20 Thus he measured it on the four sides; it had a wall completely surrounding it, 500 [amot] long on each side, to separate the consecrated from the unconsecrated.
l’-ar-BA ru-KHOT m’-da-DO KHO-mah LO sa-VEEV sa-VEEV O-rekh kha-MAYSH may-OT v’-RO-khav kha-MAYSH may-OT l’-hav-DEEL BAYN ha-KO-desh l’-KHOL
כ לְאַרְבַּע רוּחוֹת מְדָדוֹ חוֹמָה לוֹ סָבִיב סָבִיב אֹרֶךְ חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת וְרֹחַב חֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת לְהַבְדִּיל בֵּין הַקֹּדֶשׁ לְחֹל׃
42:20 To separate the consecrated from the unconsecrated
Yechezkel’s vision of the rebuilt Beit Hamikdash concludes with a description of its surrounding walls. These walls form a perfect square, five-hundred cubits on each side, and serve to distinguish between the holiness of Har Habayit, the Temple Mount, and the rest of Yerushalayim, where sacrifices could not be offered. The Mishna (Keilim 1:6-9) teaches that the Land of Israel possesses ten ascending levels of holiness, starting from the outskirts of the country and culminating with the Holy of Holies, the resting place of God’s Divine Presence.