Genesis 6
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1  When men began to increase on earth and daughters were born to them,

א  וַיְהִי כִּי־הֵחֵל הָאָדָם לָרֹב עַל־פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה וּבָנוֹת יֻלְּדוּ לָהֶם׃

2  the divine beings saw how beautiful the daughters of men were and took wives from among those that pleased them.

ב  וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם כִּי טֹבֹת הֵנָּה וַיִּקְחוּ לָהֶם נָשִׁים מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרוּ׃

3  Hashem said, “My breath shall not abide in man forever, since he too is flesh; let the days allowed him be one hundred and twenty years.”

ג  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה לֹא־יָדוֹן רוּחִי בָאָדָם לְעֹלָם בְּשַׁגַּם הוּא בָשָׂר וְהָיוּ יָמָיו מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה׃

4  It was then, and later too, that the Nephilim appeared on earth—when the divine beings cohabited with the daughters of men, who bore them offspring. They were the heroes of old, the men of renown.

ד  הַנְּפִלִים הָיוּ בָאָרֶץ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם וְגַם אַחֲרֵי־כֵן אֲשֶׁר יָבֹאוּ בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים אֶל־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם וְיָלְדוּ לָהֶם הֵמָּה הַגִּבֹּרִים אֲשֶׁר מֵעוֹלָם אַנְשֵׁי הַשֵּׁם׃

5  Hashem saw how great was man’s wickedness on earth, and how every plan devised by his mind was nothing but evil all the time.

ה  וַיַּרְא יְהֹוָה כִּי רַבָּה רָעַת הָאָדָם בָּאָרֶץ וְכָל־יֵצֶר מַחְשְׁבֹת לִבּוֹ רַק רַע כָּל־הַיּוֹם׃

6  And Hashem regretted that He had made man on earth, and His heart was saddened.

ו  וַיִּנָּחֶם יְהֹוָה כִּי־עָשָׂה אֶת־הָאָדָם בָּאָרֶץ וַיִּתְעַצֵּב אֶל־לִבּוֹ׃

7  Hashem said, “I will blot out from the earth the men whom I created—men together with beasts, creeping things, and birds of the sky; for I regret that I made them.”

ז  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶמְחֶה אֶת־הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר־בָּרָאתִי מֵעַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה מֵאָדָם עַד־בְּהֵמָה עַד־רֶמֶשׂ וְעַד־עוֹף הַשָּׁמָיִם כִּי נִחַמְתִּי כִּי עֲשִׂיתִם׃

8  But Noach found favor with Hashem.

ח  וְנֹחַ מָצָא חֵן בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה׃

9  This is the line of Noach.—Noach was a righteous man; he was blameless in his age; Noach walked with Hashem.—

ט  אֵלֶּה תּוֹלְדֹת נֹחַ נֹחַ אִישׁ צַדִּיק תָּמִים הָיָה בְּדֹרֹתָיו אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים הִתְהַלֶּךְ־נֹחַ׃

10  Noach begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

י  וַיּוֹלֶד נֹחַ שְׁלֹשָׁה בָנִים אֶת־שֵׁם אֶת־חָם וְאֶת־יָפֶת׃

11  The earth became corrupt before Hashem; the earth was filled with lawlessness.

יא  וַתִּשָּׁחֵת הָאָרֶץ לִפְנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים וַתִּמָּלֵא הָאָרֶץ חָמָס׃

12  When Hashem saw how corrupt the earth was, for all flesh had corrupted its ways on earth,

יב  וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וְהִנֵּה נִשְׁחָתָה כִּי־הִשְׁחִית כָּל־בָּשָׂר אֶת־דַּרְכּוֹ עַל־הָאָרֶץ׃

13  Hashem said to Noach, “I have decided to put an end to all flesh, for the earth is filled with lawlessness because of them: I am about to destroy them with the earth.

va-YO-mer e-lo-HEEM l’-NO-akh KAYTZ kol ba-SAR BA l’-fa-NAI kee ma-l’-AH ha-A-retz kha-MAS mi-p’-nay-HEM v’-hi-n’-NEE mash-khee-TAM et ha-A-retz

יג  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים לְנֹחַ קֵץ כָּל־בָּשָׂר בָּא לְפָנַי כִּי־מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ חָמָס מִפְּנֵיהֶם וְהִנְנִי מַשְׁחִיתָם אֶת־הָאָרֶץ׃

14  Make yourself an ark of gopher wood; make it an ark with compartments, and cover it inside and out with pitch.

יד  עֲשֵׂה לְךָ תֵּבַת עֲצֵי־גֹפֶר קִנִּים תַּעֲשֶׂה אֶת־הַתֵּבָה וְכָפַרְתָּ אֹתָהּ מִבַּיִת וּמִחוּץ בַּכֹּפֶר׃

15  This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark shall be three hundred amot, its width fifty amot, and its height thirty amot.

טו  וְזֶה אֲשֶׁר תַּעֲשֶׂה אֹתָהּ שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת אַמָּה אֹרֶךְ הַתֵּבָה חֲמִשִּׁים אַמָּה רָחְבָּהּ וּשְׁלֹשִׁים אַמָּה קוֹמָתָהּ׃

16  Make an opening for daylight in the ark, and terminate it within an amah of the top.Put the entrance to the ark in its side; make it with bottom, second, and third decks.

טז  צֹהַר תַּעֲשֶׂה לַתֵּבָה וְאֶל־אַמָּה תְּכַלֶנָּה מִלְמַעְלָה וּפֶתַח הַתֵּבָה בְּצִדָּהּ תָּשִׂים תַּחְתִּיִּם שְׁנִיִּם וּשְׁלִשִׁים תַּעֲשֶׂהָ׃

17  “For My part, I am about to bring the Flood—waters upon the earth—to destroy all flesh under the sky in which there is breath of life; everything on earth shall perish.

יז  וַאֲנִי הִנְנִי מֵבִיא אֶת־הַמַּבּוּל מַיִם עַל־הָאָרֶץ לְשַׁחֵת כָּל־בָּשָׂר אֲשֶׁר־בּוֹ רוּחַ חַיִּים מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמָיִם כֹּל אֲשֶׁר־בָּאָרֶץ יִגְוָע׃

18  But I will establish My covenant with you, and you shall enter the ark, with your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives.

יח  וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אִתָּךְ וּבָאתָ אֶל־הַתֵּבָה אַתָּה וּבָנֶיךָ וְאִשְׁתְּךָ וּנְשֵׁי־בָנֶיךָ אִתָּךְ׃

19  And of all that lives, of all flesh, you shall take two of each into the ark to keep alive with you; they shall be male and female.

יט  וּמִכָּל־הָחַי מִכָּל־בָּשָׂר שְׁנַיִם מִכֹּל תָּבִיא אֶל־הַתֵּבָה לְהַחֲיֹת אִתָּךְ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה יִהְיוּ׃

20  From birds of every kind, cattle of every kind, every kind of creeping thing on earth, two of each shall come to you to stay alive.

כ  מֵהָעוֹף לְמִינֵהוּ וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָה לְמִינָהּ מִכֹּל רֶמֶשׂ הָאֲדָמָה לְמִינֵהוּ שְׁנַיִם מִכֹּל יָבֹאוּ אֵלֶיךָ לְהַחֲיוֹת׃

21  For your part, take of everything that is eaten and store it away, to serve as food for you and for them.”

כא  וְאַתָּה קַח־לְךָ מִכָּל־מַאֲכָל אֲשֶׁר יֵאָכֵל וְאָסַפְתָּ אֵלֶיךָ וְהָיָה לְךָ וְלָהֶם לְאָכְלָה׃

22  Noach did so; just as Hashem commanded him, so he did.

כב  וַיַּעַשׂ נֹחַ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה אֹתוֹ אֱלֹהִים כֵּן עָשָׂה׃

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  • Phyllis Pearson

    Verse 18, and God makes a covenant and has kept it thus far, yes there have been floods and many have lost their lives, but never as they did in ther days of Noah.
    As an aside, I heard someone teaching children about Noah and the Ark, the childrens' questions had been "How did Noah make an ark large enough to accommodate all the animals?" The children asked if dinnosaurs had been in the ark, and deciding there would not be enough room for them all. One child said, "Maybe the animals were young, not fully grown. Now there's a thought!

  • Julia Kassimatis

    We Christians believe that the ARC is a type of the Lord Jesus Messiah.Only those 'in Him' will be saved from the Lake of Fire.
    There were only 8 saved during the flood because the majority was not interested about the coming flood.
    Like wise the gospel of grace of the Lord Jesus Messiah is being preached but the majority are rejection the Arc-the only way of salvation.Those who reject Him as their Lord and Saviour will go to the Lake of Fire.

    • DannyLee ben Israel

      This is a Torah study site. "We Christians" perspectives, especially those of "grace only", don't work here, or anywhere for that matter. Please understand, I don't refute the idea of grace. It's spoken of throughout the Tanakh. I'm just saying that such from the perspective of mainstream Christianity is nothing more than "sloppy agape". This type of "grace" could put YOU in the "Lake of Fire" faster than anything. If you don't believe me, just read Matthew 7: 21-23. Sorry Shira, I just couldn't resist. I pray you see the need in this specific case.
      This site also has rules against proselytizing, which is what this comment truly is. Promotion of the name, Jesus, is not permitted on this site. Citing of Scriptures other than that of the Tanakh is also not permitted. You will NEVER find the name of "Jesus" in the Tanakh (Old Testament) Scriptures. Further, this "Jesus" IS NOT the messiah of Israel. He can't be. Mainstream Christianity teaches that he abolished Torah, is finished with Israel, and now works through the church. This is blasphemy, and spoken harshly of by Moshe in Torah.

      • Pat Eroh


        I truly appreciate you keeping everyone in line with the purpose here but please understand that mainstream Christianity has never taught what you wrote. I don't want to cause any arguments because I love this site and am studying the Torah because I love Israel and the connection that I truly believe is real – in G-d and my own beliefs (including what I've been taught). G-d's promise to Israel is and always will be. That has always been my belief – G-d does not lie and is incapable of breaking His promises to Abraham.

        I hope this does not cause trouble between us as I want to stay here and learn from you. I just want you to know that Romans 11:21-23 is clear that Israel is not forsaken, that the promise is always to the house of Israel and forevermore will be. It is only through belief in G-d's promise. That is what mainstream Christianity should teach if it does not because it is exactly the truth, as the Word teaches.


      • David Susen

        I'm sure if Jewish Atheist got on this site and spouted their vitriol that would not be proselytizing. But let a believer in משיח בן יוסף utter just a word and the hackles go up. What has changed in 2000 years – nada. If the trial of Steven were today what would be different? Would it be live and let live? – No. That is why when a believer wants to make Aliyah into Eretz Yisrael they are met with all kinds of push back. But Yisrael is full of Atheists and that is just fine. Even this post will most likely not make it to this website for the same reason.

        • David Susen

          btw, The whole New Testament was written by Jews. So how could it not be considered Jewish? Just because someone doesn't like what certain Jewish people said?

    • Bill Green

      I think your going to need a bigger lake. Maybe a sea. I don't reject, he hasn't asked. He won't miss me , I don't grovel.
      Thank you DannyLee ben Israel, well said. Nothing more than "sloppy agape".

  • DannyLee ben Israel

    "Make thee an ark of gopher wood; with rooms shalt thou make (Aleph/Tav) the ark, and shalt (pitch) it within and without with (pitch)." Gen. 6: 14, The Israel Bible
    The sages say there is nothing redundant within Torah. If something is repeated within a statement, there is usually something of deeper meaning beneath the surface. Such is the case with "pitch" in the above verse.
    For the first "pitch", we find the Hebrew word, "kaphar". It means "to cover", specifically with bitumen/coating. In the figurative sense, it means expiate/condone, placate/cancel, make an atonement–forgive, mercy, pardon, reconcile.
    For the second "pitch", we find the Hebrew word, "kopher". It also means "to cover". Literally, it means "a village covered in bitumen/coating. Figuratively, it means "a redemption price, ransom, or satisfaction.
    Put the two together and we see the ark as an "atonement, a reconciliation of man (Noah & his family), mercy, and forgiveness. We also see the ark as "a redemption price or ransom, an account of sin settled.
    There is one final point of interest in this verse. The "Aleph/Tav" symbol is placed in conjunction with "the ark". The symbol would represent Messiah's atonement for all our sins, accidental or willful. It would also represent His hand of protection as we, the faithful, go though trials and tribulations, especially the tribulation about to come upon us in these end times.

    • Pat Eroh

      This is an awesome point! Thank you. Can you please offer some explanation of the significance you are finding in the "Aleph/Tav" symbol and where you are finding that (what does it look like)?

  • DannyLee ben Israel

    I must disagree with Rabbi Zalman. I think it's a huge and unreasonable stretch to come to this conclusion. The Scripture says "all the earth". In NO way does this passage even allude to the land of Israel. Scripture says "the whole earth" was covered with water. Even the tallest mountains on the planet were covered. Anyone that understands basic science knows that water will ALWAYS seek its own level. That's exactly what happened here.
    IF there is any truth to the Rabbi's conclusion, it could be seen in this example. I crawl on the ground as I work on my truck. My pants get grimy and filthy. They're going in the washing machine. I go out to eat at a restaurant and get a little bit of food on my shirt. It's nowhere near as filthy as the pants, but it goes in the same laundry load. I guarantee the level of the water is ALWAYS going to be the same for all articles in the machine.

    • DannyLee ben Israel

      There is also another curious matter. The "Aleph/Tav" symbol appears in this verse ONLY in conjunction with "ha'eretz" (the earth). The earth is the Lord's. In my comment above, my shirt and pants were not the object of destruction. It was the filth on them that needed eradication. The same should be understood with the Land of Israel. The Land WAS NOT the object of destruction. It was the filth that dwelt upon it.

      • Pat Eroh

        I was very confused about the Rabbi's statement as well. I could not picture how the water would avoid the land of Israel or why if the humans on earth were all destroyed as this chapter of Genesis states. I like your analogy that the pants and shirt are not the object of destruction but the filth upon it.

    • WL

      I disagree with his view as well…this event is also discribed in psalm 104:5-9 and clearly the waters cover the whole earth.

      Psalm 104:5-9

      [5]He established the earth upon its foundations, So that it will not totter forever and ever.
      [6] You covered it with the deep as with a garment; The waters were standing above the mountains.
      [7] At Your rebuke they fled, At the sound of Your thunder they hurried away.
      [8] The mountains rose; the valleys sank down To the place which You established for them. [9] You set a boundary that they may not pass over, So that they will not return to cover the earth.

  • Daystar Burton

    I do not understand the reference to Israel in this verse 13. I do understand that since all flesh had been corrupted, it must be destroyed. Since fallen angelic beings had corrupted nearly all flesh therefore the bloodline was contaminated. Noach and his wife had not contaminated their bloodline therefor he could bring about a new generation that still had a pure bloodline. This Creator God knew even which animals had not been contaminated and he brought all of them to Noach for their continuation. This does sound very plausible to me according to this chapter.
    We are entering into the same sort of time now and God must intervene as He did then but this time by fire according to the Word.

    • Pat Eroh

      I do not understand the reference to Israel either in Chapter 13.

      Is there a reference as to why beasts were also corrupt? Can we assume that because G-d repented of having created man and beast that both were corrupted by sin?

  • Max Kirk

    We read in the comments above: “According to many, the effects of the flood were less severe in the Land of Israel. Why did God choose to spare this land? … Since the Land of Israel is intrinsically pure, it …did not need this type of purification.” Nevertheless, we see that while the effects of the flood were less severe in the Land of Israel, they did occur there. For the flood was universal in its purpose and effect of cleansing and purifying the earth. Since the Land of Israel was itself intrinsically pure and capable of purifying itself, (see comment above), we are brought to think of the sanctifying relationship that the Land of Israel has upon the whole earth. Although the Land of Israel did not itself need to be purified, it was identified in the Flood, nonetheless, with the whole earth and the need of the earth to be purified. Thus also it holds that in the end the Land of Israel will continue to purify itself of all sin until, through the mystery of G-d’s promise in this process of the sanctification and purification of the Land of Israel, the whole earth is cleansed of all sin.

  • Shriyanee Nugawela

    After a period of time man became so sinful and disgusting to God. Now The Lord God limited the life span of man to 120 years as they were so much into sin, and God Loved Man so much that the heavenly bodies saw that God loved Man. Satan the enemy who was rebellious and wicked tried to destroy God’s creation by entering into this world, which made God’s purpose be high lightened again. ‘Purification’ but this caused God to change the type of life in this world again as there were unusual giants in the world, God decided to make change again by lifting up one man and giving him the Plan of destruction enabling purification of the universe. Thus Noah was high lighted and brought in the scene and His Ark gave New Life to humanity.

Genesis 6

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