Genesis 4
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1  Now the man knew his wife Chava, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have gained a male child with the help of Hashem.”

א  וְהָאָדָם יָדַע אֶת־חַוָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד אֶת־קַיִן וַתֹּאמֶר קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת־יְהֹוָה׃

2  She then bore his brother Abel. Abel became a keeper of sheep, and Cain became a tiller of the soil.

ב  וַתֹּסֶף לָלֶדֶת אֶת־אָחִיו אֶת־הָבֶל וַיְהִי־הֶבֶל רֹעֵה צֹאן וְקַיִן הָיָה עֹבֵד אֲדָמָה׃

3  In the course of time, Cain brought an offering to Hashem from the fruit of the soil;

ג  וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיָּבֵא קַיִן מִפְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה מִנְחָה לַיהֹוָה׃

4  and Abel, for his part, brought the choicest of the firstlings of his flock. Hashem paid heed to Abel and his offering,

ד  וְהֶבֶל הֵבִיא גַם־הוּא מִבְּכֹרוֹת צֹאנוֹ וּמֵחֶלְבֵהֶן וַיִּשַׁע יְהֹוָה אֶל־הֶבֶל וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ׃

5  but to Cain and his offering He paid no heed. Cain was much distressed and his face fell.

ה  וְאֶל־קַיִן וְאֶל־מִנְחָתוֹ לֹא שָׁעָה וַיִּחַר לְקַיִן מְאֹד וַיִּפְּלוּ פָּנָיו׃

6  And Hashem said to Cain, “Why are you distressed, And why is your face fallen?

ו  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל־קָיִן לָמָּה חָרָה לָךְ וְלָמָּה נָפְלוּ פָנֶיךָ׃

7  Surely, if you do right, There is uplift. But if you do not do right Sin couches at the door; Its urge is toward you, Yet you can be its master.”

ז  הֲלוֹא אִם־תֵּיטִיב שְׂאֵת וְאִם לֹא תֵיטִיב לַפֶּתַח חַטָּאת רֹבֵץ וְאֵלֶיךָ תְּשׁוּקָתוֹ וְאַתָּה תִּמְשָׁל־בּוֹ׃

8  Cain said to his brother Abel and when they were in the field, Cain set upon his brother Abel and killed him.

ח  וַיֹּאמֶר קַיִן אֶל־הֶבֶל אָחִיו וַיְהִי בִּהְיוֹתָם בַּשָּׂדֶה וַיָּקָם קַיִן אֶל־הֶבֶל אָחִיו וַיַּהַרְגֵהוּ׃

9  Hashem said to Cain, “Where is your brother Abel?” And he said, “I do not know. Am I my brother’s keeper?”

ט  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל־קַיִן אֵי הֶבֶל אָחִיךָ וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא יָדַעְתִּי הֲשֹׁמֵר אָחִי אָנֹכִי׃

10  Then He said, “What have you done? Hark, your brother’s blood cries out to Me from the ground!

י  וַיֹּאמֶר מֶה עָשִׂיתָ קוֹל דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ צֹעֲקִים אֵלַי מִן־הָאֲדָמָה׃

11  Therefore, you shall be more cursed than the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand.

יא  וְעַתָּה אָרוּר אָתָּה מִן־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר פָּצְתָה אֶת־פִּיהָ לָקַחַת אֶת־דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ מִיָּדֶךָ׃

12  If you till the soil, it shall no longer yield its strength to you. You shall become a ceaseless wanderer on earth.”

KEE ta-a-VOD et HA-a-da-MAH lo to-SAYF tayt ko-KHAH LAKH NA va-NAD tih-YEH va-A-retz

יב  כִּי תַעֲבֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה לֹא־תֹסֵף תֵּת־כֹּחָהּ לָךְ נָע וָנָד תִּהְיֶה בָאָרֶץ׃

 4:12   You shall become a ceaseless wanderer on earth

The Hebrew for ‘ceaseless wanderer’ in this verse is na v’nad (נע ונד). Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch distinguishes the word na (נע) from nad (נד). Na refers to a wanderer who can find no physical resting place on Earth, whereas a nad is a wanderer whose connection to mankind has been severed. Cain’s punishment isolated him from the land as well as from all of mankind; he was cursed with an inability to find a homeland or a society, and subsequently his sin was too much to bear. The privilege of living in a homeland among a society of people who share a common lineage is no small matter. The return of Jewish sovereignty to its biblical homeland in our time, after thousands of years of exile, is truly a mark of God’s hand in this world.2 comments

13  Cain said to Hashem, “My punishment is too great to bear!

יג  וַיֹּאמֶר קַיִן אֶל־יְהֹוָה גָּדוֹל עֲוׁנִי מִנְּשֹׂא׃

14  Since You have banished me this day from the soil, and I must avoid Your presence and become a restless wanderer on earth—anyone who meets me may kill me!”

יד  הֵן גֵּרַשְׁתָּ אֹתִי הַיּוֹם מֵעַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה וּמִפָּנֶיךָ אֶסָּתֵר וְהָיִיתִי נָע וָנָד בָּאָרֶץ וְהָיָה כָל־מֹצְאִי יַהַרְגֵנִי׃

15  Hashem said to him, “I promise, if anyone kills Cain, sevenfold vengeance shall be taken on him.” And Hashem put a mark on Cain, lest anyone who met him should kill him.

טו  וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ יְהֹוָה לָכֵן כָּל־הֹרֵג קַיִן שִׁבְעָתַיִם יֻקָּם וַיָּשֶׂם יְהֹוָה לְקַיִן אוֹת לְבִלְתִּי הַכּוֹת־אֹתוֹ כָּל־מֹצְאוֹ׃

16  Cain left the presence of Hashem and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden.

טז  וַיֵּצֵא קַיִן מִלִּפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּאֶרֶץ־נוֹד קִדְמַת־עֵדֶן׃

17  Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Chanoch. And he then founded a city, and named the city after his son Chanoch.

יז  וַיֵּדַע קַיִן אֶת־אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד אֶת־חֲנוֹךְ וַיְהִי בֹּנֶה עִיר וַיִּקְרָא שֵׁם הָעִיר כְּשֵׁם בְּנוֹ חֲנוֹךְ׃

18  To Chanoch was born Irad, and Irad begot Mehujael, and Mehujael begot Methusael, and Methusael begot Lemech.

יח  וַיִּוָּלֵד לַחֲנוֹךְ אֶת־עִירָד וְעִירָד יָלַד אֶת־מְחוּיָאֵל וּמְחִיּיָאֵל יָלַד אֶת־מְתוּשָׁאֵל וּמְתוּשָׁאֵל יָלַד אֶת־לָמֶךְ׃

19  Lemech took to himself two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other was Zillah.

יט  וַיִּקַּח־לוֹ לֶמֶךְ שְׁתֵּי נָשִׁים שֵׁם הָאַחַת עָדָה וְשֵׁם הַשֵּׁנִית צִלָּה׃

20  Adah bore Jabal; he was the ancestor of those who dwell in tents and amidst herds.

כ  וַתֵּלֶד עָדָה אֶת־יָבָל הוּא הָיָה אֲבִי יֹשֵׁב אֹהֶל וּמִקְנֶה׃

21  And the name of his brother was Jubal; he was the ancestor of all who play the lyre and the pipe.

כא  וְשֵׁם אָחִיו יוּבָל הוּא הָיָה אֲבִי כָּל־תֹּפֵשׂ כִּנּוֹר וְעוּגָב׃

22  As for Zillah, she bore Tubal-cain, who forged all implements of copper and iron. And the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

כב  וְצִלָּה גַם־הִוא יָלְדָה אֶת־תּוּבַל קַיִן לֹטֵשׁ כָּל־חֹרֵשׁ נְחֹשֶׁת וּבַרְזֶל וַאֲחוֹת תּוּבַל־קַיִן נַעֲמָה׃

23  And Lemech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of Lemech, give ear to my speech. I have slain a man for wounding me, a lad for bruising me.

כג  וַיֹּאמֶר לֶמֶךְ לְנָשָׁיו עָדָה וְצִלָּה שְׁמַעַן קוֹלִי נְשֵׁי לֶמֶךְ הַאְזֵנָּה אִמְרָתִי כִּי אִישׁ הָרַגְתִּי לְפִצְעִי וְיֶלֶד לְחַבֻּרָתִי׃

24  If Cain is avenged sevenfold, Then Lemech seventy-sevenfold.”

כד  כִּי שִׁבְעָתַיִם יֻקַּם־קָיִן וְלֶמֶךְ שִׁבְעִים וְשִׁבְעָה׃

25  Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and named him Shet, meaning, “Hashem has provided me with another offspring in place of Abel,” for Cain had killed him.

כה  וַיֵּדַע אָדָם עוֹד אֶת־אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַתִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמוֹ שֵׁת כִּי שָׁת־לִי אֱלֹהִים זֶרַע אַחֵר תַּחַת הֶבֶל כִּי הֲרָגוֹ קָיִן׃

26  And to Shet, in turn, a son was born, and he named him Enosh. It was then that men began to invoke Hashem by name.

כו  וּלְשֵׁת גַּם־הוּא יֻלַּד־בֵּן וַיִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמוֹ אֱנוֹשׁ אָז הוּחַל לִקְרֹא בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה׃

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Genesis 3
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  • Dorothy

    The return of Jewish sovereignty to its biblical homeland in our time, after thousands of years of exile, is truly a mark of God’s hand in this world. FORFILLED prophecy , God spoke an din due season he fulfilled his word to his children the Hebrew -Jewish Israeli people, and those redeemed grafted in. Isaiah prophesied 120 years before King Cyrus was even born that he would be the king who would permit the Jews to return to their land… And Isaiah the prophet calls him by name! Isaiah 44:28 … “who says of Cyrus, ‘He is my shepherd and will accomplish all that I please;’ he will say of Jerusalem, ‘Let it be rebuilt,’ and of the temple, “Let its foundations be laid.” Israel’s rebirth in the year 1948 and Jerusalem being recaptured in the year 1967 predicted in the Scriptures!
    Did you know that in Ezekiel 4, G-d told the Jewish prophet Ezekiel to tell Israel that they would suffer 430 years of judgment for their sins? We know that we served the first 70 years of that judgment when our people were taken captive in Babylon. So what does all of this have to do with anything? Well, let’s first understand that in the Scripture, a year represents 360 days because it is based on the Hebrew calendar. From the time of our captivity in Babylon which began in 606 B.C., add 70 years X 360 days for each year, then take into account the calendar corrections they made in those years that were similar to our leap years, and they were in captivity for the equivalent of 69 years (as we count years). Now add 69 years to 606 B.C. and the Babylonian captivity ended in 537 B.C.
    But did G-d just forget about the other 360 years? NO! G-d keeps His word. In Leviticus 26, G-d tells us four times that He will multiply his punishments on us 7 times if we do not obey Him the first time! Oh boy, you mean we will be under His judgment for 360 years X 7, or 2520 years? YES! Now, if you take the 2520 years and make the same adjustments for leap years and changes in calendars over the years and multiply the 360 days X 2520 years, you will have 907,200 days.
    Now add 907,200 days to 537 B.C. (remember there is no 0 year) and you come to 1948! Do you remember David Ben Gurion declaring on international radio, using Ezekiel as his authority, the restoring to us of Israel as the new Jewish state?
    Is G-d consistent? We also know that in 587 B.C. Jerusalem fell. If you add the same 69 Biblical years of captivity to 587 B.C., you come to 518 B.C. So let’s do it again. Add the 907,200 days to 518 B.C. (remember there is no ‘0’ year) and you come to 1967! You probably remember the stunning victory Israel had over her enemies. As a result of the “Six Day War”, Israel regained control of Jerusalem in the very year her punishment for disobedience ended!
    Think about this… No other people group has ever been systematically exterminated, forced to renounce their beliefs and their language, yet still remains. No other people group has lost their language and got it back. Who am I talking about? The Jews. We are proof that the Scriptures speak the truth. Isaiah 66:8 Who has ever heard of such a thing? Who has ever seen such things? Can a country be born in a day or a nation be brought forth in a moment? Israel was!

  • Let us be straight on this; Adam and Eve (Ish v'Isha) where not shamed by their nakedness. Gen.Chapter 2; 25 The two of them were naked, the man and his wife, yet they felt no shame.
    Chapter 3, 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened and they perceived that they were naked; and they sewed together fig leaves and made themselves loincloths.
    The shame was from disobeying G-d.
    Also, G-d made Ish v'Isha in His image. Only image possible is Spiritual, as G-d strongly said He has no physical for, also as He was at the beginning,, so He shall be at the end. "I, the L-rd, does not change.
    As for the image of HaShem, spiritual, were there humans before Adam? In not, where did Cain get his wife, with whom he settled in the land of Nob?
    If I wrote in a language you do not know, you would not know what I write. Same in communicating what went before us; to have the Sacred Word take hold, they had to communicate in a way the readers could understand. As we learn through the centuries (We shall learn, and we shall do" at Mount Sinai)
    So later, when there came about those who could understand HaShem, more accurate communication was possible.
    Thank you and Shalom.

  • And Hebrews 11:4 says Abel got offerings by faith.

  • I always believe that scripture should interpret scripture. In Chapter 2 verse 21 says Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife Eve, and clothed them. This scripture tells us that God killed a life to cover the nakedness of man. Kayin gave offering from the ground which was cursed.
    God looked favorable on Hevel's offering cos it was a blood offering. The same blood offering given by God to cover the nakedness of man.

    • Yes, the first offering innitialy perform Hashem Himself.

      • Dorothy

        the clothing with skins in the garden, shading of blood is when God first used the blood of a lamb as a covering, to atone for mans sins, or to cover his sin, shame. As the blood of animals has never atoned for the sin, but cover it and God forgave, I agree Hashem, God offered and initiated the first offering, or shading of blood- and this was a teaching, for Adam, EVE to follow in. Right?

    • Dorothy

      I think part of what misleads mankind is everyone believes we have to interpret Gods word, I believe once in it its original language, God word says what it means– a word has one true meaning not ten meanings- so it is with Gods word, one meaning just like prophecy one meaning not ten. Because we use sounds, and sometimes more then one work, to make other words- and for better grammar, we find our selves at a lost, We have to go back to the word or root word, original word, and meaning, and stand on it, do not add to it.. yes, means yes, no means no- I think . peace,

  • Wouldn't it be the words:"My punishment is greater than I can bear", Cain uttered to HaShem. Wasn't his thinking of HaShem too small, too small his idea of the love of our G-d. Moreover , Chawa's thoughts about her son Hevel were as if he was to be the promised Massiach (Gen.3:15). Then maybe Jealousy played a distinct role in the thinking of Cain. And also his words can be read in a different perspective: his sin was greater than could be forgiven, than he could bear. He killed Massiach !

  • Perhaps it's simpler than the fruit of the ground verses the blood. Perhaps Kayin's sacrifice was not the best of what he had to offer? He may have had abundance, but instead of sorting thru his abundance to find the best without blemish, he just grabbed a bunch of his produce and offered that?

  • What is the significant of Verses 23 and 24 where Lamech tells his wives: If Kayin shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.

  • For all that Cain was virtually exiled, from his seed came one of my favourite men Enoch. This was the first time God showed that he would take what seemed to be unclean and use it as he built the Nation of Israel. We live in a world where success is often the goal, winning is all, where weakness is looked down on. But here we see God taking a man who had killed and his seed becoming an important feature/a stepping stone, so to speak, in the lineage of David.
    One day we will see the full picture, like that of a tapestry, now we see the knots and ties and the changing of colours, but not the full and perfect picture. Hashem sees all and intertwines all that are important in his master design.

    • Can you or the Rabbi help me understand your comment? I do not know the history of Enoch. Only bits and pieces. Shall I be patient?

    • just to add, I thought the line of Israel came from Seth?

  • I am reminded by the rabbi’s commentary above of the lyrics to a song that was popular in the 1960s. “There was a boy, a very strange enchanted boy, and he did wander very far over land and sea”. At the end of his wandering, at the end of the song, we are told the greatest thing the boy ever learned was just to love and be loved in return. It seems that Cain never learned this repentance. The Jewish People, however, who also have wandered, have ceased to wander and may be well on the way to becoming an example to the nations of the lessons of repentance and love

  • God was pleased with Chava – Eve as she brought forth sons, for continuation of the world for God’s Glory. Kayin was tiller of the ground while Hevel was keeper of sheep. I see favoritism by God because His purpose was to cleanse with Blood. Therefore God preferred Hevel’s offering which was the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof, while Kayin’s offering of the fruit of the ground God did not respect. Maybe God’s purpose was the Blood being the produce of life and not the produce of Earth. Thus Kayin was offended and became angry which resulted in jealousy, ending up in killing of the accepted one – Hevel. For the 2nd time God showed His disapprove towards mankind and punishment was that again he was thrown out of society this time, and Caine cried out for Mercy to God saying “My punishment is greater than I can bear” and he went out from the Presence of God and lived in the land of Nod on the east of Eden. Man has since been a fugitive and wanderer and Samson one of the last judges too shows this. History repeats and the process of purifying goes on.

    • Very good point but I would still like to hear from the Rabbi’s why the offering of Kayin was not acceptable. Actually, I would like to hear from the Father on this. For me, this is a bit of a conundrum.

      • I share your feelings in this matter. Here is a possibility for consideration. Abel’s offering was the best of something he did not toil to make. Hashem made the animal. Abel only cared for it. Even though the seed was made by Hashem, Cain had to toil to create the final product. That labor was not a sin, but was inferior as a sacrifice to Elohim. It’s like the Altar of the Temple. It can’t be made of stones hewn by man. Only those made by Hashem and unaltered in any way by man makes an acceptable Altar. Those are just my thoughts. Like you, I’m still praying for deeper revelations.

        • I always understood it had to be a blood sacrifice in order to cover sin.

      • I, like others, agree with you. This seems, on the most basic level, so unfair. Even if God requires the blood sacrifice that ultimately is fulfilled in the Messiah, my conundrum involves what Kayin was expected to do – if he tilled the ground, where would he get the sacrifice? It seems that this is where the Israelis tended to go off in "buying" the blood sacrifices that were not really sacrifices to them – just a purchase.

        Either way, with respect to my God who is beyond my understanding, please help us understand your ways.

    • I think Hashem really likes first of all for Him as thank giving.Adam give from first,but KAYIN in process of time…

    • We can not blame the Creator Almighty for our weaknesses. Kayin's offering was not right and he knew how to make it right that is to follow his brother's way. Instead he kill his brother because of jealousy and pride. The situation is all around us among ourselves we are Kayin and we are about to fall like him if we allow ourselves to not look what is right in the sight of YHWH. If we knew the Messiah and what he did for us all that we may humble ourselves and follow him. Instead we are more ready to kill our brother!

Genesis 4

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