Genesis 2
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  The heaven and the earth were finished, and all their array.

א  וַיְכֻלּוּ הַשָּׁמַיִם וְהָאָרֶץ וְכָל־צְבָאָם׃

2  On the seventh day Hashem finished the work that He had been doing, and He ceased on the seventh day from all the work that He had done.

ב  וַיְכַל אֱלֹהִים בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי מְלַאכְתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וַיִּשְׁבֹּת בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי מִכָּל־מְלַאכְתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה׃

3  And Hashem blessed the seventh day and declared it holy, because on it Hashem ceased from all the work of creation that He had done.

ג  וַיְבָרֶךְ אֱלֹהִים אֶת־יוֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִי וַיְקַדֵּשׁ אֹתוֹ כִּי בוֹ שָׁבַת מִכָּל־מְלַאכְתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר־בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים לַעֲשׂוֹת׃

4  Such is the story of heaven and earth when they were created. When Hashem made earth and heaven—

ד  אֵלֶּה תוֹלְדוֹת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְהָאָרֶץ בְּהִבָּרְאָם בְּיוֹם עֲשׂוֹת יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶרֶץ וְשָׁמָיִם׃

5  when no shrub of the field was yet on earth and no grasses of the field had yet sprouted, because Hashem had not sent rain upon the earth and there was no man to till the soil,

v’-KHOL SEE-akh ha-sa-DEH TE-rem yih-YEH va-A-retz v’-khol AY-sev ha-sa-DEH TE-rem yitz-MAKH KEE LO him-TEER a-do-NAI e-lo-HEEM al ha-A-retz v’-a-DAM A-yin la-a-VOD et ha-a-da-MAH

ה  וְכֹל שִׂיחַ הַשָּׂדֶה טֶרֶם יִהְיֶה בָאָרֶץ וְכָל־עֵשֶׂב הַשָּׂדֶה טֶרֶם יִצְמָח כִּי לֹא הִמְטִיר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים עַל־הָאָרֶץ וְאָדָם אַיִן לַעֲבֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה׃

 2:5   Because Hashem had not sent rain upon the earth

The land was poised to allow its seeds to sprout, but God did not bring forth rain to allow them to grow, because there was no man yet to work the land.  Hashem did not bring rain until there was a person who could recognize the necessity for rain, and, says Rashi, pray for rain. During its short rainy season, Eretz Yisrael is dependent on adequate rainfall to produce yearly crops. It is God’s design that the Jews living in Israel are to strengthen their relationship with Him through daily prayer requesting adequate rainfall and a successful agricultural season. Since Hashem desires a deep relationship with man, He incorporated the need for prayer, the ultimate form of dialogue between man and God, within the natural order.Comment

6  but a flow would well up from the ground and water the whole surface of the earth—

ו  וְאֵד יַעֲלֶה מִן־הָאָרֶץ וְהִשְׁקָה אֶת־כָּל־פְּנֵי־הָאֲדָמָה׃

7  Hashem formed man from the dust of the earth. He blew into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being.

ז  וַיִּיצֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם עָפָר מִן־הָאֲדָמָה וַיִּפַּח בְּאַפָּיו נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים וַיְהִי הָאָדָם לְנֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה׃

8  Hashem planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and placed there the man whom He had formed.

ח  וַיִּטַּע יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים גַּן־בְעֵדֶן מִקֶּדֶם וַיָּשֶׂם שָׁם אֶת־הָאָדָם אֲשֶׁר יָצָר׃

9  And from the ground Hashem caused to grow every tree that was pleasing to the sight and good for food, with the tree of life in the middle of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and bad.

ט  וַיַּצְמַח יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מִן־הָאֲדָמָה כָּל־עֵץ נֶחְמָד לְמַרְאֶה וְטוֹב לְמַאֲכָל וְעֵץ הַחַיִּים בְּתוֹךְ הַגָּן וְעֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע׃

10  A river issues from Eden to water the garden, and it then divides and becomes four branches.

י  וְנָהָרּ יֹצֵא מֵעֵדֶן לְהַשְׁקוֹת אֶת־הַגָּן וּמִשָּׁם יִפָּרֵד וְהָיָה לְאַרְבָּעָה רָאשִׁים׃

11  The name of the first is Pishon, the one that winds through the whole land of Havilah, where the gold is.

יא  שֵׁם הָאֶחָד פִּישׁוֹן הוּא הַסֹּבֵב אֵת כָּל־אֶרֶץ הַחֲוִילָה אֲשֶׁר־שָׁם הַזָּהָב׃

12  The gold of that land is good; bdellium is there, and lapis lazuli.)

יב  וּזֲהַב הָאָרֶץ הַהִוא טוֹב שָׁם הַבְּדֹלַח וְאֶבֶן הַשֹּׁהַם׃

13  The name of the second river is Gichon, the one that winds through the whole land of Cush.

יג  וְשֵׁם־הַנָּהָר הַשֵּׁנִי גִּיחוֹן הוּא הַסּוֹבֵב אֵת כָּל־אֶרֶץ כּוּשׁ׃

14  The name of the third river is Tigris, the one that flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

יד  וְשֵׁם הַנָּהָר הַשְּׁלִישִׁי חִדֶּקֶל הוּא הַהֹלֵךְ קִדְמַת אַשּׁוּר וְהַנָּהָר הָרְבִיעִי הוּא פְרָת׃

15  Hashem took the man and placed him in Gan Eden, to till it and tend it.

טו  וַיִּקַּח יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הָאָדָם וַיַּנִּחֵהוּ בְגַן־עֵדֶן לְעָבְדָהּ וּלְשָׁמְרָהּ׃

16  And Hashem commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you are free to eat;

טז  וַיְצַו יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים עַל־הָאָדָם לֵאמֹר מִכֹּל עֵץ־הַגָּן אָכֹל תֹּאכֵל׃

17  but as for the tree of knowledge of good and bad, you must not eat of it; for as soon as you eat of it, you shall die.”

יז  וּמֵעֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע לֹא תֹאכַל מִמֶּנּוּ כִּי בְּיוֹם אֲכָלְךָ מִמֶּנּוּ מוֹת תָּמוּת׃

18  Hashem said, “It is not good for man to be alone; I will make a fitting helper for him.”

יח  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים לֹא־טוֹב הֱיוֹת הָאָדָם לְבַדּוֹ אֶעֱשֶׂהּ־לּוֹ עֵזֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ׃

19  And Hashem formed out of the earth all the wild beasts and all the birds of the sky, and brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that would be its name.

יט  וַיִּצֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מִן־הָאֲדָמָה כָּל־חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה וְאֵת כָּל־עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וַיָּבֵא אֶל־הָאָדָם לִרְאוֹת מַה־יִּקְרָא־לוֹ וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר יִקְרָא־לוֹ הָאָדָם נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה הוּא שְׁמוֹ׃

20  And the man gave names to all the cattle and to the birds of the sky and to all the wild beasts; but for Adam no fitting helper was found.

כ  וַיִּקְרָא הָאָדָם שֵׁמוֹת לְכָל־הַבְּהֵמָה וּלְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּלְכֹל חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה וּלְאָדָם לֹא־מָצָא עֵזֶר כְּנֶגְדּוֹ׃

21  So Hashem cast a deep sleep upon the man; and, while he slept, He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that spot.

כא  וַיַּפֵּל יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים תַּרְדֵּמָה עַל־הָאָדָם וַיִּישָׁן וַיִּקַּח אַחַת מִצַּלְעֹתָיו וַיִּסְגֹּר בָּשָׂר תַּחְתֶּנָּה׃

22  And Hashem fashioned the rib that He had taken from the man into a woman; and He her to the man.

כב  וַיִּבֶן יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים אֶת־הַצֵּלָע אֲשֶׁר־לָקַח מִן־הָאָדָם לְאִשָּׁה וַיְבִאֶהָ אֶל־הָאָדָם׃

23  Then the man said, “This one at last Is bone of my bones And flesh of my flesh. This one shall be called Woman, For from man was she taken.”

כג  וַיֹּאמֶר הָאָדָם זֹאת הַפַּעַם עֶצֶם מֵעֲצָמַי וּבָשָׂר מִבְּשָׂרִי לְזֹאת יִקָּרֵא אִשָּׁה כִּי מֵאִישׁ לֻקֳחָה־זֹּאת׃

24  Hence a man leaves his father and mother and clings to his wife, so that they become one flesh.

כד  עַל־כֵּן יַעֲזָב־אִישׁ אֶת־אָבִיו וְאֶת־אִמּוֹ וְדָבַק בְּאִשְׁתּוֹ וְהָיוּ לְבָשָׂר אֶחָד׃

25  The two of them were naked, the man and his wife, yet they felt no shame.

 

כה  וַיִּהְיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם עֲרוּמִּים הָאָדָם וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וְלֹא יִתְבֹּשָׁשׁוּ׃

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Comments ( 26 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bibleā„¢.

  • Hello my precious beautiful Rabbi. Bless you and your family.
    May I ask… How did Adam, bless him, know about parents? Before Eve was formed, bless her, Adam was on his own, and knew nothing else??
    Would he have learnt through the animals? Or would G-d have sat him down and had ‘the talk’? Did G-d plant instinct in Adam, as He did birds and Animals?..
    Thankyou… Bless bless bless you..

    • Profile photo of Shira Schechter (Moderator)

      Margaret, Rabbi Tuly appreciates your comment. While the Torah does not say how Adam and Eve knew about intimacy, it does tell us that they were instructed to “be fruitful and multiply” (Genesis 1:28). Similarly, when it says “and they shall be one flesh” (Genesis 2:24), many commentators understand this as a reference to having children which combines part of the man and part of the woman into one flesh. Whether it was through instinct, instruction from God or by observing the animals, God made sure that Adam and Eve would be able to fulfill this command appropriately.

    • Umm! My theory would be that just as we are each born there is something formed/planted within us that as we just recognise things that God has planted in us. Have you ever seen or heard something, and thought "I know that or this is familiar?" and yet you have no doubt that you don't remember haaving actually done or heard it. Just as an animal knows instinctively how to hunt for food, or how to birth kittens and they know exactly what has to be done, those things were planted in each animals DNA and they just know. So too with us I think. Adam just knew! Does that make sense Shira?

      • We may never know. You analogy about animals knowing how to hunt because of instinct may be true for some animals but not for cats. A kitten's mother must teach the kitten how to hunt, kill, and eat a mouse or any other animal or the kitten when it grows up will only play with the mouse but never kill it or eat it. That is what happens when a kitten is taken away from t's mother too soon. We know that Adam and Eve found out or knew from instinct how to make babies because they had a son. There are enough people in the world at this time that I, for one, never worry about that knowledge being lost if it is learned knowledge.

  • G_d instructed Adam and Eve to be fruitful and multiply…this was said before the cunning serpent got his way..I know this is a red herring question but why is it Adam and Eve had children only AFTER they were expelled from the garden? The bible does mention children prior?

    • Profile photo of Shira Schechter (Moderator)

      Whether Adam and Eve had children before they were expelled from the Garden of Eden is actually a debate among the commentators. Rabbi David Kimchi, for example, believes that they did not experience sexual desire before eating from the forbidden fruit, and therefore only had children after they were kicked out of the garden. The Talmud, however, says that Adam and Eve engaged in marital relations on the day that they were created and had at least two children, if not more, in the Garden of Eden. According to this view, Cain and Abel could have been born in the Garden of Eden even though we don’t learn of their births until later.

      • So when we do learn about Cain and Abel, as Cain kills Abel and is punished by G-d but marked so that any man who encounters Cain will not kill him – who else would be on the earth (or the Garden) to encounter Cain? Also, Cain takes a wife and we often wonder would that be his sister or niece or ??? Could many years have passed to cause many "people" to be on the earth?

        Thank you so much for allowing a place for us to talk and consider what G-d's Word has to tell us.

      • I don't think Abel and Cain were born at the garden it's very clear only Adam and Eve were driven out of the garden. And the Tree of Knowledge is not about sex. The Tree, the fruit, the serpent not literal. It has a deep spiritual meaning we need to learn. Like for example both Tree of Knowledge and Tree of life they are figurative both can grow within us if we are his children. The Tree of Knowledge give fruit of intellect, knowhow, pride, ambition which will lead us to difficulties, struggles, hardships, wars, sufferings, oppressions, etc. that will hurt or destroy our head. While the Tree of life is humility, kindness, love, humble, peaceful, etc. etc. will only hurt our heel and will walk us through life eternal.

  • “0f every tree of the garden you may freely eat…” Trust G-d with all your soul to provide and care for you. “And of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it…” Do not depend upon your own intelligence to sustain your life, instead of the wisdom of G-d. “For there is a way that seems right to a person but its destination is death.”

  • God did not allow growth to take place immediately because there was no ‘rain’ that came from above. It kept alive only by the waters that refreshed from under, until Mankind was able to work. God created Land, all beast of the field and every fowl of the air only for Man and Man named them as he wished. Man was alone and One, and did not fit in with the rest of creation until God then, decided to make another as companion for him. Therefore God did an operation on Adam, took out a rib from him and made woman creating a new part in her – ‘the womb’ which was the reproductive organ which man did not have, giving way for multiplication – children. I think God did not create 2 of the same kind the same way. God created only One. This proves that God did not want division. And He Blessed him as One. God is a disciplined Person and wanted man to be disciplined. God is perfect and wanted man to be perfect as His Image is, but sinfulness – disobedience separated man from God. From that moment of time man belonged to earth and became corrupted and experienced nakedness.

  • When G-d created Adam, He created him as a perfect whole package. In him was everything that was needed to be one.. however, Adam was alone. G-d then took from out of the perfect package that part that was needed for Adam to “multiply”. Thus He formed Eve from a rib of Adam. At that time they were perfect in G-d’s eyes. There was nothing that made them feel ashamed. The moment they became disobedient and ate of that fateful tree then they realised nakedness. Nakedness being the fact that they were separated from G-d and the covering that He had placed over them. Their relationship then deteriorated from that time onward and nowhere do we ever read that they were restored back into that which they had. They were dead in every aspect of their lives. Even G-d Himself had to “kill” in order to clothe them and to cover their “shame”

    • wow – awesome thoughts on how man's shame was destructive throughout nature.

      I often wonder – what if Eve has resisted and man had not fallen. But God knows our thoughts and what we need before we even think them. Thank you God.

  • Please enlighten me what is the reason why YHWH took Adams’ rib to formed a woman? Could he not just create Eve without using body parts of Adam?

    • I've come to understand the illustration God gave us: man and woman are one once we are married and committed to each other. God could not say Man and Woman are one if He created Eve from the ground. The ground is always changing. We pick up soil with our feet changing the earth we step on. It could have been days after God created Adam that He created Eve. Therefor the ground or dust was not the same. The only thing God could use was Adam to form Eve. Thus man and woman are from one creation and thus this unity continues when married which is one reason why divorce is frowned upon.

  • As I have read this chapter and the forming of Eve from one of Adam’s ribs, there is a word in the 23rd verse where he calls her woman and as I looked up the Hebrew words a while ago, I saw that one of the words had a definition, beating and I got the impression that this new creature much like himself was a kind of beating of his heart. So for me, it was as though it was saying that his wife or companion in the garden and forever was like the beating of his heart.
    Have I gone too far astray or am I understanding correctly?
    By the way, thank you so much for this awesome opportunity to participate.

    • Profile photo of Sharon Jill

      Your line of thinking goes along with what I've always thought. The Woman is the heart of the family-the soul, nurturer, comforter. The Man the head-provider, overseer. Both the head and the heart are equally important, both are needed to sustain life Both depend on each other. Both are as one as in God's great design and purpose.

      • I love both comments. I had not known previously that woman was "heart" and I thank you for this information. But it does make perfect sense as the scripture always does when I study it closely.

  • Adam and Eve were instructed to be fruitful and multiply and to replenish the earth. To replenish connotes that there were beings on earth that were destroyed and Adam and Eve were to start a race made in the image of G-d.
    I’ve asked this question before but never received an answer. Do you think Adam and Eve were to fill or to refill the earth?

    • Sylvia Majetich – I would love to read a response to this as well.

      My personal opinion is that they were to fill – for the first time but that is only based on 50 some odd years of teaching, not on a clear understanding that I have of the scriptures.

  • I like the idea of a communing of man toward Elohim. It may be similar to the concept that Father allows us to endure various trials and tribulations. If everything in our lives were just “peachy” all the time, we might not sense a need to commune with Him. There is also present in this verse that curious mystery I posed in chapter one. That little word, “et” (aleph Tav), appears in conjunction with the word, “ground”. In that, I am reminded of the words of David in Psalms 24: 1. “The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof…” The earth belongs to Him and He gives it to whom He will, like Jacob rather than Esau. Could it be Hashem is setting the record straight right up front?

    • Dear Rabbi, I have heard that the translation 'rib' from which we read Eve was formed is not actually accurate and rather that the original word is better translated 'side'. What would you say about this? On another note, isn't it wonderful that the oneness of man and woman should be evident from the very very beginning and that God's grand design is that there can be no offspring without both a man and a woman! He loves togetherness! Truly a beautiful plan from the heart of our beautiful Creator! To be made in His image is His perfect thought, His best idea, His precious gift and so little do we grasp our preciousness to Him. May our hearts be ever hearing His truth and ever following Him in wonder…

  • The Tree that God commanded Adam and Eve not to eat from was called "The Tree of the knowledge of Good and Evil." But if a person pays close attention to the text and to what Satan tells Eve. and to the Consequences to Adam and Eve from eating the fruit of that tree, what they will see is that what eating the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil really gave the person; was the idea or belief that they could by their own thinking (be like the Gods), know what is Good and what is Evil, and therefore not have to obey God's Commandments! And, breaking God's Commandments does bring Death; Spiritual death for sure and physical death at times.

  • Oh how I love that our Creator is so about relationship, intimacy and connection, with HIM, other men and women and all creation <3

  • I just honed in on Verse 3, after having read about the number seven, have you thought that God did not bless any other of the days? But Day Seven, the perfect number, the number of completion. God saw that every other day was 'Good' , but the seventh He blessed, and, if I read it correctly Shira, all things were completed on Day 7. We dot our i's and we cross our T's, God does more, much, much more!

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