27 and divide the booty equally between the combatants who engaged in the campaign and the rest of the community.
v’-kha-TZEE-ta et ha-mal-KO-akh BAYN to-f’-SAY ha-mil-kha-MAH ha-yo-tz’-EEM la-tza-VA u-VAYN kol ha-ay-DAH
כז וְחָצִיתָ אֶת־הַמַּלְקוֹחַ בֵּין תֹּפְשֵׂי הַמִּלְחָמָה הַיֹּצְאִים לַצָּבָא וּבֵין כָּל־הָעֵדָה׃
31:27 And the rest of the community
Chapter 31 describes the war waged by the Israelites against the Midianites as retribution for the immorality and idolatry that the Midianites caused, which lead to the death of twenty-four thousand Israelites. Moshe commands that an equal number of men from each tribe be chosen to fight, and at the conclusion of the battle, the spoils of war are divided among the entire congregation. The fact that each tribe is equally represented in battle, and that everyone, even those who did not fight, is given a share in the spoils, highlights the unity of the congregation of Israel. Since they are functioning as one cohesive unit, united in the service of Hashem, they are finally ready to enter the Land of Israel and complete the journey their parents had started forty years earlier.