִם־חַיִּ֖ים אֶת־יְהֹוָֽה׃

14Heal me, Hashem, and let me be healed; Save me, and let me be saved; For You are my glory.

r'-fa-EY-nee a-do-NAI v'-ay-RA-fey ho-shee-EY-nee v'-i-v'-sha-EY-a, kee t'-hi-LA-tee a-TAH

ידרְפָאֵ֤נִי יְהֹוָה֙ וְאֵ֣רָפֵ֔א הוֹשִׁיעֵ֖נִי וְאִוָּשֵׁ֑עָה כִּ֥י תְהִלָּתִ֖י אָֽתָּה׃

15See, they say to me: “Where is the prediction of Hashem? Let it come to pass!”

hi-nei he-ma o-m'-RIM e-LAI a-YEH d'-VAR a-do-NAI ya-VO na

טוהִנֵּה־הֵ֕מָּה אֹמְרִ֖ים אֵלָ֑י אַיֵּ֥ה דְבַר־יְהֹוָ֖ה יָ֥בוֹא נָֽא׃

16But I have not evaded Being a shepherd in your service, Nor have I longed for the fatal day. You know the utterances of my lips, They were ever before You.

va-a-NI lo-a-tz'-TEE me-ro-EH a-cha-RE-kha, v'-YOM a-NU-sh lo hit-a-vay-TEE a-TAH ya-da-TA, mo-TZA s'-fa-TAI no-KHAKH pa-NE-kha ha-YA

טזוַאֲנִ֞י לֹא־אַ֣צְתִּי ׀ מֵרֹעֶ֣ה אַחֲרֶ֗יךָ וְי֥וֹם אָנ֛וּשׁ לֹ֥א הִתְאַוֵּ֖יתִי אַתָּ֣ה יָדָ֑עְתָּ מוֹצָ֣א שְׂפָתַ֔י נֹ֥כַח פָּנֶ֖יךָ הָיָֽה׃

17Do not be a cause of dismay to me; You are my refuge in a day of calamity.

al-ti-he-YEH-li li-m'-chi-TAH, ma-cha-SEE-a-TAH b'-YOM ra-AH.

יזאַל־תִּֽהְיֵה־לִ֖י לִמְחִתָּ֑ה מַחֲסִי־אַ֖תָּה בְּי֥וֹם רָעָֽה׃

18Let my persecutors be shamed, And let not me be shamed; Let them be dismayed, And let not me be dismayed. Bring on them the day of disaster, And shatter them with double destruction.

ye-VO-shu ro-d'-FAI v'-al e-VO-sha a-NEE ye-KHA-tu HE-ma v'-al e-KHA-ta a-NEE ha-VEE a-LE-hem YOM ra-AH u-mish-NEH shi-BA-ron sh'-vo-REM. (S)

יחיֵבֹ֤שׁוּ רֹֽדְפַי֙ וְאַל־אֵבֹ֣שָׁה אָ֔נִי יֵחַ֣תּוּ הֵ֔מָּה וְאַל־אֵחַ֖תָּה אָ֑נִי הָבִ֤יא עֲלֵיהֶם֙ י֣וֹם רָעָ֔ה וּמִשְׁנֶ֥ה שִׁבָּר֖וֹן שׇׁבְרֵֽם׃

19Thus said Hashem to me: Go and stand in the People's Gate, by which the kings of Yehuda enter and by which they go forth, and in all the gates of Yerushalayim,

KO-a-MAR a-do-NAI e-LAI ha-LOKH v'-a-MA-d'-TA b'-sha-AR b'-NAY [ha-AAM] (AAM) a-SHER ya-VO-u VO mal-khay y'-hu-DA va-a-SHER ye-t'-Z'-U VO u-v'-KOL sha-a-RAY ye-ru-sha-LA-im

יטכֹּה־אָמַ֨ר יְהֹוָ֜ה אֵלַ֗י הָלֹ֤ךְ וְעָֽמַדְתָּ֙ בְּשַׁ֣עַר בְּנֵֽי־[הָעָ֔ם] (עם) אֲשֶׁ֨ר יָבֹ֤אוּ בוֹ֙ מַלְכֵ֣י יְהוּדָ֔ה וַאֲשֶׁ֖ר יֵ֣צְאוּ ב֑וֹ וּבְכֹ֖ל שַׁעֲרֵ֥י יְרוּשָׁלָֽ͏ִם׃

20and say to them: Hear the word of Hashem, O kings of Yehuda, and all Yehuda, and all the inhabitants of Yerushalayim who enter by these gates!

v'-a-MAR-ta a-LE-hem shi-MU d'-var a-do-NAI mal-khay y'-hu-DAH v'-kol y'-hu-DAH v'-kol yo-sh'-VAY y'-ru-sha-LA-im ha-ba-EEM ba-sha-a-REEM ha-E-leh

כוְאָמַרְתָּ֣ אֲ֠לֵיהֶ֠ם שִׁמְע֨וּ דְבַר־יְהֹוָ֜ה מַלְכֵ֤י יְהוּדָה֙ וְכׇל־יְהוּדָ֔ה וְכֹ֖ל יֹשְׁבֵ֣י יְרוּשָׁלָ֑͏ִם הַבָּאִ֖ים בַּשְּׁעָרִ֥ים הָאֵֽלֶּה׃

21Thus said Hashem: Guard yourselves for your own sake against carrying burdens on the Shabbat day, and bringing them through the gates of Yerushalayim.

KO a-MAR a-do-NAI, hi-sha-MRU b'-naf-sho-TE-khem, v'-al tis-a-U ma-SA b'-YOM ha-sha-BAT, va-ha-VE-tem b'-sha-a-REI ye-ru-sha-LA-im.

כאכֹּ֚ה אָמַ֣ר יְהֹוָ֔ה הִשָּׁמְר֖וּ בְּנַפְשׁוֹתֵיכֶ֑ם וְאַל־תִּשְׂא֤וּ מַשָּׂא֙ בְּי֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת וַהֲבֵאתֶ֖ם בְּשַׁעֲרֵ֥י יְרֽוּשָׁלָֽ͏ִם׃

22Nor shall you carry out burdens from your houses on the Shabbat day, or do any work, but you shall hallow the Shabbat day, as I commanded your fathers.

v'-LO to-TZI-u ma-SA mi-ba-TE-khem b'-YOM ha-SHA-bat, v'-KOL me-la-KHA lo ta-a-SU, v'-ki-da-SHEM et YOM ha-SHA-bat ka-a-SHER tzi-vi-TEE et a-vo-TAY-khem

כבוְלֹא־תוֹצִ֨יאוּ מַשָּׂ֤א מִבָּֽתֵּיכֶם֙ בְּי֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת וְכׇל־מְלָאכָ֖ה לֹ֣א תַעֲשׂ֑וּ וְקִדַּשְׁתֶּם֙ אֶת־י֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר צִוִּ֖יתִי אֶת־אֲבוֹתֵיכֶֽם׃

23But they would not listen or turn their ear; they stiffened their necks and would not pay heed or accept discipline.

v'-LO sha-MU v'-LO hi-TU et-a-ZNAM va-YAK-shu et-or-PAHM l'-vil-TI (sho-MAY) [sh'-MO-a] u-l'-vil-TI ka-KHAT mu-SAR

כגוְלֹ֣א שָׁמְע֔וּ וְלֹ֥א הִטּ֖וּ אֶת־אׇזְנָ֑ם וַיַּקְשׁוּ֙ אֶת־עׇרְפָּ֔ם לְבִלְתִּ֣י (שומע) [שְׁמ֔וֹעַ] וּלְבִלְתִּ֖י קַ֥חַת מוּסָֽר׃

24If you obey Me—declares Hashem—and do not bring in burdens through the gates of this city on the Shabbat day, but hallow the Shabbat day and do no work on it,

v'-ha-YA im sha-MO-a ti-sh'-m'-UN e-LAI, n'-UM a-do-NAI, l'-vil-TI ha-VEE ma-sa b'-sha-a-RAY ha-EER ha-ZOT b'-YOM ha-sha-BAT, u-l'-ka-DAYSH et-YOM ha-sha-BAT, l'-vil-TI a-soht-BO kol m'-la-a-KHA

כדוְ֠הָיָ֠ה אִם־שָׁמֹ֨עַ תִּשְׁמְע֤וּן אֵלַי֙ נְאֻם־יְהֹוָ֔ה לְבִלְתִּ֣י ׀ הָבִ֣יא מַשָּׂ֗א בְּשַׁעֲרֵ֛י הָעִ֥יר הַזֹּ֖את בְּי֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֑ת וּלְקַדֵּשׁ֙ אֶת־י֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת לְבִלְתִּ֥י עֲשֽׂוֹת־בֹּ֖ה כׇּל־מְלָאכָֽה׃

25then through the gates of this city shall enter kings who sit upon the throne of David, with their officers—riding on chariots and horses, they and their officers—and the men of Yehuda and the inhabitants of Yerushalayim. And this city shall be inhabited for all time.

u-VA-u v'-sha-a-REI ha-IR ha-ZOT m'-la-KHEEM v'-sa-REEM yosh-VEEM al-ki-SAY da-VID ro-k'-VEEM ba-RE-khev u-va-su-SEEM, HEM-MAH v'-sa-RE-hem, eesh y'-hu-DAH v'-yo-sh'-VAY y'-ru-sha-LA-im, v'-ya-sh'-VAH ha-IR-ha-ZOT l'-o-LAM.

כהוּבָ֣אוּ בְשַׁעֲרֵ֣י הָעִ֣יר הַזֹּ֡את מְלָכִ֣ים ׀ וְשָׂרִ֡ים יֹשְׁבִים֩ עַל־כִּסֵּ֨א דָוִ֜ד רֹכְבִ֣ים ׀ בָּרֶ֣כֶב וּבַסּוּסִ֗ים הֵ֚מָּה וְשָׂ֣רֵיהֶ֔ם אִ֥ישׁ יְהוּדָ֖ה וְיֹשְׁבֵ֣י יְרוּשָׁלָ֑͏ִם וְיָשְׁבָ֥ה הָֽעִיר־הַזֹּ֖את לְעוֹלָֽם׃

26And people shall come from the towns of Yehuda and from the environs of Yerushalayim, and from the land of Binyamin, and from the Shephelah, and from the hill country, and from the Negev, bringing burnt offerings and sacrifices, meal offerings and frankincense, and bringing offerings of thanksgiving to the House of Hashem.

u-va-U me-a-rei y'-hu-DAH u-mi-s'-vi-VOT ye-ru-sha-LA-im u-m'-E-rets bin-ya-MIN u-min ha-she-fe-LAH u-min ha-HAR u-min ha-NE-gev, me-vi-IM o-LAH v'-ze-VACH u-mi-n'-CHA u-l'-vo-NAH u-m'-vi-EI to-DAH bayt a-do-NAI.

כווּבָ֣אוּ מֵעָרֵֽי־יְ֠הוּדָ֠ה וּמִסְּבִיב֨וֹת יְרוּשָׁלַ֜͏ִם וּמֵאֶ֣רֶץ בִּנְיָמִ֗ן וּמִן־הַשְּׁפֵלָ֤ה וּמִן־הָהָר֙ וּמִן־הַנֶּ֔גֶב מְבִאִ֛ים עוֹלָ֥ה וְזֶ֖בַח וּמִנְחָ֣ה וּלְבוֹנָ֑ה וּמְבִאֵ֥י תוֹדָ֖ה בֵּ֥ית יְהֹוָֽה׃

27But if you do not obey My command to hallow the Shabbat day and to carry in no burdens through the gates of Yerushalayim on the Shabbat day, then I will set fire to its gates; it shall consume the fortresses of Yerushalayim and it shall not be extinguished.

v'-im-lo tish-m'-U e-LAI l'-ka-DAYSH et-YOM ha-sha-BAT u-l'-vil-TI se-ET ma-sa u-VO b'-sha-a-RAY ye-ru-sha-LA-im b'-YOM ha-sha-BAT v'-hi-tza-TI ESH bi-sha-a-RE-ha v'-a-KH-laH ar-m'-NOT ye-ru-sha-LA-im v'-lo tikh-BEH. (P)

כזוְאִם־לֹ֨א תִשְׁמְע֜וּ אֵלַ֗י לְקַדֵּשׁ֙ אֶת־י֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֔ת וּלְבִלְתִּ֣י ׀ שְׂאֵ֣ת מַשָּׂ֗א וּבֹ֛א בְּשַׁעֲרֵ֥י יְרוּשָׁלַ֖͏ִם בְּי֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֑ת וְהִצַּ֧תִּי אֵ֣שׁ בִּשְׁעָרֶ֗יהָ וְאָ֥כְלָ֛ה אַרְמְנ֥וֹת יְרוּשָׁלַ֖͏ִם וְלֹ֥א תִכְבֶּֽה׃