1 The daughters of Tzelofchad, of Manassite family—son of Hepher son of Gilad son of Machir son of Menashe son of Yosef—came forward. The names of the daughters were Machla, Noa, Chagla, Milka, and Tirtza.
3 “Our father died in the wilderness. He was not one of the faction, Korach‘s faction, which banded together against Hashem, but died for his own sin; and he has left no sons.
ג אָבִינוּ מֵת בַּמִּדְבָּר וְהוּא לֹא־הָיָה בְּתוֹךְ הָעֵדָה הַנּוֹעָדִים עַל־יְהֹוָה בַּעֲדַת־קֹרַח כִּי־בְחֶטְאוֹ מֵת וּבָנִים לֹא־הָיוּ לוֹ׃
4 Let not our father’s name be lost to his clan just because he had no son! Give us a holding among our father’s kinsmen!”
LA-mah yi-ga-RA shaym a-VEE-nu mi-TOKH mish-pakh-TO KEE AYN LO BAYN t’-NAH LA-nu a-khu-ZAH b’-TOKH a-KHAY a-VEE-nu
ד לָמָּה יִגָּרַע שֵׁם־אָבִינוּ מִתּוֹךְ מִשְׁפַּחְתּוֹ כִּי אֵין לוֹ בֵּן תְּנָה־לָּנוּ אֲחֻזָּה בְּתוֹךְ אֲחֵי אָבִינוּ׃
27:4 Give us a holding among our father’s kinsmen
After it is determined among whom Eretz Yisrael will be divided, the daughters of a deceased man named Tzelofchad approach Moshe with a complaint. The rule of inheritance is that a father’s land is inherited by his sons, but the late Tzelofchad had no sons who could inherit his portion. Moved by a deep love for the Land of Israel, Tzelofchad’s daughters complain that if nothing is done, their family will forever lose its portion of land. Rashi points out that it is no coincidence that the verse traces their lineage back to their forefather Yosef, who served as a model of love for the Promised Land when he made his brothers promise that they would take his remains with them out of Egypt, for burial in Eretz Yisrael. The women are relieved when Hashem clarifies to Moshe that in the absence of sons, a man’s land is to be inherited by his daughters. The passion for Israel exhibited by the daughters of Tzelofchad serves as a model for the special role that women have always played in settling Eretz Yisrael.1 comment
5 Moshe brought their case before Hashem.
ה וַיַּקְרֵב מֹשֶׁה אֶת־מִשְׁפָּטָן לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה׃
6 And Hashem said to Moshe,
ו וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹר׃
7 “The plea of Tzelofchad‘s daughters is just: you should give them a hereditary holding among their father’s kinsmen; transfer their father’s share to them.
ז כֵּן בְּנוֹת צְלָפְחָד דֹּבְרֹת נָתֹן תִּתֵּן לָהֶם אֲחֻזַּת נַחֲלָה בְּתוֹךְ אֲחֵי אֲבִיהֶם וְהַעֲבַרְתָּ אֶת־נַחֲלַת אֲבִיהֶן לָהֶן׃
8 “Further, speak to B’nei Yisrael as follows: ‘If a man dies without leaving a son, you shall transfer his property to his daughter.
ח וְאֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל תְּדַבֵּר לֵאמֹר אִישׁ כִּי־יָמוּת וּבֵן אֵין לוֹ וְהַעֲבַרְתֶּם אֶת־נַחֲלָתוֹ לְבִתּוֹ׃
9 If he has no daughter, you shall assign his property to his brothers.
ט וְאִם־אֵין לוֹ בַּת וּנְתַתֶּם אֶת־נַחֲלָתוֹ לְאֶחָיו׃
10 If he has no brothers, you shall assign his property to his father’s brothers.
י וְאִם־אֵין לוֹ אַחִים וּנְתַתֶּם אֶת־נַחֲלָתוֹ לַאֲחֵי אָבִיו׃
11 If his father had no brothers, you shall assign his property to his nearest relative in his own clan, and he shall inherit it.’ This shall be the law of procedure for the Israelites, in accordance with Hashem‘s command to Moshe.”
יא וְאִם־אֵין אַחִים לְאָבִיו וּנְתַתֶּם אֶת־נַחֲלָתוֹ לִשְׁאֵרוֹ הַקָּרֹב אֵלָיו מִמִּשְׁפַּחְתּוֹ וְיָרַשׁ אֹתָהּ וְהָיְתָה לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לְחֻקַּת מִשְׁפָּט כַּאֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה׃
27:12 And view the land
Though Moshe was not allowed to enter the Land of Israel, he is given an opportunity to see the land from atop the mountain of Avarim. In verse 12, Hashem tells him to go up to the mountain and “view the land”, and in verse 13 He repeats “when you have seen it.” The double language reflects the notion that Moshe saw beyond the land’s physical beauty. In addition, he was able to perceive its spiritual grandeur as well.Comment
13 When you have seen it, you too shall be gathered to your kin, just as your brother Aharon was.
יג וְרָאִיתָה אֹתָהּ וְנֶאֱסַפְתָּ אֶל־עַמֶּיךָ גַּם־אָתָּה כַּאֲשֶׁר נֶאֱסַף אַהֲרֹן אָחִיךָ׃
14 For, in the wilderness of Zin, when the community was contentious, you disobeyed My command to uphold My sanctity in their sight by means of the water.” Those are the Waters of Meribath-kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin.
15 Moshe spoke to Hashem, saying,
טו וַיְדַבֵּר מֹשֶׁה אֶל־יְהֹוָה לֵאמֹר׃
16 “Let Hashem, Source of the breath of all flesh, appoint someone over the community
טז יִפְקֹד יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי הָרוּחֹת לְכָל־בָּשָׂר אִישׁ עַל־הָעֵדָה׃
17 who shall go out before them and come in before them, and who shall take them out and bring them in, so that Hashem‘s community may not be like sheep that have no shepherd.”
יז אֲשֶׁר־יֵצֵא לִפְנֵיהֶם וַאֲשֶׁר יָבֹא לִפְנֵיהֶם וַאֲשֶׁר יוֹצִיאֵם וַאֲשֶׁר יְבִיאֵם וְלֹא תִהְיֶה עֲדַת יְהֹוָה כַּצֹּאן אֲשֶׁר אֵין־לָהֶם רֹעֶה׃
20 Invest him with some of your authority, so that the whole Israelite community may obey.
כ וְנָתַתָּה מֵהוֹדְךָ עָלָיו לְמַעַן יִשְׁמְעוּ כָּל־עֲדַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃
21 But he shall present himself to Elazar the Kohen, who shall on his behalf seek the decision of the Urim before Hashem. By such instruction they shall go out and by such instruction they shall come in, he and all the Israelites, the whole community.”
23 He laid his hands upon him and commissioned him—as Hashem had spoken through Moshe.
כג וַיִּסְמֹךְ אֶת־יָדָיו עָלָיו וַיְצַוֵּהוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה בְּיַד־מֹשֶׁה׃