Ezekiel 36:20
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20  But when they came to those nations, they caused My holy name to be profaned, in that it was said of them, “These are the people of Hashem, yet they had to leave His land.”

va-ya-VO el ha-go-YIM a-sher BA-u SHAM vai-kha-l’-LU et SHAYM kod-SHEE be-e-MOR la-HEM am a-do-NAI AY-leh u-may-ar-TZO ya-TZA-u

כ  וַיָּבוֹא אֶל־הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר־בָּאוּ שָׁם וַיְחַלְּלוּ אֶת־שֵׁם קָדְשִׁי בֶּאֱמֹר לָהֶם עַם־יְהֹוָה אֵלֶּה וּמֵאַרְצוֹ יָצָאוּ׃

 36:20 They caused My holy name to be profaned

Yechezkel writes that the exile of the People of Israel among the nations caused a ‘desecration of God’s name,’ in Hebrew, chilul Hashem (חילול השם). Rashi explains that in response to the exile, the nations of the world would say “these are the Lord’s people and they left His land; apparently, He did not have the power to save His people and His land.” Hence, the exile of the people from Eretz Yisrael causes the name of the Lord to be profaned. It therefore follows that the redemption of this people and their return to their homeland results in a kiddush Hashem (קידוש השם), ‘sanctification of God’s name.’ As Yechezkel writes (verses 23-24), “And I will sanctify My great name, which has been profaned among the nations… I will take you from among the nations and gather you from all the countries, and I will bring you back to your own land.”

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Ezekiel 36:20

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