Numbers 28
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  And Hashem spoke unto Moshe, saying:

א  וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר.

2  Command B’nei Yisrael, and say unto them: My food which is presented unto Me for offerings made by fire, of a sweet savour unto Me, shall ye observe to offer unto Me in its due season.

ב  צַו אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם אֶת קָרְבָּנִי לַחְמִי לְאִשַּׁי רֵיחַ נִיחֹחִי תִּשְׁמְרוּ לְהַקְרִיב לִי בְּמוֹעֲדוֹ.

3  And thou shalt say unto them: This is the offering made by fire which ye shall bring unto Hashem: he-lambs of the first year without blemish, two day by day, for a continual burnt-offering.

ג  וְאָמַרְתָּ לָהֶם זֶה הָאִשֶּׁה אֲשֶׁר תַּקְרִיבוּ לַיהוָה כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי שָׁנָה תְמִימִם שְׁנַיִם לַיּוֹם עֹלָה תָמִיד.

4  The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at dusk;

ד  אֶת הַכֶּבֶשׂ אֶחָד תַּעֲשֶׂה בַבֹּקֶר וְאֵת הַכֶּבֶשׂ הַשֵּׁנִי תַּעֲשֶׂה בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם.

5  and the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil.

ה  וַעֲשִׂירִית הָאֵיפָה סֹלֶת לְמִנְחָה בְּלוּלָה בְּשֶׁמֶן כָּתִית רְבִיעִת הַהִין.

6  It is a continual burnt-offering, which was offered in mount Sinai, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto Hashem.

ו  עֹלַת תָּמִיד הָעֲשֻׂיָה בְּהַר סִינַי לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ אִשֶּׁה לַיהוָה.

7  And the drink-offering thereof shall be the fourth part of a hin for the one lamb; in the holy place shalt thou pour out a drink-offering of strong drink unto Hashem.

ז  וְנִסְכּוֹ רְבִיעִת הַהִין לַכֶּבֶשׂ הָאֶחָד בַּקֹּדֶשׁ הַסֵּךְ נֶסֶךְ שֵׁכָר לַיהוָה.

8  And the other lamb shalt thou present at dusk; as the meal-offering of the morning, and as the drink-offering thereof, thou shalt present it, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto Hashem.

ח  וְאֵת הַכֶּבֶשׂ הַשֵּׁנִי תַּעֲשֶׂה בֵּין הָעַרְבָּיִם כְּמִנְחַת הַבֹּקֶר וּכְנִסְכּוֹ תַּעֲשֶׂה אִשֵּׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהוָה.

9  And on the Shabbat day two he-lambs of the first year without blemish, and two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with oil, and the drink-offering thereof.

u-va-YOM ha-sha-BATsh’-NAY kh’-va-SEEM b’-NAY sha-NAH t’-mee-MIM u-sh’-NAY es-ro-NEEM SO-let min-KHAH b’-lu-LAH va-SHE-men v’-nis-KO

ט  וּבְיוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת שְׁנֵי כְבָשִׂים בְּנֵי שָׁנָה תְּמִימִם וּשְׁנֵי עֶשְׂרֹנִים סֹלֶת מִנְחָה בְּלוּלָה בַשֶּׁמֶן וְנִסְכּוֹ.

28:9   And on the Shabbat day

Shabbat, the 7th day of the week, is a reminder that God is the creator of the entire world.  Just as He created the world in 6 days and rested on the 7th, we use our creative powers and work for 6 days but rest on the 7th.  But Shabbat is also a remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt as it says “And thou shalt remember that thou was a servant in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God brought thee out… therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day (Devarim 5:14).” God didn’t create the world and abandon it, but through the 10 plagues, the exodus from Egypt, and the splitting of the sea, He demonstrated that He is still very much involved in the world, though He generally works behind the scenes.  By keeping the Shabbat we are affirming our belief in God not only as the creator of the world, but as the creator who is continuously responsible for everything that happens in this world.  Just as the people of Israel keep Shabbat on the 7th day of the week, the Land of Israel also has its own Shabbat.  Every 7 years the land rests and is not worked.  By abandoning the fields and putting our success in the hands of the Lord, we are affirm our belief that God is intimately involved and ultimately responsible for everything that happens in our lives.  We owe all of our success to Him, and we believe that He will provide for us even if we are not working the Land.

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10  This is the burnt-offering of every Shabbat, beside the continual burnt-offering, and the drink-offering thereof.

י  עֹלַת שַׁבַּת בְּשַׁבַּתּוֹ עַל עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד וְנִסְכָּהּ.

11  And in your new moons ye shall present a burnt-offering unto Hashem: two young bullocks, and one ram, seven he-lambs of the first year without blemish;

u-v’-ra-SHAY khod-shay-KHEM tak-REE-vu o-LAH la-do-NAI pa-REEM b’-NAY va-KAR sh’-NA-yeem v’-A-yil e-KHAD k’-va-SEEM b’-NAY sha-NAH shiv-AH t’-mee-MIM

יא  וּבְרָאשֵׁי חָדְשֵׁיכֶם תַּקְרִיבוּ עֹלָה לַיהוָה פָּרִים בְּנֵי בָקָר שְׁנַיִם וְאַיִל אֶחָד כְּבָשִׂים בְּנֵי שָׁנָה שִׁבְעָה תְּמִימִם.

28:11   And in your new moons

Judaism follows both a lunar and solar calendar.  The months are determined by the cycle of the moon, and the new month begins when the first sliver of moon reappears in the sky.  At the same time, the Jewish calendar has a solar component. Each of the holidays are supposed to fall out during a specific season in Israel reflected in the agricultural aspects of the holiday.  Pesakh, the holiday of the spring, is supposed to fall out during the springtime.  Shavuot celebrates the wheat harvest and the beginning of the fruit harvest, and Sukkot is celebrated at the end of the harvest of the crops and fruits. There is, however, an 11 day discrepancy between the two calendars.  In order to both follow the cycle of the moon and ensure that the holidays are celebrated in the appropriate season in the Land of Israel, a 13th month is added to the year 7 times in every 19 year cycle.

Comment

12  and three tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with oil, for each bullock; and two tenth parts of fine flour for a meal-offering, mingled with oil, for the one ram;

יב  וּשְׁלֹשָׁה עֶשְׂרֹנִים סֹלֶת מִנְחָה בְּלוּלָה בַשֶּׁמֶן לַפָּר הָאֶחָד וּשְׁנֵי עֶשְׂרֹנִים סֹלֶת מִנְחָה בְּלוּלָה בַשֶּׁמֶן לָאַיִל הָאֶחָד.

13  and a several tenth part of fine flour mingled with oil for a meal-offering unto every lamb; for a burnt-offering of a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto Hashem.

יג  וְעִשָּׂרֹן עִשָּׂרוֹן סֹלֶת מִנְחָה בְּלוּלָה בַשֶּׁמֶן לַכֶּבֶשׂ הָאֶחָד עֹלָה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ אִשֶּׁה לַיהוָה.

14  And their drink-offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bullock, and the third part of a hin for the ram, and the fourth part of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt-offering of every new moon throughout the months of the year.

יד  וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם חֲצִי הַהִין יִהְיֶה לַפָּר וּשְׁלִישִׁת הַהִין לָאַיִל וּרְבִיעִת הַהִין לַכֶּבֶשׂ יָיִן זֹאת עֹלַת חֹדֶשׁ בְּחָדְשׁוֹ לְחָדְשֵׁי הַשָּׁנָה.

15  And one he-goat for a sin-offering unto Hashem; it shall be offered beside the continual burnt-offering, and the drink-offering thereof.

טו  וּשְׂעִיר עִזִּים אֶחָד לְחַטָּאת לַיהוָה עַל עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד יֵעָשֶׂה וְנִסְכּוֹ.

16  And in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, is Hashem’S Pesach.

טז  וּבַחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשׁוֹן בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יוֹם לַחֹדֶשׁ פֶּסַח לַיהוָה.

17  And on the fifteenth day of this month shall be a feast; seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.

יז  וּבַחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר יוֹם לַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה חָג שִׁבְעַת יָמִים מַצּוֹת יֵאָכֵל.

18  In the first day shall be a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work;

יח  בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן מִקְרָא קֹדֶשׁ כָּל מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ.

19  but ye shall present an offering made by fire, a burnt-offering unto Hashem: two young bullocks, and one ram, and seven he-lambs of the first year; they shall be unto you without blemish;

יט  וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם אִשֶּׁה עֹלָה לַיהוָה פָּרִים בְּנֵי בָקָר שְׁנַיִם וְאַיִל אֶחָד וְשִׁבְעָה כְבָשִׂים בְּנֵי שָׁנָה תְּמִימִם יִהְיוּ לָכֶם.

20  and their meal-offering, fine flour mingled with oil; three tenth parts shall ye offer for a bullock, and two tenth parts for the ram;

כ  וּמִנְחָתָם סֹלֶת בְּלוּלָה בַשָּׁמֶן שְׁלֹשָׁה עֶשְׂרֹנִים לַפָּר וּשְׁנֵי עֶשְׂרֹנִים לָאַיִל תַּעֲשׂוּ.

21  a several tenth part shalt thou offer for every lamb of the seven lambs;

כא  עִשָּׂרוֹן עִשָּׂרוֹן תַּעֲשֶׂה לַכֶּבֶשׂ הָאֶחָד לְשִׁבְעַת הַכְּבָשִׂים.

22  and one he-goat for a sin-offering, to make atonement for you.

כב  וּשְׂעִיר חַטָּאת אֶחָד לְכַפֵּר עֲלֵיכֶם.

23  Ye shall offer these beside the burnt-offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt-offering.

כג  מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַבֹּקֶר אֲשֶׁר לְעֹלַת הַתָּמִיד תַּעֲשׂוּ אֶת אֵלֶּה.

24  After this manner ye shall offer daily, for seven days, the food of the offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto Hashem; it shall be offered beside the continual burnt-offering, and the drink-offering thereof.

כד  כָּאֵלֶּה תַּעֲשׂוּ לַיּוֹם שִׁבְעַת יָמִים לֶחֶם אִשֵּׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהוָה עַל עוֹלַת הַתָּמִיד יֵעָשֶׂה וְנִסְכּוֹ.

25  And on the seventh day ye shall have a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work.

כה  וּבַיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי מִקְרָא קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם כָּל מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ.

26  Also in the day of the first-fruits, when ye bring a new meal-offering unto Hashem in your Shavuot, ye shall have a holy convocation: ye shall do no manner of servile work;

כו  וּבְיוֹם הַבִּכּוּרִים בְּהַקְרִיבְכֶם מִנְחָה חֲדָשָׁה לַיהוָה בְּשָׁבֻעֹתֵיכֶם מִקְרָא קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם כָּל מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָה לֹא תַעֲשׂוּ.

27  but ye shall present a burnt-offering for a sweet savour unto Hashem: two young bullocks, one ram, seven he-lambs of the first year;

כז  וְהִקְרַבְתֶּם עוֹלָה לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהוָה פָּרִים בְּנֵי בָקָר שְׁנַיִם אַיִל אֶחָד שִׁבְעָה כְבָשִׂים בְּנֵי שָׁנָה.

28  and their meal-offering, fine flour mingled with oil, three tenth parts for each bullock, two tenth parts for the one ram,

כח  וּמִנְחָתָם סֹלֶת בְּלוּלָה בַשָּׁמֶן שְׁלֹשָׁה עֶשְׂרֹנִים לַפָּר הָאֶחָד שְׁנֵי עֶשְׂרֹנִים לָאַיִל הָאֶחָד.

29  a several tenth part for every lamb of the seven lambs;

כט  עִשָּׂרוֹן עִשָּׂרוֹן לַכֶּבֶשׂ הָאֶחָד לְשִׁבְעַת הַכְּבָשִׂים.

30  one he-goat, to make atonement for you.

ל  שְׂעִיר עִזִּים אֶחָד לְכַפֵּר עֲלֵיכֶם.

31  Beside the continual burnt-offering, and the meal-offering thereof, ye shall offer them they shall be unto you without blemish and their drink-offerings.

לא  מִלְּבַד עֹלַת הַתָּמִיד וּמִנְחָתוֹ תַּעֲשׂוּ תְּמִימִם יִהְיוּ לָכֶם וְנִסְכֵּיהֶם.

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Numbers 27
Numbers 29

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Numbers 28