Translation and Transliteration of
Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:
1So Yitzchak sent for Yaakov and blessed him. He instructed him, saying, “You shall not take a wife from among the Canaanite women.
vai-YIK-ra yitz-KHAK el ya-a-KOV va-y'-va-REKH o-TO va-y'-tza-VE-hu va-YO-mer LO ti-KAKH i-SHA mi-b'-NOT k'-NA-an
אוַיִּקְרָ֥א יִצְחָ֛ק אֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֖ב וַיְבָ֣רֶךְ אֹת֑וֹ וַיְצַוֵּ֙הוּ֙ וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֔וֹ לֹֽא־תִקַּ֥ח אִשָּׁ֖ה מִבְּנ֥וֹת כְּנָֽעַן׃
2Up, go to Paddan-aram, to the house of Bethuel, your mother's father, and take a wife there from among the daughters of Laban, your mother's brother,
KUM LEKH pa-DE-na A-ram BEI-tah BE-tu-EL a-VEE i-ME-kha v'-KAKH-le-KHA mi-SHAM i-SHAH mi-B'-NOT la-VAN a-KHI i-ME-kha
בק֥וּם לֵךְ֙ פַּדֶּ֣נָֽה אֲרָ֔ם בֵּ֥יתָה בְתוּאֵ֖ל אֲבִ֣י אִמֶּ֑ךָ וְקַח־לְךָ֤ מִשָּׁם֙ אִשָּׁ֔ה מִבְּנ֥וֹת לָבָ֖ן אֲחִ֥י אִמֶּֽךָ׃
3May El Shaddai bless you, make you fertile and numerous, so that you become an assembly of peoples.
v'-EL sha-DAI y'-va-REKH o-T'-KHA v'-yaf-R'-KHA v'-yar-BE-kha v'-ha-YI-ta l'-k'-HAL a-mi-YIM
גוְאֵ֤ל שַׁדַּי֙ יְבָרֵ֣ךְ אֹֽתְךָ֔ וְיַפְרְךָ֖ וְיַרְבֶּ֑ךָ וְהָיִ֖יתָ לִקְהַ֥ל עַמִּֽים׃
4May He grant the blessing of Avraham to you and your offspring, that you may possess the land where you are sojourning, which Hashem assigned to Avraham.”
v'-yi-ten l'-KHA et bir-KAT av-ra-HAM l'-KHA ul-zar-a-KHA i-TAKH l'-rish-t'-KHA et E-retz m'-gu-RE-kha a-sher na-TAN e-lo-HEEM l'-av-ra-HAM
דוְיִֽתֶּן־לְךָ֙ אֶת־בִּרְכַּ֣ת אַבְרָהָ֔ם לְךָ֖ וּלְזַרְעֲךָ֣ אִתָּ֑ךְ לְרִשְׁתְּךָ֙ אֶת־אֶ֣רֶץ מְגֻרֶ֔יךָ אֲשֶׁר־נָתַ֥ן אֱלֹהִ֖ים לְאַבְרָהָֽם׃
5Then Yitzchak sent Yaakov off, and he went to Paddan-aram, to Laban the son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rivka, mother of Yaakov and Esau.
vai-YISH-lakh yitz-KHAK et ya-a-KOV vai-YAY-lekh pa-DE-na a-RAm el la-VAN ben b'-tu-EL ha-a-ra-MEE a-KHI riv-KAH, AYM ya-a-KOV v'-E-sav.
הוַיִּשְׁלַ֤ח יִצְחָק֙ אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹ֔ב וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ פַּדֶּ֣נָֽה אֲרָ֑ם אֶל־לָבָ֤ן בֶּן־בְּתוּאֵל֙ הָֽאֲרַמִּ֔י אֲחִ֣י רִבְקָ֔ה אֵ֥ם יַעֲקֹ֖ב וְעֵשָֽׂו׃
6When Esau saw that Yitzchak had blessed Yaakov and sent him off to Paddan-aram to take a wife from there, charging him, as he blessed him, “You shall not take a wife from among the Canaanite women,”
vai-YAR e-SAV ki-VE-rakh yitz-KHAK et-ya-a-KOV, v'-shi-LAKH o-TO pa-DE-na a-RAM, la-ka-KHAT-lo mi-SHAM i-SHAH, b'-va-RE-kho o-TO, va-Y'-tza-va a-LAV lay-MOR: lo-ti-KAKH i-SHAH mi-b'-no-TOT k'-NA-an
ווַיַּ֣רְא עֵשָׂ֗ו כִּֽי־בֵרַ֣ךְ יִצְחָק֮ אֶֽת־יַעֲקֹב֒ וְשִׁלַּ֤ח אֹתוֹ֙ פַּדֶּ֣נָֽה אֲרָ֔ם לָקַֽחַת־ל֥וֹ מִשָּׁ֖ם אִשָּׁ֑ה בְּבָרְכ֣וֹ אֹת֔וֹ וַיְצַ֤ו עָלָיו֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר לֹֽא־תִקַּ֥ח אִשָּׁ֖ה מִבְּנ֥וֹת כְּנָֽעַן׃
7and that Yaakov had obeyed his father and mother and gone to Paddan-aram,
vai-YISH-ma ya-a-KOV el a-VEEV v'-el i-MO vai-YE-lekh pa-DE-na a-RAM
זוַיִּשְׁמַ֣ע יַעֲקֹ֔ב אֶל־אָבִ֖יו וְאֶל־אִמּ֑וֹ וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ פַּדֶּ֥נָֽה אֲרָֽם׃
8Esau realized that the Canaanite women displeased his father Yitzchak.
vai-YAR es-AV KI ra-OT b'-NOT k'-NA-an b'-ay-NAY yitz-KHAK a-VEE-v
חוַיַּ֣רְא עֵשָׂ֔ו כִּ֥י רָע֖וֹת בְּנ֣וֹת כְּנָ֑עַן בְּעֵינֵ֖י יִצְחָ֥ק אָבִֽיו׃
9So Esau went to Ishmael and took to wife, in addition to the wives he had, Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael son of Avraham, sister of Nebaioth.
vai-YAY-lekh e-SAV el yish-ma-AYL va-yi-KAKH et-ma-cha-LAT bat yish-ma-AYL ben av-ra-HAM a-KHOT ne-va-YOT al-na-SHAV lo l'-i-SHAH. (SeLaH)
טוַיֵּ֥לֶךְ עֵשָׂ֖ו אֶל־יִשְׁמָעֵ֑אל וַיִּקַּ֡ח אֶֽת־מָחֲלַ֣ת ׀ בַּת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֨אל בֶּן־אַבְרָהָ֜ם אֲח֧וֹת נְבָי֛וֹת עַל־נָשָׁ֖יו ל֥וֹ לְאִשָּֽׁה׃
10Yaakov left Be'er Sheva, and set out for Haran.
vai-YAY-tzay ya-a-KOV mi-b'-AYR sha-VA va-YAY-lekh kha-RA-na
יוַיֵּצֵ֥א יַעֲקֹ֖ב מִבְּאֵ֣ר שָׁ֑בַע וַיֵּ֖לֶךְ חָרָֽנָה׃
11He came upon a certain place and stopped there for the night, for the sun had set. Taking one of the stones of that place, he put it under his head and lay down in that place.
va-yif-GA ba-ma-KOHM va-ya-LAYN shahm ki va ha-SHE-mesh va-yi-KAKH me-ahv-NAY ha-ma-KOME va-ya-SAYM m'-ra-sho-TAV va-yish-KAHV ba-ma-KOHM ha-HU
יאוַיִּפְגַּ֨ע בַּמָּק֜וֹם וַיָּ֤לֶן שָׁם֙ כִּי־בָ֣א הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ וַיִּקַּח֙ מֵאַבְנֵ֣י הַמָּק֔וֹם וַיָּ֖שֶׂם מְרַֽאֲשֹׁתָ֑יו וַיִּשְׁכַּ֖ב בַּמָּק֥וֹם הַהֽוּא׃
28:11 He came upon a certain place
Where is the place that Yaakov slept? American congregational Rabbi David Stavsky explained in one of his High Holy Day sermons that the Hebrew word used in this verse is ba-makom (בַּמקום), ‘upon the place,’ and not bi-makom (בְּמקום), ‘upon a place.’ The use of the definite article means this refers to the most important spot in the entire world. As Rabbi Stavsky said, Yaakov came upon “the place where Jacob’s father Isaac, and his grandfather Abraham, had built an altar. The place where Isaac was bound to the altar. The place which, for centuries, has tied us to Hashem. Hamakom, ‘the place,’ was Mount Moriah, eventually to become the heart and soul of Jerusalem, and it was as if a magnet had drawn young Jacob to wander the hot Mesopotamian desert that night, to that particular place. And dear friends, I dare say that whatever force pulled Jacob to that place that night, pulls you and me to that place. It is a deep mystical pull. It is holiness.”
12He had a dream; a stairway was set on the ground and its top reached to the sky, and angels of Hashem were going up and down on it.
vai-ya-kha-LOM v'-hi-NEH su-LAM mu-TZAV ar-TZAH v'-RO-sho ma-GEE-a ha-sha-MA-y'-MAH v'-hi-NEH mal-a-KHAY e-lo-HEEM o-LEEM v'-yo-r'-DEEM BO
יבוַֽיַּחֲלֹ֗ם וְהִנֵּ֤ה סֻלָּם֙ מֻצָּ֣ב אַ֔רְצָה וְרֹאשׁ֖וֹ מַגִּ֣יעַ הַשָּׁמָ֑יְמָה וְהִנֵּה֙ מַלְאֲכֵ֣י אֱלֹהִ֔ים עֹלִ֥ים וְיֹרְדִ֖ים בּֽוֹ׃
13And Hashem was standing beside him and He said, “I am Hashem, the God of your father Avraham and the God of Yitzchak: the ground on which you are lying I will assign to you and to your offspring.
v'-hi-NEH a-do-NAI ni-TZAV a-LAV, va-YO-mer: a-NEE a-do-NAI e-lo-HAY a-v'RA-ham a-VEE-kha, v'-e-lo-HAY yitz-KHAK, ha-A-retz a-SHER a-TAH sho-KHEV a-LE-ha, LE-kha et-TE-ne-Na u-l'-za-re-E-kha
יגוְהִנֵּ֨ה יְהֹוָ֜ה נִצָּ֣ב עָלָיו֮ וַיֹּאמַר֒ אֲנִ֣י יְהֹוָ֗ה אֱלֹהֵי֙ אַבְרָהָ֣ם אָבִ֔יךָ וֵאלֹהֵ֖י יִצְחָ֑ק הָאָ֗רֶץ אֲשֶׁ֤ר אַתָּה֙ שֹׁכֵ֣ב עָלֶ֔יהָ לְךָ֥ אֶתְּנֶ֖נָּה וּלְזַרְעֶֽךָ׃
14Your descendants shall be as the dust of the earth; you shall spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All the families of the earth shall bless themselves by you and your descendants.
v'-ha-YA za-r'-AKH ka-a-far ha-A-retz u-fa-RAT-ta YA-MA va-KE-dem-MA va-TZA-fo-NA va-NEG-ba va-niv-r'-KHU v'-KHA kol-mish-p'-KHOT ha-a-da-MAH u-v'-zar-E-kha
ידוְהָיָ֤ה זַרְעֲךָ֙ כַּעֲפַ֣ר הָאָ֔רֶץ וּפָרַצְתָּ֛ יָ֥מָּה וָקֵ֖דְמָה וְצָפֹ֣נָה וָנֶ֑גְבָּה וְנִבְרְכ֥וּ בְךָ֛ כׇּל־מִשְׁפְּחֹ֥ת הָאֲדָמָ֖ה וּבְזַרְעֶֽךָ׃
15Remember, I am with you: I will protect you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.”
v'-hi-NEH a-NO-khee i-MACH u-sh'-mar-TEE-kha b'-KOL a-SHER tay-LAYKH, va-ha-shi-VO-TEE-kha el ha-a-da-MAH ha-ZOT, KEE lo e-a-ZOV-kha AD a-SHER im a-SEE-tee AYT a-SHER di-BAR-tee LAKH
טווְהִנֵּ֨ה אָנֹכִ֜י עִמָּ֗ךְ וּשְׁמַרְתִּ֙יךָ֙ בְּכֹ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־תֵּלֵ֔ךְ וַהֲשִׁ֣בֹתִ֔יךָ אֶל־הָאֲדָמָ֖ה הַזֹּ֑את כִּ֚י לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱזׇבְךָ֔ עַ֚ד אֲשֶׁ֣ר אִם־עָשִׂ֔יתִי אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבַּ֖רְתִּי לָֽךְ׃
16Yaakov awoke from his sleep and said, “Surely Hashem is present in this place, and I did not know it!”
vai-YI-katz ya-a-KOV mi-sh'-NA-to, vai-YO-mer a-KHEN, YAYSH a-do-NAI ba-ma-KOM ha-ZEH, v'-a-NO-khi lo ya-DA-tee.
טזוַיִּיקַ֣ץ יַעֲקֹב֮ מִשְּׁנָתוֹ֒ וַיֹּ֕אמֶר אָכֵן֙ יֵ֣שׁ יְהֹוָ֔ה בַּמָּק֖וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה וְאָנֹכִ֖י לֹ֥א יָדָֽעְתִּי׃
17Shaken, he said, “How awesome is this place! This is none other than the abode of Hashem, and that is the gateway to heaven.”
va-yee-RA va-yo-MAR mah no-RA ha-ma-KOM ha-ZEH AYN ZEH KEE im BAYT e-lo-HEEM v'-ZEH SHA-ar ha-sha-MA-yim
יזוַיִּירָא֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר מַה־נּוֹרָ֖א הַמָּק֣וֹם הַזֶּ֑ה אֵ֣ין זֶ֗ה כִּ֚י אִם־בֵּ֣ית אֱלֹהִ֔ים וְזֶ֖ה שַׁ֥עַר הַשָּׁמָֽיִם׃
28:17 This is none other than the abode of Hashem
According to Rashi, these words refer to the Temple Mount in Yerushalayim. He explains that the foot of the ladder in Yaakov’s dream was in Be’er Sheva, and its head was in Beit El. Therefore the middle of the ladder hung over Mount Moriah and the intensity of the encounter with Hashem occurred in that spot. When Yaakov awakens, he realizes that he has seen no ordinary place, but “the abode of Hashem,” the most intimate spot for prayers to ascend heavenward and the site where the Beit Hamikdash would later stand. The Beit Hamikdash is referred to here as ‘abode’ or ‘house’ because in the Temple, Hashem’s revealed presence – the shechina (שכינה) – dwells with His people, just as a husband dwells intimately with his wife in their home.
18Early in the morning, Yaakov took the stone that he had put under his head and set it up as a pillar and poured oil on the top of it.
vai-YASH-kem ya-a-KOV ba-BO-ker vai-YI-kakh et ha-E-ven a-SHER-sam me-ra-a-SHO-tav vai-YA-sem o-TAH ma-TZE-va vai-YI-tzok SHE-men al-RO-shah
יחוַיַּשְׁכֵּ֨ם יַעֲקֹ֜ב בַּבֹּ֗קֶר וַיִּקַּ֤ח אֶת־הָאֶ֙בֶן֙ אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֣ם מְרַֽאֲשֹׁתָ֔יו וַיָּ֥שֶׂם אֹתָ֖הּ מַצֵּבָ֑ה וַיִּצֹ֥ק שֶׁ֖מֶן עַל־רֹאשָֽׁהּ׃
19He named that site Beit El; but previously the name of the city had been Luz.
va-yik-RA et shaym ha-ma-KOM ha-HU bayt EL v'-u-LAM LUZ shaym ha-EER la-ri-sho-NAH
יטוַיִּקְרָ֛א אֶת־שֵֽׁם־הַמָּק֥וֹם הַה֖וּא בֵּֽית־אֵ֑ל וְאוּלָ֛ם ל֥וּז שֵׁם־הָעִ֖יר לָרִאשֹׁנָֽה׃
28:19 He named that site Beit El
When Yaakov arrives in Beit El, the city near which his grandfather Avraham called to Hashem for the first time in the Land of Israel (Genesis 12:8), he recognizes its unique spiritual character. From that moment on, Beit El appears throughout the Bible as a special location for prayer. The Hebrew name Beit El means “The House of the Lord,” and signifies its powerful purpose. Rabbi Zalman Sorotzkin explains that a home protects a person from the elements, extreme temperatures and rain. Similarly, we are meant to view “The House of the Lord” as a safe haven, protecting us from danger and therefore an ideal location for coming close to God.
20Yaakov then made a vow, saying, “If Hashem remains with me, if He protects me on this journey that I am making, and gives me bread to eat and clothing to wear,
vai-yi-DAR ya-a-KOV NE-der lay-MOR: im yih-YEH e-lo-HEEM i-ma-DEE ush-ma-RA-nee ba-DE-rekh ha-ZEH a-SHER a-no-KHEE ho-LAYKH, v'-na-tan LEE LE-khem le-e-KHOL u-VE-ged lil-BOSH
כוַיִּדַּ֥ר יַעֲקֹ֖ב נֶ֣דֶר לֵאמֹ֑ר אִם־יִהְיֶ֨ה אֱלֹהִ֜ים עִמָּדִ֗י וּשְׁמָרַ֙נִי֙ בַּדֶּ֤רֶךְ הַזֶּה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָנֹכִ֣י הוֹלֵ֔ךְ וְנָֽתַן־לִ֥י לֶ֛חֶם לֶאֱכֹ֖ל וּבֶ֥גֶד לִלְבֹּֽשׁ׃
21and if I return safe to my father's house—Hashem shall be my God.
v'-sha-VEE b'-sha-LOM el bayt a-VEE, va-HA-ya a-do-NAI lee l'-e-lo-HEEM
כאוְשַׁבְתִּ֥י בְשָׁל֖וֹם אֶל־בֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑י וְהָיָ֧ה יְהֹוָ֛ה לִ֖י לֵאלֹהִֽים׃
22And this stone, which I have set up as a pillar, shall be Hashem's abode; and of all that You give me, I will set aside a tithe for You.”
v'-ha-E-ven ha-ZOT a-SHER sa-M'-TI ma-tzay-VAH y'-HE-yeh BAYT e-lo-HEEM v'-KOL a-SHER ti-TEN-LEE a-SER a-a-S'-RE-nu LAKH
כבוְהָאֶ֣בֶן הַזֹּ֗את אֲשֶׁר־שַׂ֙מְתִּי֙ מַצֵּבָ֔ה יִהְיֶ֖ה בֵּ֣ית אֱלֹהִ֑ים וְכֹל֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּתֶּן־לִ֔י עַשֵּׂ֖ר אֲעַשְּׂרֶ֥נּוּ לָֽךְ׃