Genesis 15:18
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18  On that day Hashem made a covenant with Avram, saying, “To your offspring I assign this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates:

ba-YOM ha-HU ka-RAT a-do-NAI et av-RAM b’-REET lay-MOR l’-zar-a-KHA na-TA-tee et ha-A-retz ha-ZOT mi-n’-HAR mitz-RA-yim ad ha-na-HAR ha-ga-DOL n’-har p’-RAT

יח  בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כָּרַת יְהֹוָה אֶת־אַבְרָם בְּרִית לֵאמֹר לְזַרְעֲךָ נָתַתִּי אֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת מִנְּהַר מִצְרַיִם עַד־הַנָּהָר הַגָּדֹל נְהַר־פְּרָת׃

 15:18   To your offspring I assign this land

In this monumental covenant between Hashem and Avraham, God states that on this day He has given the Land of Israel to Avraham’s descendants. While Hashem uses the term natatee (נתתי), ‘I have given,’ in the past tense, in reference to generations that have not yet been born, Rashi explains that this is not a grammatical error. Since God’s word is the ultimate truth, it is as if it has already been done. Though it took more than four hundred years until this promise was fulfilled, the children of Avraham waited with faith. This patient waiting served as good practice for the nearly two thousand years of waiting that preceded our present return to Zion. With the birth of the State of Israel, another promise to Avraham has been fulfilled.

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Genesis 15
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  • Jay

    Its funny that people dont see Abraham was the next mixed man to teach unity Elohim picked because of this he didnt not let his circumstances change his righteousness Abba is simple showing us we are all 1 and from 1 and are to live and work in unity Yeshua is the law is the flesh lol people wake up jews what we call it is the next mixed race a culture of many to teach untiy but thru mans own pride and evil they kill the dark skinned abandoned the albinos duper pale condem the cripple all that are born different such a shame the church is supposed to be a society that represents Elohim and his was the gentile is the culture of free will non spiritual God gave us 2 choices we turn it into a maze a cruel slavery system.

  • Ida Harrison

    Logical. Since the Promise was given to Avraham and is seed, however long it took, God had and directed Avraham to dwell in FAITH, PATIENCE, and OBEDIENCE to see SEE it fulfilled ; and it was. In Isaac; the son who brought laughter and renewed faith to he and Sarai —He is called Father of many nations, especially the nation of Israel, and God meant it. He had to SEE , small fulfillment in order to renew his patient faith. In Abraham, will My Seed be called!

  • I guess it's a question of just how big an individuals idea of God is, I feel since He told Abraham to look in all directions, and that ALL he see's will belong to his seed, the true land is exactly what was spoken. It's criminal in my opinion that only a sliver is left. Chpt 15 is interesting in that for the first time in the Scriptures the words " the word of the Lord came" and later, in the NT we're told that Jesus is the Word. Jesus would also say "Abram rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it". Also for the first time we see"vision or visions"- shield, and reward. Also God refers to Himself as I AM, Jesus uses I AM many times. Also first use of Lord GOD(all capital letters) Capital L always refers to God, little l refers to man.Sarah called Abraham her lord. Only our FAITH is counted as righteousness. 15:19-21 All that the Israelites were to completely conquer, they failed to conquer, unfortunately.

  • "There is no paradox here, says Rashi, for God’s word is the ultimate truth and is as good as done."
    Yes, and it's also an indication of the Great Authority of the God of Israel. He is the Owner of the earth and gives it to them who is good in His eyes.

  • This verse also gives a very enormous land grant to Avraham and his descendants. Today, we consider Israel to be from the Yarden to the Med and Gaza to the Golan. Yet, Israel today could be placed within this land grant maybe a hundred times or more over. Israel in David's day wasn't even that big. Just think about it for a minute.
    The Euphrates starts somewhere in southern Turkey and runs east/southeast through Syria, Iraq, and empties into the Persian Gulf. The Nile begins at the Med and runs south through Egypt for about 6000 miles near the southern end of Africa. That would give Israel, at the very least, part of Turkey, all of Syria, half of Iraq, all of Saudi Arabia, all of the countries bordering the Persia Gulf on the east and south along the Indian Ocean to Yemen. And, we haven't even mentioned the Nile yet.
    Speaking of the Nile, we have a river that splits Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, and southward to a point below the southernmost point of the Arabian peninsula. Instead of having only two ports at Haifa, and Ashdod, this Land grant gives a myriad of options on both sides of the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the entire west coast of the Persian Gulf. From just about any point within that vast land grant, coming to Yerushalyem for the feasts would be a "piece of cake".

  • I have heard it said, "God said it, I believe it, and that settles it". With that said, Rashi hit that nail squarely on the head. There is another curious thought that emits from his statement. He correctly quotes Scripture as saying, "I have given". Certainly, that covenant covers those not yet born, even to all of us today. However, it's in the past tense. The question is begged. Just how far back in the past does this bestowing go? Can we rightfully apply the Scriptural phrase, "before the foundation of the world"? If so, I may owe an apology for some the the comments I've made regarding Israel before it was Israel.

    • 'God is not a man that He should lie' I have always thought that with Him when He speaks it is 'Yes and Amen!'
      Just as surely as God knew us before the foundation of the world He knew that Israel would have the lands He [Hashem] would give/bequeath and covenant to Israel. There has never been a doubt in my mind concerning this, what we don't understand is that Hashem's timing is not like ours. Hashem didn't tell Adam or Noah about the land as the timing and the right people were not in right time and place. He knew when Abraham was born and had planted in his DNA all the things that He [Hashem] was going to bring about in Abraham's life. Why else would Abraham instinctively hear and trust what Gad had said to him, re the stars et al, but it was in him to understand and accept – without question. That's how great our God is!

      • Sorry, a pc glitch or my bad eye sight – That should have been God, not gad.

Genesis 15:18

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