1 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, the fourteenth year after the city had fallen, at the beginning of the year, the tenth day of the month—on that very day—the hand of Hashem came upon me, and He brought me there.
א בְּעֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה לְגָלוּתֵנוּ בְּרֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ בְּאַרְבַּע עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה אַחַר אֲשֶׁר הֻכְּתָה הָעִיר בְּעֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה הָיְתָה עָלַי יַד־יְהֹוָה וַיָּבֵא אֹתִי שָׁמָּה׃
2 He brought me, in visions of Hashem, to the Land of Yisrael, and He set me down on a very high mountain on which there seemed to be the outline of a city on the south.
b’-mar-OT e-lo-HEEM he-vee-A-nee el E-retz yis-ra-AYL vai-nee-KHAY-nee el HAR ga-VO-ha m’-OD v’-a-LAV k’-miv-nay EER mi-NE-gev
ב בְּמַרְאוֹת אֱלֹהִים הֱבִיאַנִי אֶל־אֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְנִיחֵנִי אֶל־הַר גָּבֹהַּ מְאֹד וְעָלָיו כְּמִבְנֵה־עִיר מִנֶּגֶב׃
40:2 And He set me down on a very high mountain
The final section of Yechezkel’s prophecy describes the building of the third Beit Hamikdash, its operation, and the re-division of the Land of Israel among the people. These chapters contain the prophet’s hopes for his people, and represent the closing of a circle that began in chapter 1. Decades earlier, Yechezkel envisioned the Divine Presence leaving Eretz Yisrael and the Temple prior to its destruction. Now, perched on the high mountain, the Temple Mount in Yerushalayim, Yechezkel can foresee the return of the People of Israel to the Land of Israel, and God’s Presence returning to His city. According to the sages, this vision comes to Yechezkel at the beginning of the yovel, the Jubilee year. Radak emphasizes how appropriate the timing of this vision is, since during the yovel, all people are freed and returned to their ancestral homes.1 comment
3 He brought me over to it, and there, standing at the gate, was a man who shone like copper. In his hand were a cord of linen and a measuring rod.
ג וַיָּבֵיא אוֹתִי שָׁמָּה וְהִנֵּה־אִישׁ מַרְאֵהוּ כְּמַרְאֵה נְחֹשֶׁת וּפְתִיל־פִּשְׁתִּים בְּיָדוֹ וּקְנֵה הַמִּדָּה וְהוּא עֹמֵד בַּשָּׁעַר׃
4 The man spoke to me: “Mortal, look closely and listen attentively and note well everything I am going to show you—for you have been brought here in order to be shown—and report everything you see to the House of Yisrael.”
5 Along the outside of the Temple [area] ran a wall on every side. The rod that the man held was six amot long, plus one tefach for each amah; and when he applied it to that structure, it measured one rod deep and one rod high.
ה וְהִנֵּה חוֹמָה מִחוּץ לַבַּיִת סָבִיב סָבִיב וּבְיַד הָאִישׁ קְנֵה הַמִּדָּה שֵׁשׁ־אַמּוֹת בָּאַמָּה וָטֹפַח וַיָּמָד אֶת־רֹחַב הַבִּנְיָן קָנֶה אֶחָד וְקוֹמָה קָנֶה אֶחָד׃
6 He went up to the gate that faced eastward and mounted its steps. He measured the threshold of the gate; it was one rod deep—the one threshold was one rod deep.
ו וַיָּבוֹא אֶל־שַׁעַר אֲשֶׁר פָּנָיו דֶּרֶךְ הַקָּדִימָה וַיַּעַל במעלותו [בְּמַעֲלוֹתָיו] וַיָּמָד אֶת־סַף הַשַּׁעַר קָנֶה אֶחָד רֹחַב וְאֵת סַף אֶחָד קָנֶה אֶחָד רֹחַב׃
7 Each recess was one rod wide and one rod deep, with [a partition of] 5 amot between recesses; and the threshold of the gate, at the inner vestibule of the gate, was one rod deep.
ז וְהַתָּא קָנֶה אֶחָד אֹרֶךְ וְקָנֶה אֶחָד רֹחַב וּבֵין הַתָּאִים חָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת וְסַף הַשַּׁעַר מֵאֵצֶל אוּלָם הַשַּׁעַר מֵהַבַּיִת קָנֶה אֶחָד׃
8 For when he measured it at the inner vestibule of the gate, it was one rod [deep].
ח וַיָּמָד אֶת־אֻלָם הַשַּׁעַר מֵהַבַּיִת קָנֶה אֶחָד׃
9 Next he measured the vestibule of the gate, and it measured 8 amot and its supports 2 amot; the vestibule of the gate was at its inner end.
ט וַיָּמָד אֶת־אֻלָם הַשַּׁעַר שְׁמֹנֶה אַמּוֹת ואילו [וְאֵילָיו] שְׁתַּיִם אַמּוֹת וְאֻלָם הַשַּׁעַר מֵהַבָּיִת׃
10 On either side of this eastern gate there were three recesses, all three of the same size; of identical sizes were also the supports on either side.
י וְתָאֵי הַשַּׁעַר דֶּרֶךְ הַקָּדִים שְׁלֹשָׁה מִפֹּה וּשְׁלֹשָׁה מִפֹּה מִדָּה אַחַת לִשְׁלָשְׁתָּם וּמִדָּה אַחַת לָאֵילִם מִפֹּה וּמִפּוֹ׃
11 He measured the opening of the gate and found it 10 amot wide, while the gate itself measured 13 amot across.
יא וַיָּמָד אֶת־רֹחַב פֶּתַח־הַשַּׁעַר עֶשֶׂר אַמּוֹת אֹרֶךְ הַשַּׁעַר שְׁלוֹשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה אַמּוֹת׃
12 At the fronts of the recesses on either side were barriers of one amah; the recesses on either side were 6 amot [deep].
13 Their openings faced each other directly across the gate passage, so that when he measured from rear of recess to rear of recess he obtained a width of 25 amot.
יג וַיָּמָד אֶת־הַשַּׁעַר מִגַּג הַתָּא לְגַגּוֹ רֹחַב עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת פֶּתַח נֶגֶד פָּתַח׃
14 He made the vestibule—60 amot—and the gate next to the support on every side of the court.
15 And [the distance] from the front of the outer gate to the front of the inner vestibule of the gate was 50 amot.
טו וְעַל פְּנֵי הַשַּׁעַר היאתון [הָאִיתוֹן] עַל־לִפְנֵי אֻלָם הַשַּׁעַר הַפְּנִימִי חֲמִשִּׁים אַמָּה׃
16 The recesses—and their supports—had windows with frames on the interior of the gate complex on both sides, and the interiors of the vestibules also had windows on both sides; and the supports were adorned with palms.
טז וְחַלֹּנוֹת אֲטֻמוֹת אֶל־הַתָּאִים וְאֶל אֵלֵיהֵמָה לִפְנִימָה לַשַּׁעַר סָבִיב סָבִיב וְכֵן לָאֵלַמּוֹת וְחַלּוֹנוֹת סָבִיב סָבִיב לִפְנִימָה וְאֶל־אַיִל תִּמֹרִים׃
17 He took me into the outer court. There were chambers there, and there was a pavement laid out all around the court. There were 30 chambers on the pavement.
18 The pavements flanked the gates; the depth of the lower pavements paralleled that of the gates.
19 Then he measured the width of the lower court, from in front of the inner gate to in front of the outer gate—100 amot. After the east [gate], the north [gate].
20 Next he measured the gate of the outer court that faced north: its length and its width,
כ וְהַשַּׁעַר אֲשֶׁר פָּנָיו דֶּרֶךְ הַצָּפוֹן לֶחָצֵר הַחִיצוֹנָה מָדַד אָרְכּוֹ וְרָחְבּוֹ׃
21 its three recesses on either side and its supports, as also its vestibule. It measured, like the first gate, 50 amot in length and 25 amot in width.
22 Its windows and [those of] its vestibule, as also its palm trees, corresponded to those of the gate that faced east. [From the outside] one had to climb 7 steps to reach it, and its vestibule was ahead of them.
כב וחלונו [וְחַלּוֹנָיו] ואלמו [וְאֵלַמָּיו] ותמרו [וְתִמֹרָיו] כְּמִדַּת הַשַּׁעַר אֲשֶׁר פָּנָיו דֶּרֶךְ הַקָּדִים וּבְמַעֲלוֹת שֶׁבַע יַעֲלוּ־בוֹ ואילמו [וְאֵילַמָּיו] לִפְנֵיהֶם׃
23 Like the east gate, the north gate faced a gate leading into the inner forecourt; and when he measured the distance from gate to gate, it was 100 amot.
24 Then he took me to the south side. There was also a gate on the south side, and he got the same measurements as before for its supports and its vestibule.
כד וַיּוֹלִכֵנִי דֶּרֶךְ הַדָּרוֹם וְהִנֵּה־שַׁעַר דֶּרֶךְ הַדָּרוֹם וּמָדַד אילו [אֵילָיו] ואילמו [וְאֵילַמָּיו] כַּמִּדּוֹת הָאֵלֶּה׃
25 Both it and its vestibule had windows like the aforementioned ones. It was 50 amot long and 25 amot wide.
26 Its staircase consisted of 7 steps; its vestibule was ahead of them, and its supports were decorated on both sides with palm trees.
כו וּמַעֲלוֹת שִׁבְעָה עלותו [עֹלוֹתָיו] ואלמו [וְאֵלַמָּיו] לִפְנֵיהֶם וְתִמֹרִים לוֹ אֶחָד מִפּוֹ וְאֶחָד מִפּוֹ אֶל־אילו [אֵילָיו׃]
27 The inner court likewise had a gate facing south; and on the south side, too, he measured a distance of 100 amot from the [outer] gate to the [inner] gate.
כז וְשַׁעַר לֶחָצֵר הַפְּנִימִי דֶּרֶךְ הַדָּרוֹם וַיָּמָד מִשַּׁעַר אֶל־הַשַּׁעַר דֶּרֶךְ הַדָּרוֹם מֵאָה אַמּוֹת׃
28 He now took me into the inner forecourt through its south gate. When he measured this south gate, it had the same measurements as the foregoing.
כח וַיְבִיאֵנִי אֶל־חָצֵר הַפְּנִימִי בְּשַׁעַר הַדָּרוֹם וַיָּמָד אֶת־הַשַּׁעַר הַדָּרוֹם כַּמִּדּוֹת הָאֵלֶּה׃
29 Its recesses, its supports, and its vestibule had the same measurements. Both it and its vestibule had windows on both sides; it was 50 amot long and 25 amot wide—
כט ותאו [וְתָאָיו] ואילו [וְאֵילָיו] ואלמו [וְאֵלַמָּיו] כַּמִּדּוֹת הָאֵלֶּה וְחַלּוֹנוֹת לוֹ ולאלמו [וּלְאֵלַמָּיו] סָבִיב סָבִיב חֲמִשִּׁים אַמָּה אֹרֶךְ וְרֹחַב עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת׃
30 vestibules on both sides, 25 amot long, 5 amot wide.
ל וְאֵלַמּוֹת סָבִיב סָבִיב אֹרֶךְ חָמֵשׁ וְעֶשְׂרִים אַמָּה וְרֹחַב חָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת׃
31 Its vestibule, however, gave on the outer court. Its supports were adorned on either side with palms, and its staircase consisted of 8 steps.
לא וְאֵלַמָּו אֶל־חָצֵר הַחִצוֹנָה וְתִמֹרִים אֶל־אילו [אֵילָיו] וּמַעֲלוֹת שְׁמוֹנֶה מעלו [מַעֲלָיו׃]
32 Then he took me to the eastern side of the inner forecourt; and when he measured the gate there, he got the same measurements:
לב וַיְבִיאֵנִי אֶל־הֶחָצֵר הַפְּנִימִי דֶּרֶךְ הַקָּדִים וַיָּמָד אֶת־הַשַּׁעַר כַּמִּדּוֹת הָאֵלֶּה׃
33 its recesses, supports, and vestibule had the above measurements. Both it and its vestibule had windows on both sides; it was 50 amot long and 25 amot wide,
34 and its vestibule gave on the outer court. Its supports were decorated on both sides with palm trees, and its staircase consisted of 8 steps.
לד ואלמו [וְאֵלַמָּיו] לֶחָצֵר הַחִיצוֹנָה וְתִמֹרִים אֶל־אלו [אֵלָיו] מִפּוֹ וּמִפּוֹ וּשְׁמֹנֶה מַעֲלוֹת מעלו [מַעֲלָיו׃]
35 Then he took me to the north gate, and found its measurements to be identical,
לה וַיְבִיאֵנִי אֶל־שַׁעַר הַצָּפוֹן וּמָדַד כַּמִּדּוֹת הָאֵלֶּה׃
36 with the same recesses, supports, vestibule, windows on both sides, and a length of 50 amot and a width of 25 amot.
37 Its supports gave on the outer court; its supports were decorated on both sides with palm trees; and its staircase consisted of eight steps.
לז ואילו [וְאֵילָיו] לֶחָצֵר הַחִיצוֹנָה וְתִמֹרִים אֶל־אילו [אֵילָיו] מִפּוֹ וּמִפּוֹ וּשְׁמֹנֶה מַעֲלוֹת מעלו [מַעֲלָיו׃]
38 A chamber opened into the gate; there the burnt offering would be washed.
לח וְלִשְׁכָּה וּפִתְחָהּ בְּאֵילִים הַשְּׁעָרִים שָׁם יָדִיחוּ אֶת־הָעֹלָה׃
39 And inside the vestibule of the gate, there were two tables on each side, at which the burnt offering, the sin offering, and the guilt offering were to be slaughtered;
לט וּבְאֻלָם הַשַּׁעַר שְׁנַיִם שֻׁלְחָנוֹת מִפּוֹ וּשְׁנַיִם שֻׁלְחָנוֹת מִפֹּה לִשְׁחוֹט אֲלֵיהֶם הָעוֹלָה וְהַחַטָּאת וְהָאָשָׁם׃
40 while outside—as one goes up toward the opening of the north gate—there were two tables on one side, and there were two tables on the other side of the gate’s vestibule.
מ וְאֶל־הַכָּתֵף מִחוּצָה לָעוֹלֶה לְפֶתַח הַשַּׁעַר הַצָּפוֹנָה שְׁנַיִם שֻׁלְחָנוֹת וְאֶל־הַכָּתֵף הָאַחֶרֶת אֲשֶׁר לְאֻלָם הַשַּׁעַר שְׁנַיִם שֻׁלְחָנוֹת׃
41 Thus there were four tables on either flank of the gate—eight tables in all—at which [the sacrifices] were to be slaughtered.
מא אַרְבָּעָה שֻׁלְחָנוֹת מִפֹּה וְאַרְבָּעָה שֻׁלְחָנוֹת מִפֹּה לְכֶתֶף הַשָּׁעַר שְׁמוֹנָה שֻׁלְחָנוֹת אֲלֵיהֶם יִשְׁחָטוּ׃
42 As for the four tables for the burnt offering—they were of hewn stone, one and a half amot long, one and a half amot wide, and one amah high—on them were laid out the instruments with which burnt offerings and sacrifices were slaughtered.
43 Shelves, one tefach wide, were attached all around the inside; and the sacrificial flesh was [laid] on the tables.
מג וְהַשְׁפַתַּיִם טֹפַח אֶחָד מוּכָנִים בַּבַּיִת סָבִיב סָבִיב וְאֶל־הַשֻּׁלְחָנוֹת בְּשַׂר הַקָּרְבָן׃
44 There were chambers for singers in the inner forecourt: [one] beside the north gate facing south, and one beside the east gate facing north.
מד וּמִחוּצָה לַשַּׁעַר הַפְּנִימִי לִשְׁכוֹת שָׁרִים בֶּחָצֵר הַפְּנִימִי אֲשֶׁר אֶל־כֶּתֶף שַׁעַר הַצָּפוֹן וּפְנֵיהֶם דֶּרֶךְ הַדָּרוֹם אֶחָד אֶל־כֶּתֶף שַׁעַר הַקָּדִים פְּנֵי דֶּרֶךְ הַצָּפֹן׃
45 [The man] explained to me: “The chamber that faces south is for the Kohanim who perform the duties of the Temple;
מה וַיְדַבֵּר אֵלָי זֹה הַלִּשְׁכָּה אֲשֶׁר פָּנֶיהָ דֶּרֶךְ הַדָּרוֹם לַכֹּהֲנִים שֹׁמְרֵי מִשְׁמֶרֶת הַבָּיִת׃
46 and the chamber that faces north is for the Kohanim who perform the duties of the mizbayach—they are the descendants of Tzadok, who alone of the descendants of Levi may approach Hashem to minister to Him.”
47 He then measured the forecourt: 100 amot long and 100 amot broad—foursquare. In front of the Temple stood the mizbayach.
48 He took me into the portico of the Temple and measured it. The jambs of the portico were 5 amot deep on either side. The width of the gate-opening was [14 amot, and the flanking wall of the gate was] 3 amot on either side.
מח וַיְבִאֵנִי אֶל־אֻלָם הַבַּיִת וַיָּמָד אֵל אֻלָם חָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת מִפֹּה וְחָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת מִפֹּה וְרֹחַב הַשַּׁעַר שָׁלֹשׁ אַמּוֹת מִפּוֹ וְשָׁלֹשׁ אַמּוֹת מִפּוֹ׃