5 Because you harbored an ancient hatred and handed the people of Yisrael over to the sword in their time of calamity, the time set for their punishment—
YA-an he-YOT l’-KHA ay-VAT o-LAM va-ta-GAYR et b’-nay yis-ra-AYL al y’-DAY KHA-rev b’-AYT ay-DAM b’-AYT a-VON KAYTZ
ה יַעַן הֱיוֹת לְךָ אֵיבַת עוֹלָם וַתַּגֵּר אֶת־בְּנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל־יְדֵי־חָרֶב בְּעֵת אֵידָם בְּעֵת עֲוׂן קֵץ׃
35:5 Because you harbored an ancient hatred
Although chapter 32 ended Yechezkel’s prophecies against the nations, he returns with one final chapter against the nation of Edom. The Edomites were descendants of Esau whose animosity towards his brother Yaakov was perpetuated throughout history. Esau inhabited the mountainous region on the east side of the Arava valley, around Mount Seir — a dry, barren, rocky landscape. Yechezkel explains that since the Edomites constantly assisted Israel’s enemies, God was personally against them (verse 3), and would ensure that their country would remain desolate (verse 4).