Genesis 1
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Listen to this chapter in Hebrew:

1  In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

b’-ray-SHEET ba-RA e-lo-HEEM ayt ha-sha-MA-yim v’-ayt ha-A-retz

א  בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ.

1:1   In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth

If the Bible is essentially a book of law, why does it begin with the stories of Genesis?  Would it not make more sense to skip the stories and start with the legal sections of the Torah? Rashi, a famed medieval commentator, explains that one day the nations of the world will accuse the Jewish People of stealing the Land of Israel.  In response, the Jews will point to the Bible which begins by telling us that God created the heaven and the earth.  Since God is the Creator of the world, He may give it to whomever He wishes.  With this realization, it is understood that the Land of Israel is God’s to give to Abraham and his descendants.


1:1   In the beginning

The first word in the Torah begins with the letter ב/bet (בראשית), while the last word in the Torah ends with the letter ל/lamed.  Together, these two letters spell the word ‘lev’ (לב), which means ‘heart.’ Torah is the heart of the Jewish people and is an expression of God’s love towards all of mankind; by studying it, we can access the ‘heart’ of God.

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2  Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.

ב  וְהָאָרֶץ הָיְתָה תֹהוּ וָבֹהוּ וְחֹשֶׁךְ עַל פְּנֵי תְהוֹם וְרוּחַ אֱלֹהִים מְרַחֶפֶת עַל פְּנֵי הַמָּיִם.

3  And God said: ‘Let there be light.’ And there was light.

ג  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יְהִי אוֹר וַיְהִי אוֹר.

4  And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness.

ד  וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת הָאוֹר כִּי טוֹב וַיַּבְדֵּל אֱלֹהִים בֵּין הָאוֹר וּבֵין הַחֹשֶׁךְ.

5  And God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.

ה  וַיִּקְרָא אֱלֹהִים לָאוֹר יוֹם וְלַחֹשֶׁךְ קָרָא לָיְלָה וַיְהִי עֶרֶב וַיְהִי בֹקֶר יוֹם אֶחָד.

6  And God said: ‘Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.’

ו  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יְהִי רָקִיעַ בְּתוֹךְ הַמָּיִם וִיהִי מַבְדִּיל בֵּין מַיִם לָמָיִם.

7  And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament; and it was so.

ז  וַיַּעַשׂ אֱלֹהִים אֶת הָרָקִיעַ וַיַּבְדֵּל בֵּין הַמַּיִם אֲשֶׁר מִתַּחַת לָרָקִיעַ וּבֵין הַמַּיִם אֲשֶׁר מֵעַל לָרָקִיעַ וַיְהִי כֵן.

8  And God called the firmament Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.

ח  וַיִּקְרָא אֱלֹהִים לָרָקִיעַ שָׁמָיִם וַיְהִי עֶרֶב וַיְהִי בֹקֶר יוֹם שֵׁנִי.

9  And God said: ‘Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear.’ And it was so.

ט  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יִקָּווּ הַמַּיִם מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמַיִם אֶל מָקוֹם אֶחָד וְתֵרָאֶה הַיַּבָּשָׁה וַיְהִי כֵן.

10  And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters called He Seas; and God saw that it was good.

י  וַיִּקְרָא אֱלֹהִים לַיַּבָּשָׁה אֶרֶץ וּלְמִקְוֵה הַמַּיִם קָרָא יַמִּים וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים כִּי טוֹב.

11  And God said: ‘Let the earth put forth grass, herb yielding seed, and fruit-tree bearing fruit after its kind, wherein is the seed thereof, upon the earth.’ And it was so.

יא  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים תַּדְשֵׁא הָאָרֶץ דֶּשֶׁא עֵשֶׂב מַזְרִיעַ זֶרַע עֵץ פְּרִי עֹשֶׂה פְּרִי לְמִינוֹ אֲשֶׁר זַרְעוֹ בוֹ עַל הָאָרֶץ וַיְהִי כֵן.

12  And the earth brought forth grass, herb yielding seed after its kind, and tree bearing fruit, wherein is the seed thereof, after its kind; and God saw that it was good.

יב  וַתּוֹצֵא הָאָרֶץ דֶּשֶׁא עֵשֶׂב מַזְרִיעַ זֶרַע לְמִינֵהוּ וְעֵץ עֹשֶׂה פְּרִי אֲשֶׁר זַרְעוֹ בוֹ לְמִינֵהוּ וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים כִּי טוֹב.

13  And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.

יג  וַיְהִי עֶרֶב וַיְהִי בֹקֶר יוֹם שְׁלִישִׁי.

14  And God said: ‘Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years;

יד  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יְהִי מְאֹרֹת בִּרְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמַיִם לְהַבְדִּיל בֵּין הַיּוֹם וּבֵין הַלָּיְלָה וְהָיוּ לְאֹתֹת וּלְמוֹעֲדִים וּלְיָמִים וְשָׁנִים.

15  and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth.’ And it was so.

טו  וְהָיוּ לִמְאוֹרֹת בִּרְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמַיִם לְהָאִיר עַל הָאָרֶץ וַיְהִי כֵן.

16  And God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night; and the stars.

טז  וַיַּעַשׂ אֱלֹהִים אֶת שְׁנֵי הַמְּאֹרֹת הַגְּדֹלִים אֶת הַמָּאוֹר הַגָּדֹל לְמֶמְשֶׁלֶת הַיּוֹם וְאֶת הַמָּאוֹר הַקָּטֹן לְמֶמְשֶׁלֶת הַלַּיְלָה וְאֵת הַכּוֹכָבִים.

17  And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

יז  וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם אֱלֹהִים בִּרְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמָיִם לְהָאִיר עַל הָאָרֶץ.

18  and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness; and God saw that it was good.

יח  וְלִמְשֹׁל בַּיּוֹם וּבַלַּיְלָה וּלְהַבְדִּיל בֵּין הָאוֹר וּבֵין הַחֹשֶׁךְ וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים כִּי טוֹב.

19  And there was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.

יט  וַיְהִי עֶרֶב וַיְהִי בֹקֶר יוֹם רְבִיעִי.

20  And God said: ‘Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let fowl fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.’

כ  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יִשְׁרְצוּ הַמַּיִם שֶׁרֶץ נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה וְעוֹף יְעוֹפֵף עַל הָאָרֶץ עַל פְּנֵי רְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמָיִם.

21  And God created the great sea-monsters, and every living creature that creepeth, wherewith the waters swarmed, after its kind, and every winged fowl after its kind; and God saw that it was good.

כא  וַיִּבְרָא אֱלֹהִים אֶת הַתַּנִּינִם הַגְּדֹלִים וְאֵת כָּל נֶפֶשׁ הַחַיָּה הָרֹמֶשֶׂת אֲשֶׁר שָׁרְצוּ הַמַּיִם לְמִינֵהֶם וְאֵת כָּל עוֹף כָּנָף לְמִינֵהוּ וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים כִּי טוֹב.

22  And God blessed them, saying: ‘Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.’

כב  וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם אֱלֹהִים לֵאמֹר פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ וּמִלְאוּ אֶת הַמַּיִם בַּיַּמִּים וְהָעוֹף יִרֶב בָּאָרֶץ.

23  And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.

כג  וַיְהִי עֶרֶב וַיְהִי בֹקֶר יוֹם חֲמִישִׁי.

24  And God said: ‘Let the earth bring forth the living creature after its kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after its kind.’ And it was so.

כד  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים תּוֹצֵא הָאָרֶץ נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה לְמִינָהּ בְּהֵמָה וָרֶמֶשׂ וְחַיְתוֹ אֶרֶץ לְמִינָהּ וַיְהִי כֵן.

25  And God made the beast of the earth after its kind, and the cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.

כה  וַיַּעַשׂ אֱלֹהִים אֶת חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ לְמִינָהּ וְאֶת הַבְּהֵמָה לְמִינָהּ וְאֵת כָּל רֶמֶשׂ הָאֲדָמָה לְמִינֵהוּ וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים כִּי טוֹב.

26  And God said: ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.’

כו  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה אָדָם בְּצַלְמֵנוּ כִּדְמוּתֵנוּ וְיִרְדּוּ בִדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבַבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל הָאָרֶץ וּבְכָל הָרֶמֶשׂ הָרֹמֵשׂ עַל הָאָרֶץ.

27  And God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them.

כז  וַיִּבְרָא אֱלֹהִים אֶת הָאָדָם בְּצַלְמוֹ בְּצֶלֶם אֱלֹהִים בָּרָא אֹתוֹ זָכָר וּנְקֵבָה בָּרָא אֹתָם.

28  And God blessed them; and God said unto them: ‘Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that creepeth upon the earth.’

כח  וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם אֱלֹהִים פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ וּמִלְאוּ אֶת הָאָרֶץ וְכִבְשֻׁהָ וּרְדוּ בִּדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבְכָל חַיָּה הָרֹמֶשֶׂת עַל הָאָרֶץ.

29  And God said: ‘Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed–to you it shall be for food;

כט  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים הִנֵּה נָתַתִּי לָכֶם אֶת כָּל עֵשֶׂב זֹרֵעַ זֶרַע אֲשֶׁר עַל פְּנֵי כָל הָאָרֶץ וְאֶת כָּל הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר בּוֹ פְרִי עֵץ זֹרֵעַ זָרַע לָכֶם יִהְיֶה לְאָכְלָה.

30  and to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is a living soul, [I have given] every green herb for food.’ And it was so.

ל  וּלְכָל חַיַּת הָאָרֶץ וּלְכָל עוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּלְכֹל רוֹמֵשׂ עַל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר בּוֹ נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה אֶת כָּל יֶרֶק עֵשֶׂב לְאָכְלָה וַיְהִי כֵן.

31  And God saw every thing that He had made, and, behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

לא  וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים אֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וְהִנֵּה טוֹב מְאֹד וַיְהִי עֶרֶב וַיְהִי בֹקֶר יוֹם הַשִּׁשִּׁי.

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Genesis 2

Comments ( 82 )

The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™.

  • Doesn’t Genesis 1:26 prove the Holy Trinity when saying, “Let us make man”? Us is plural, meaning more than one present. Orthodox rabbi’s argue that God was asking the earth to help Him. The power of God does not require any help, so this argument makes no sense. Why is it so hard for Orthodox Jews to conceptualize God as having three parts, but as being One?

    • Profile photo of Shira Schechter (Moderator)

      Candy, you ask an important question that has been raised by many. According to the medieval commentator Rashi, God was consulting with His angels. Since man was being created in their image, God did not want the angels to be envious, and so He involves them in the process. Rashi acknowledges that speaking in the plural would leave room for people to misinterpret God’s words, but concludes that God determined it was worth the risk in order to teach a lesson in proper conduct and humility. In his words “Even though they [the angels] did not assist Him in His creation, and there is an opportunity … (to misconstrue the plural as a basis for their heresies), Scripture did not hesitate to teach proper conduct and the trait of humility, that a great person should consult with and receive permission from a smaller one.” He points out that the next verse, which describes the actual creation of man, is written in the singular.

      • What would a Jewish commentary perhaps explain about Mashiyach being present as the “us” in Beresheet?
        Mishle 30:4 reads: Who has ascended into heaven, or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name, if you know?

        • The Son was the first creation even refer to as "The Word" he was with the Father before anything else was made. Was the Son is also God in the creation? Yes he is to us and to the angels. The FATHER of life is One true God even the Son and all heavenly creatures worship the Almighty Father. His name is YHWH and his Son YaHuWsHua the Messiah.

      • It is not possible that God meant Himself and the angels too when He spoke about the creation of man. Because in the following verse He clarifies: "27 And God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them".
        He doesn't say that He created man after His image and the image of angels. He says that He made man only after His image.

        • Profile photo of Shira Schechter (Moderator)

          You are correct, man was made in the image of God as it says in Genesis 1:27. The angels, however, were also created in the likeness of God in some way, and in that sense man was created "in their image." Rashi quotes the Sages who say that when God consulted with the angels He said to them “Among the heavenly beings, there are some in My likeness. If there are none in My likeness among the earthly beings, there will be envy among the creatures of the Creation. ”

          • So not all angels look like God? Creatures of Creation? What does that mean?

      • Shira, there is just as much interpretation or understanding that he could just as well been speaking about Jesus and the Holy Spirit and the Angels. There is no proof that they did not exisit at all.

      • SHIRA, THIS IS YOUR ANSWER AND RASHI, BUT IT CANNOT BE PROVED, WHAT IS WRONG WITH THE BELIEF IN THE TRINITY / WHY WOULD YOU REJECT IT / TRUTH IS ETERNAL AND WILL ALWAYS PROVE ITSELF.

        J, ABRAHAM

        • i think you are limiting G-d to just 3 appearances. I belief HE, HaShem is unimaginable much more than limited to the churchdoctrine of a Trinity. I belief HE has the possibility of multi-muli emanations, even at the same time. Proving things is impossible. HE is G-d!!!! I am inclined to say that our people Israel are proof of HIS EXISTENCE.

    • Profile photo of brucelyon1942

      Genesis 1:26 does not prove the man made doctrine of the Trinity that was not a part of church teaching until it was approved starting with the Council of Nicea where only two being were recognized in the so-called Godhood – Yehovah and Yehoshua, so at that time God was Binitary.

      Note: The Council of Nicaea in 325 did not end the Arian controversy which it had been called to clarify. Arius and his sympathizers, e.g. Eusebius of Nicomedia were admitted back into the church after ostensibly accepting the Nicene creed. Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, the most vocal opponent of Arianism, was ultimately exiled through the machinations of Eusebius of Nicomedia. After the death of Constantine I in 337 and the accession of his Arian-leaning son Constantius II, open discussion of replacing Nicene creed itself began. Up until about 360, theological debates mainly dealt with the divinity of the Son, the second person of the Trinity. However, because the Council of Nicaea had not clarified the divinity of the Holy Spirit, the third person of the Trinity, it became a topic of debate.
      Comment: it is interesting is it not one scriptural proof given in the the creed of 325 which recognized only two beings as being divine, and the following creed of 381 which included a third being [which, who has no name] as the third person or essence of the Trinity. Not one scriptural reference, no proof from scripture to prove that God is Triune, not one. Why? We the Catholic Encyclopedia states rather plainly that the doctrine of the Trinity cannot be proved from scripture. Amazing admission coming from the Roman Catholic Church!
      Why do we not believe what YHVH says:
      Isa 45:21 Declare and present it.
      Yes, let them take counsel together.
      Who has shown this from ancient time?
      Who has declared it of old?
      Haven’t I, Yahweh?
      There is no other God besides me,
      a just God and a Savior;
      There is no one besides me.
      Isaiah 40:25: To whom then will you liken me?
      Who is my equal?” says the Holy One.
      There is no one equal to YHVH – Yehovah, no one, certainly not Yehoshua His son. Just the fact that Yehovah is the father of the one who He has made lord and Messiah indicates that they cannot be equal in any way.
      Isaiah 43:10“You are my witnesses,”
      says Yahweh,
      “With my servant whom I have chosen,
      that you may know and believe me,
      and understand that I am he.
      Before me there was no God formed,
      neither will there be after me.
      Now let’s go to a proof text that is quoted or referred to over 20 times in the New Testament [Covenant] Maybe God is trying to let us know who He is and who His son is!
      Adonai and Adoni (Psalm 110:1)
      This verse Psalm 110:1, is the Bible’s supreme proof text for telling the difference between the One God and the Messiah who is not God
      This verse was referred to the Messiah by the Pharisees and by Jesus (Matthew 22:41ff). It tells us that the relationship between God and Jesus is that of Deity and non-Deity. The Messiah is called adoni (my lord) and in every one of its 195 occurrences adoni (my lord) means a superior who is not God. Adonai on the other hand refers exclusively to the One God in all of its 449 occurrences. Adonai is the title of Deity and adoni never designates Deity.
      If the Messiah were called Adonai this would introduce “two Gods” into the Bible and would be polytheism. Psalm 110:1 should guard us all against supposing that there are two who are God. In fact the Messiah is the supreme human being and agent of the One God. Psalm 110:1 is the Bible’s master text for defining the Son of God in relation to the One God, his Father.
      Why is it that a number of commentaries misstate the facts aboutPsalm 110:1? They assert that the word for the Messiah in Psalm 110:1 is adonai. It is not. These commentaries seem to obscure a classic text defining God in relation to His Son. The Hebrew text assigns to the Messiah the title adoni which invariably distinguishes the one addressed from the Deity. The Messiah is the supreme human lord. He is not the Lord God (cp. I Tim. 2:5; I Cor. 8:4-6; Mark 12:28ff).
      Why is the Messiah called adoni (my lord) and never adonai (my Lord God)?
      “Adonai and Adoni are variations of Masoretic pointing to distinguish divine reference from human.”
      Adonai is referred to God but Adoni to human superiors.
      Adoni — ref. to men: my lord, my master [see Ps. 110:1]
      Adonai — ref. to God…Lord (Brown, Driver, Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, under adon [= lord]).
      “The form ADONI (‘my lord’), a royal title (I Sam. 29:8), is to be carefully distinguished from the divine title ADONAI (‘my Lord’) used of Yahweh.” “ADONAI — the special plural form [the divine title] distinguishes it from adonai [with short vowel] = my lords” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, “Lord,” p. 157).
      “Lord in the OT is used to translate ADONAI when applied to the Divine Being. The [Hebrew] word…has a suffix [with special pointing] presumably for the sake of distinction. Sometimes it is uncertain whether it is a divine or human appellative…The Masoretic Text sometimes decides this by a note distinguishing between the word when ‘holy’ or only ‘excellent,’ sometimes by a variation in the [vowel] pointing — adoni, adonai [short vowel] and adonai [long vowel] (Hastings Dictionary of the Bible, “Lord,” Vol. 3, p. 137).
      “Hebrew Adonai exclusively denotes the God of Israel. It is attested about 450 times in the OT…Adoni [is] addressed to human beings (Gen. 44:7, Num. 32:25, II Kings 2:19 [etc.]). We have to assume that the word adonai received its special form to distinguish it from the secular use of adon [i.e., adoni]. The reason why [God is addressed] as adonai, [with long vowel] instead of the normal adon, adoni or adonai [with short vowel] may have been to distinguish Yahweh from other gods and from human lords” (Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible, p. 531).
      “The lengthening of the ā on Adonai [the Lord God] may be traced to the concern of the Masoretes to mark the word as sacred by a small external sign” (Theological Dictionary of the OT, “Adon,” p. 63 and Theological Dictionary of the NT, III, 1060ff.
      n.109).
      “The form ‘to my lord,’ l’adoni, is never used in the OT as a divine reference…the generally accepted fact [is] that the Masoretic pointing distinguishes divine references (adonai) from human references (adoni)” (Wigram, The Englishman’s Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance of the OT, p. 22) (Herbert Bateman, “Psalm 110:1 and the NT,” Bibliothecra Sacra, Oct.-Dec., 1992, p. 438).
      Professor Larry Hurtado of the University of Edinburgh, celebrated author of a modern classic on Christology:
      “There is no question but that the terms Adonay and adoni function differently: theone a reverent way of avoiding pronouncing the word YHVH and the other theuse of the same word for non-divine figures.” (correspondence, June 24th, 2000) Dr. Howard Marshall, ed of the Evangelical Quarterly:”I agree with what you say about Ps. 110:1; the LXX is translating correctly; the use of the Ps. in the NT does not identify Jesus as Adonai in any case.”
      Now let’s go to the creed of Jesus in Mark 12:28-34: And one of the experts in the law came and heard them disputing together, and recognizing that he had answered them well, asked him, “What commandment is the first of all?”
      Jesus answered, “The first is, Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is Lord alone, and so you are to love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.
      The second is this, Love your neighbor as yourself.f There is no other commandment greater than these.”
      And the expert in the law said to him, “Well said, Teacher, you have spoken truth that HE IS ONE, AND THERE IS NONE OTHER BUT HE, and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself is more important than all the whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices.”
      And when Jesus saw that he answered intelligently, he said to him, “You are not far from the Kingdom of God.” And after that no one dared to ask him any questions.
      Jesus did not refute the scribe statement that Yehovah who is the one whom Jesus said is “Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is Lord alone” quoting the Shema. Jesus agreed with the scribe that “the Lord our God is Lord alone”
      Next We Have Jesus’ Question About David’s Son:
      Mark 12:35-37: And as he taught in the temple, Jesus answered and said, “How is it that the experts in the law say that the Christ is the son of David? David himself said by the holy spirit, The Lord said to my lord, sit on my right hand until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet. David himself calls him ‘lord,’ and so in what sense is he his son?”
      Of course the answer is that Jesus is his descendant, a son who he was promised by his God would sit upon his throne, in the coming Kingdom of God.
      Let’s go on:
      John 5:26: For as the Father has life in himself, so He has also given to the Son to have life in himself.
      Comment: If Jesus is a god/man as the Trinitarians say, then why would his Father have to give him to have life in himself. Would he not already have life in himself as a god/man?
      Notice what Jesus says in John 17:3: And this is life in the Age to come, that they know you, THE ONLY TRUE GOD, and him whom you sent, Jesus the anointed one.
      The apostle Paul who was a biblical monotheistic believer says:
      1 Corinthians 8:5-6: For even if there are so-called gods [NOTICE HE SAYS SO-CALLED GODS], whether in heaven or on earth, yet TO US THERE IS ONE GOD, THE FATHER, from whom are all things, and we are for him; and one lord, Jesus the anointed one, through [because of] whom are all things, and we are through him.
      Indeed from before the foundation of the earth God in His foreknowledge had Jesus in mind to become the one who would save men from their sins and have a place ruling with him in the coming Kingdom of God.
      Notice:
      1 Peter 1:20: He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake,
      Mat 13:35: so that which was spoken through the prophet was fulfilled, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world.
      Rev 13:8 And all who live on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written in the book of life of the Lamb that has been slain from the foundation of the world.
      Mat 25:34: Then the King will say to the ones on his right, ‘Come, you who have been blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom that has been prepared for you from the foundation of the world,
      John 17:24: Father, I want those whom you have given me to also be with me where I am, so that they can see my glory, which you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world.
      Ephesians 1:4: just as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world to be holy and without blemish before him in love,
      Notice:
      Understanding: The Father Son Holy Spirit
      INTRODUCTION
      The purpose of this paper is not to weaken someone’s faith, on the contrary, it should if anything, strengthen your beliefs. It should however, give you enough questions about the trinity to force you to go and do some research for yourself, at least for the piece of mind that you have not been mislead. However, if you do any kind of research, you will find that the Doctrine of the Trinity is completely man made. It was not taught by Jesus nor his Apostles. It is a product of the influence of Greek philosophy upon the early Christian church of the first few centuries.
      The Bible, Jesus, and the Apostles are all Jewish. One has to read and interpret the Bible with an understanding of what a particular verse meant to a first century Jew. Unfortunately, as the early church grew and spread all over the world, the leaders of the church were no longer Jews, but non-Jews (Gentiles). In the first few centuries, the international language was Greek, much like English is today. This is why the New Testament is written in Greek. Greek philosophy was considered to be the most enlightened teaching of its time. Anyone with an education would have a good understanding of the concepts of Greek philosophy, and they, for the most part, would agree with it.
      The problem of interpreting the Bible by Gentiles who were schooled in Greek philosophy is that the two do not mix. Someone using Greek philosophy to interpret Hebrew documents is going arrive at some very mistaken conclusions. I like to use an example that I heard from a friend of mine to illustrate this point. If an Englishman says, “I am mad about my flat.” He means that “he is excited about his apartment.” To an American it means that “he is angry about his flat tire.” Keep in mind that in this example they are both speaking English in the same century. Imagine interpreting Hebrew writings from a different century, using Greek philosophy to determine their meanings. The outcome can only be disastrous!
      This outcome effected Christianity in three major areas.
      1. Death (what happens when you die).
      2. The kingdom of God.
      3. The nature of Jesus.
      In this paper we will only be concerned with the last one. We will examine Scriptually the Doctrine of the Trinity. Is it Biblical, or is it a man made tradition? As a Christian I would want to be certain on this point. Look at all the evidence, and then make up your mind. Some verses in the Old Testament might not correspond exactly as I have them quoted, some Bibles differ in their numeration of the Old Testament. Just look one verse above or below and it will be there. I have used a few verses from the Apocrypha, specifically from Sirach and Wisdom. They are not canonical, but they provide us with an excellent source of outside biblical evidence and also confirm examples of Jewish literary devices.
      I hope this paper helps you on your way to really knowing God and His Son Jesus the Messiah.
      THE HOLY SPIRIT
      The Holy Spirit is God, but it is not a separate entity, yet still an equal member of a triune God. It is simply the presence and power of God Himself. Nowhere in the Bible is the Holy Spirit ever said to be an equal member of a trinity. Nobody ever prays to it, nobody ever talks to it, none of the New Testament writers ever send greetings from the Holy Spirit. Even when theologians decided that Jesus was God in 325 AD, they did not include the Holy Spirit until fifty-six years later in 381 AD. The Holy Spirit is how God extends His presence and power to His creation. Psalm 139: 7 states:
      “Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence?”
      Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words defines the Hebrew word spirit as: breath of life. 2. mind set, of one’s mind or thinking.
      The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is God’s mind renewing your mind. This is why our way of thinking changes when we receive the Holy Spirit. Through God’s mind comes His power. 1 Corinthians 2:11 states:
      “For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man’s spirit (mind) within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God,” (the mind of God).
      The Bible refers to the Holy Spirit as God’s Spirit or the Spirit of God. It is the Spirit (the mind) of the Holy One, “God.” It is not a person separate from God.
      Examples:
      Matthew 3: 16, 1 Corinthians 2: 10, 1 Corinthians 2: 14, 1 Corinthians 3: 16, Romans 8: 11.
      These are just a few of many.
      People have tried to make the Holy Spirit an independent, co-equal , omniscient, omnipotent, entity, who is really now called “God the Holy Spirit,” (a name which does not exist in the entire Bible) who is a member of a triune God. There is no evidence for this claim. People have taken simple verses and filled them with conjecture. Let me give you an example:
      2 Corinthians 13: 13 or 14 depending on the translation states:
      “May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.”
      The New American Bible says of this verse, “This final verse is one of the clearest Trinitarian passages in the New Testament.”
      If this is one of the clearest Trinitarian passages, imagine what the others must be like.
      Just because you mention God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit in the same sentence does not make them the same being. In Luke 9: 28 it says:
      “About eight days after Jesus said this, he took Peter, John and James with him and went up onto a mountain to pray.”
      If we hold to the same logic that is being applied to 2 Corinthians 13: 13, then Jesus, Peter, John, and James are the same being. This is the extent of this argument. I honestly look at this verse and I do not see anything that implies that they are three in one. Do you? What this verse means is exactly what it says, that the grace of the Lord Jesus, the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. The fellowship of the Holy Spirit is how God communicates and relates to us. Even if we say that they are three distinct persons, it still does not imply that they are the same being. Look at it objectively and not the way human tradition dictates it must be looked at. The other few verses that are used for the same purpose are identical in structure. All they do is mention God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit in the same paragraph. Puzzling? Yes. Biblical? No.
      The Old Testament never thought of the Holy Spirit as a person distinct from the Father. J.D. Michaelis who is an eminent professor of biblical languages states:
      “It cannot be proved, out of the whole number of passages in the Old Testament in which the Holy Spirit is mentioned, that it is a distinct person in the Godhead.”
      Remember that the New Testament cannot contradict the Old Testament. There was no exchange of God’s. It is the same God throughout the Bible.
      In many Bible translations people have tried to make the Holy Spirit a person by translating the “Paraclete” as “him” instead of “it,” as in John 14:15-17. It should be “it”. People have translated it as “him” for theological reasons. The Roman Catholic New American Bible among others, translates the Paraclete correctly as “it” and has an excellent footnote:
      Note on John 14:17: The Greek word for “spirit” is neuter, and the Greek text and manuscript variants fluctuate between masculine and neuter pronouns.”
      If the Holy Spirit has always been the third person in a triune God, then why did they not include the Holy Spirit as a member of the Godhead when they made Jesus “God” at the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD? Why did they have to wait until the Council of Constantinople in 381 AD to include the Holy Spirit in the formula? The reason is because neither Jesus nor the Holy Spirit had ever been considered separate persons of the same God until Greek philosophy started to influence the early church in the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries, mostly by the pen of such men as Origen and Tertullian.
      For a brief explanation of the influence of Greek philosophy on the early church, I would strongly suggest that you look up “Platonism” in The Encyclopedia Britannica under the subtitle “Platonism and the influence on the early Christian church.”
      Jesus the Messiah
      Who Jesus is
      Jesus is the Son Of God.
      Jesus is the Prophesied Messiah.
      Jesus is our Lord and Savior.
      Jesus is our brother.
      Jesus is our role model.
      Jesus is also our mediator with God.
      Jesus is the Messiah, the king of Israel. He is the anointed one of God. God has anointed Jesus with His spirit and this is how God is with us. It is God working through Jesus. God did not come AS Jesus, He came IN Jesus. The best definition of Jesus is given by Peter in Acts 2:22 and Acts 10:38:
      “Jesus the Nazorean was a man commended to you by God with mighty deeds, wonders and signs, which God worked through him in your midst.”
      “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power. He went about doing good and healing all those oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.”
      Who Jesus is not
      Jesus is not GOD.
      1 Corinthians 8: 6 – “Yet for us there is but one God, the Father.”
      John 17: 3 – “Now this eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.”
      Revelation 21: 22 – “I did not see a temple in the city because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.”
      God the Son, or Son of God?
      Here is a list of the people who claim that Jesus is the Son of God, and then those who claim that he is God the Son. I will keep it simple and not list the verses that claim that Jesus is the Messiah, the Christ, the Son of Man, or the king of Israel. All these titles are synonymous.
      Son of God
      God Himself refers to Jesus as His Son: Mt 2: 15, 3:17, 17: 5, Mk 1: 11, 9: 7, Lk 9: 35
      Jesus says that he is the Son of God: Mt 26: 63, Lk 22: 70, Jn 5: 25, 10: 36, 19: 7
      The angel Gabriel says Jesus is the Son of God: Luke 1: 35
      Peter says that Jesus is the Son of God: Mt 16: 16
      John the Apostle says Jesus is the Son of God: Jn 20: 31, 1 Jn 3: 23, 4: 15, 5:5
      All the Apostles say Jesus is the Son of God: Mt 14: 33, Jn 6: 69
      John the Baptist says Jesus is the Son of God: Jn 1: 34
      John Mark says Jesus is the Son of God: Mk 1: 1
      Paul says Jesus is the Son of God: Acts 9: 20, Rom 1: 4, 1 Cor 1: 9, 2 Cor 1:19, Gal 2: 20, Heb 4: 14
      Nathanael says Jesus is the Son of God: Jn 1: 49
      Demons say Jesus is the Son of God: Mt 8: 29, Mk 3: 11, 5: 7, Lk 4: 41, 8: 28
      The Centurion says Jesus is the Son of God: Mt 27: 54, Mk 15: 39
      God the Son
      Nobody.
      The New cannot contradict the Old
      The New Testament was not written to contradict the Old Testament. Jesus says that he did not come to abolish the Law or the Prophets, (which is the Old Testament) but to fulfill them. So we can safely say that the same God of the Old Testament is the same God in the New Testament. I do not think that anyone will contest that thought. So lets see whom the God of the Old Testament is, and then, we will compare Him to who the New Testament says He is. They should be exactly the same. If they are not, then something is definitely wrong.
      The core conviction of the Jews is their belief in that there is one, and only one, supreme creator God worthy of worship in the universe. The Jews have never thought of God as three in one, and one in three. There is not one verse in the Old Testament that claims God to be anything but one. I challenge anyone to find one.
      Some people have used the word “elohim” to suggest that it is plural for God. A Dictionary of the Bible states:
      “The fanciful idea that ‘elohim’ referred to the trinity of persons in the Godhead hardly finds now a supporter among scholars.”
      Elohim literally means “gods” as in more than one, as it is used in Judges 2: 17:
      “But abandoned themselves to the worship of other gods” (elohim).
      It is also used in the singular to refer to only one god. But it does not by any form mean that God is plural. The American Journal of Semetic Languages and Literature says of “elohim”:
      “It is almost invariably construed with a singular verbal predicate, and takes a singular adjectival attribute.”
      The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible states the following on “elohim:”
      “Since the plural word Elohim when used for God in the Old Testament is most emphatically singular in meaning, there is real probability that the Hebrews looked on it as a plural of Majesty.”
      Examples:
      Judges 11: 24
      “Will you not take what your god (elohim) Chemosh gives you?”
      1 Samuel 5: 7
      “When the men of Ashdod saw what was happening, they said, “the ark of the God of Israel must not stay here with us, because His hand is heavy upon us and upon Dagon our god (elohim).”
      Exodus 7: 1
      “Then the LORD said to Moses, ” See, I have made you like God (elohim) to Pharaoh…”
      In these verses nobody would contend that elohim is plural. It is used for the god Chemosh, Dagon, and for Moses. I do not think anyone considers Moses to be more than one person.
      The Jews have always thought of God as only one.
      Examples:
      Deuteronomy 6: 4
      “Hear, O Israel: The LORD is our God, the LORD is one.”
      Deuteronomy 4: 39
      “Acknowledge and take to heart this day that the LORD is God in heaven above and on the earth below. There is no other.”
      Deuteronomy 32: 39
      “See now that I myself am He! There is no God besides me.”
      Isaiah 45: 5
      “I am the LORD, and there is no other; apart from me there is no God.”
      There are an incredible amount of verses like the ones above.
      The New Testament also claims God to be only one. Nowhere is God described as plural, although theologians have gone to extremes in trying to prove that view. Lets see who Jesus and the writers of the New Testament say God is.
      Examples:
      When Jesus is asked which commandment is the most important, Jesus answers in Mark 12:28 – 29 by quoting Deuteronomy 6: 4.
      “Hear, O Israel the LORD is our God, the LORD is one.”
      Jesus did not say the Lord is three in one, and one in three. He was in complete agreement with the Old Testament view of God. As a matter of fact, it is not just a commandment to know that God is one, Jesus says it is the greatest commandment (Mark 12: 28 – 29).
      John 17: 3
      “This is eternal life: that they may know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.”
      Jesus says eternal life depends on knowing the only true God, AND Jesus Christ.
      1 Corinthians 8: 6
      “Yet for us there is but one God, the Father.”
      Paul cannot be clearer on this subject. There is no, “God the Son,” or “God the Holy Spirit.” Only, God the Father.
      The New Testament agrees completely with the Old Testament about God being only one. If you take any other view that makes God plural, you will be contradicting the Old Testament no matter how you dress it up.
      God sends Jesus the Messiah
      Jesus is not God in the flesh. Numbers 23: 19 states:
      “God is not a man, that he should lie, nor a son of man that he should change his mind. ”
      1 John 4: 12:
      “No one has ever seen God”
      2 John vv. 7 says:
      “Many deceivers who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, have gone out into the world. ”
      Jesus, is Jesus in the flesh. It does not say God, Jehovah, The Father, or The Most High God as coming in the flesh. It says Jesus Christ. When Jesus asks Peter, “But who do you say I am? ” Peter answers,
      “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”
      Then, Jesus says to Peter, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my heavenly Father ” (Matthew 16: 15 – 17). Notice that Peter says “Son of the living God.” He could just as simply have said, ” You are God,” but he doesn’t. Jesus then tells Peter that the Father has blessed him by revealing to him who he is. Jesus is the Son OF God, not God.
      God and Jesus are two separate beings, but God dwells in Jesus spiritually. Jesus was a man like all men of that time, except that he was anointed with God’s Holy Spirit. This is the meaning of “Messiah.”Acts 10:38 says:
      “How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil because God was with him.”
      It is God working through Jesus. God revealed everything to Jesus, who he was, what his mission was, what would happen to him, and the resources available to him through God’s Holy Spirit. God told Jesus what to do and what to say a lot of the times if not most of the times as Jesus himself testifies in John 12:49:
      “For I did not speak of my own accord, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and how to say it.”
      Because God dwells in Jesus, Jesus was in the form of God (KJV Philippians 2: 6). But the key words are “in the form of.” It does not say Jesus was God, but in the form of God. In Greek, the words “form” and “image” are interchangeable. The phrases imply a close relationship with, rather than identity. This is confirmed by the subjection of Christ to God in 1 Corinthians 15:25. If you saw Jesus performing miracles or teaching about the Kingdom of God like only he knew about, you were actually witnessing God performing miracles and God teaching about His Kingdom through His Holy Spirit in Jesus. This is why Jesus told Philip in John 14:9-10:
      “Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, “Show us the Father.” Don’t you believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in me? The words I say to you are not just my own. Rather, it is the Father living in me, who is doing His work.”
      Jesus is not God, but God is in him. He was one with God in spirit (mind, purpose). We are born with a veil through which we cannot see. When we receive God’s Holy Spirit through Jesus, God starts revealing things to us through whatever means he wishes, His word, visions, dreams, or other people. But He does this at His own pace, when He knows you are ready. But Jesus did not have a veil, he could see clearly because he is God’s only begotten Son, His Chosen One. He had a specific mission to complete for God’s plan to reconcile us to Him. God’s Spirit revealed everything about the Kingdom of God to Jesus. Just think how much less you would have sinned if you had known when you were ten years old what you know now about God and Jesus. A big difference surely!
      Here are some verses that help to show the relationship between God and Jesus.
      Acts 2: 22
      “Men of Israel, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know. This man was handed over to you with God’s set purpose and foreknowledge.”
      Romans 1: 3
      “Regarding His Son, who as to his human nature was a descendant of David, and who through the Spirit of Holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God.”
      John 8: 28 – 29
      “So Jesus said, When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am the one I claim to be and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me. The one who sent me is with me; He has not left me alone, for I always do what pleases Him.”
      John 12: 49
      “For I do not speak of my own accord but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and how to say it.”
      Hebrews 2: 17
      “For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in every way, in order that he might become a merciful high priest in service to God, and that he might make atonement for sins of the people.”
      John 10: 38
      “But if I do it, even though you do not believe me, believe in the miracles, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.”
      1 Corinthians 15: 21
      “For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man.”
      Revelation 12:10
      “Now have salvation and power come, and the kingdom of God and the authority of his Anointed.”
      Romans 5: 15
      “How much more did God’s grace and the gift that comes by the grace of one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!”
      How did Jesus become God?
      Neither Jesus nor his Apostles ever taught that Jesus was God. To most Christians this doctrine is of the utmost importance. It is the centerpiece of their belief system. Yet, isn’t it strange that something of such importance is not mentioned in the entire Bible. There are a few verses which people cling to that they say claim Jesus is God, but when you look at a few sentences before or after this verse, it is obvious that this is not what is meant. In the last part of this report we shall go over some of the most often quoted Scriptures to show you how they have been misinterpreted and/or mistranslated from Greek to English. It should be very interesting, and a guaranteed eye opener. As was mentioned earlier, a lot of Bible scholars also point to Old Testament Scriptures to show God’s plurality. Yet, the Jews who were God’s chosen people, whom God gave the Old Testament to for thousands of years before Jesus have never thought of God as being plural. Although the Jews failed to see Jesus as the Messiah, (even though he fulfilled over 300 Old Testament prophesies) they are still waiting for the Messiah to come. Interestingly, the Messiah to the Jews is supposed to be a man anointed by God, not God. Let us look at some of the Messianic Prophecies to confirm who the Messiah is supposed to be:
      Isaiah 53: 3 states that the servant of God will be a man.
      “A man of suffering, accustomed to infirmity…”
      Isaiah 52: 14 states that his look was marred beyond that of man.
      “So marred was his appearance beyond that of man.”
      Deuteronomy 18: 15 states that the Messiah will be like Moses and come from among their own brothers.
      “The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers.”
      Daniel 9: 25 – 26 states that he will be anointed and a leader, and that the anointed shall be cut down.
      Vv25: “Until one who is anointed and a leader…”
      Vv26: “After the sixty – two weeks an anointed shall be cut down…”
      Isaiah 11: 1 – 2 states that the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon the shoot from the stump of Jesse (Jesse was David’s Father, and Jesus is of the line of David).
      “But a shoot shall sprout from the stump of Jesse, and from his roots a bud shall blossom. The Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him:”
      Isaiah 42: 1 states that God will put His Spirit upon His servant, His chosen one with whom He is pleased.
      “Here is my servant whom I uphold, my chosen one with whom I am pleased, Upon whom I have put my Spirit.”
      Psalms 89: 27 – 28 states how the anointed will call God his father, his God, his rock, his savior, and how God will make him the firstborn.
      “He shall say of me, “You are my father, my God , my rock, my savior.” And I will make him the firstborn.”
      Micah 5: 3 states that he shall shepherd his flock by the strength of the LORD his God. Emphasis on ” his God.”
      “He shall stand firm and shepherd his flock by the strength of the LORD, in the majestic name of the LORD, his God…”
      As you can see, the Messiah is supposed to have a God. He is not supposed to be God.
      The Messiah is supposed to be a man anointed by God, not God in the flesh. Webster’s Dictionary and The Quest Study Bible, define Messiah as – anointed one. Which is exactly who Jesus is. Read Acts 10: 38 and Acts 2:22 if you have any doubts.
      Jesus and his Apostles covered every aspect of Christian life in their teachings and writings. Would it not be fair to conclude that something as important and complicated as the trinity would have been given at least a few verses explaining this complicated relationship. Yet, Jesus nor his Apostles dedicate one verse of explanation to this subject in the entire Bible. Isn’t it odd that the greatest teacher of all would just completely overlook what is considered by some to be one of the most important concepts in Christianity. The entire Bible contradicts this theory. If you were to read the entire Bible from cover to cover without any preconceived ideas, you would never come up with the concept of the trinity. So how did this concept come to be?
      There is other literature at this web site which will describe in detail how this concept developed, and spread.
      What happened in a nutshell is that Greek philosophy, specifically Gnosticism, Stoicism, and Neo-Platonism influenced Christianity in the first few centuries. Almost all the Christian theologians in the first few centuries were educated in these philosophies. For example, Stoics believed that “logos” was the divine principle of life. This is basically a definition of God. Now with this definition in mind, imagine what kind of interpretation you are going to arrive at when you read John 1:1-3
      “In the beginning was the Word (logos), and the Word (logos) was with God, and the Word (logos) was God.”
      You will come to an interpretation that was never intended by its Hebrew author. An explanation of this verse is included later on. Neo-Platonist believed God to be a triune God that was divided into three.
      One / intelligence / Soul.
      God / Word / Holy Spirit.
      You can easily see how similar this view of God is to the Trinitarian view of God.
      The influence started even as early as in Paul’s day. Paul and John wrote in their letters against some of these Gnostic teachings that were already trying to creep into the church. It was in the third and fourth centuries that the big infiltration of Greek philosophy into the early church started to change some core doctrines, the nature of Jesus being one of them. It was a false teaching that developed over two hundred years and was formulated as a formal doctrine in part at the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD and then in its present state at the Council of Constantinople in 385 AD, three hundred and sixty years after Jesus.
      The Council of Nicaea asserted that:
      “Jesus was of the same substance as the Father,”
      which laid the groundwork for later Trinitarian theology. For many years there had been much opposition on Biblical grounds to the developing idea that Jesus was God. To try to resolve the dispute, Roman Emperor Constantine summoned all the bishops to Nicaea. About 300, a fraction of the total attended.
      Constantine was not a Christian. He worshipped the Unconquered Sun like his father had. He not only worshipped the Unconquered Sun, he held the title and role of High Priest of that religion. To see what kind of person Constantine was, let us take a quick look at just a few of his accomplishments. He became emperor by making war on his opponents. He murdered one of his sons, his brother in law, his nephew and possibly his second wife. This is the kind of person that presided over and decided the outcome of the council of Nicaea.
      “By their fruit you will recognize them”(Matthew 7:16).
      God definitely did not guide this man or this council. Constantine converted nearing the end of his life, but it was a military matter, not the grace of God. Constantine believed that victory in battle lay in the gift of the God of the Christians.
      Constantine played a crucial role at this council. The Encyclopedia Britannica states:
      “Constantine himself presided, actively guiding the discussions and personally proposed the crucial formula expressing the relationship of Christ to God in the creed issued by the council, “of one substance with the Father.”
      The American Academic Encyclopedia states:
      “Although this was not Constantine’s first attempt to reconcile factions in Christianity, it was the first time he had used the imperial office to IMPOSE a settlement.”
      Pressured by the Emperor with forced exile, the bishops with only two exceptions signed the creed, many of them much against their inclination. A few years later when Arianism became popular, Constantine found it politically expedient to change sides and exiled all those who did not agree with him, which were the same ones who had agreed with him at the Council of Nicaea. I think this action clearly shows how much conviction Constantine had towards the idea that Jesus was God. As was mentioned earlier, he converted nearing the end of his life, and was baptized by the Arian Bishop of Nicodemia. He was not a Christian during the council, and in my opinion, (according to Bible standards) he never was. It is worth noting, that the Holy Spirit was not even considered at Nicaea. If the Apostles taught the trinity, then it should have been a constant teaching from the Apostles to Nicaea, and Nicaea should have just formalized the teaching. But as has been mentioned, the Holy Spirit was not included in Nicaea’s formula, which proves that this was not an established teaching of the times as people will have you believe. It was a developing doctrine, entirely man made. Debate over this continued for decades, then Emperor Theodosias established the creed of the Council of Nicaea as the standard for his realm and convened the Council of Constantinople in 381 AD to clarify the formula. The council agreed to place the Holy Spirit on the same level as God and Christ. For the first time Christendom’s Trinity became law for both church and state.
      The Council of Chalcedon in 451 AD was responsible for the “official” definition of the person of Jesus. This is the creed that all the major denominations that claim to be Trinitarian follow. Thomas Hart, a Roman Catholic theologian writes:
      “According to the Council of Chalcedon:
      Jesus is fully God and fully man.”Jesus is called “man” in the generic sense, but is not “a man.” He has a human nature, but is not a human person. The person in him is the second person of the Blessed Trinity. Jesus does not have a human personal center. This is how the Council gets round the possible problem of split personality.”
      A leading Protestant Oliver Quick, D.D., who wrote Doctrines of the Creed states:
      “If we affirm that Jesus was a human person, we are driven into an impossible conception of double personality in the incarnate Son of God.”
      This Council denies that Jesus was a human person, “does not have a personal human center.” Hebrews 2: 17 states:
      “For this reason he had to be made like his brothers in EVERY way.”
      We (his brothers) are all 100% human. John, the Apostle, instructs us to apply the theological test. This yardstick is to measure our own understanding of the person of Jesus. Who is the real Jesus? The test is as follows:
      This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God:
      “Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God. Many deceivers, who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, have gone out into the world. Any such person is the deceiver and the antichrist” (1 John 4:2, 2 John vv. 7).
      Your next question should be, what exactly does “come in the flesh mean?” Let us turn for help to the Translator’s New Testament, a fine document produced by thirty-five scholars, seventeen being New Testament specialist in universities and theological colleges, and eighteen missionary linguist (published by the British and Foreign Bible Society, 1973). Here is their rendering of 2 John vv. 7:
      “Many deceivers have gone into the world who do not accept that Jesus came as a human being. Here is the deceiver and the antichrist.”
      Strong’s Greek Dictionary of the New Testament defines flesh as follows: (spec.) a human being.
      Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words defines flesh as follows: In the totality of all that is essential to manhood.
      How does this vital test apply to your understanding of Jesus? These creeds that have been mentioned are the creeds which the majority of Christians believe to be true. But are they Biblical, or man made?
      In the 6th century, Emperor Justinian produced a decree that imposed the death penalty for all that did not accept the Doctrine of the Trinity. Does this doctrine with its penalties sound like something that God or His Son Jesus would approve of? Did Jesus or the Apostles ever kill anyone because they did not agree with them?
      Trinitarians (of which I was one) have conformed the Scriptures to their thought, instead of conforming their thought to the Scriptures.
      The fact that it had to be changed into this at all, should tell you that it was not that way in the beginning. And the closer you get to the beginning, the closer you get to Jesus and the Apostles, and true Christianity. The Doctrine of the Trinity is man made. It is not from God, but from man. Hence, a pagan emperor after two months of furious debate intervened in favor of those who said that Jesus was God. A Short History of Christian Doctrine states:
      “Constantine had basically no understanding whatsoever of the questions being asked in Greek theology.”
      What he did understand was that religious division was a threat to his empire, and he wanted to solidify his domain.
      I encourage everyone to do their own research on this matter. It is really quite easy. However, lets see what some well known books and educational references have to say on this subject.
      The Encyclopedia Americana: “Fourth century Trinitarianism did not reflect accurately early Christian teaching regarding the nature of God; it was, on the contrary, a deviation from this teaching.”
      A Dictionary of Religious Knowledge: “Many say that the trinity is a corruption borrowed from the heathen religions, and ingrafted on the Christian faith.”
      The Paganism in Our Christianity: “The origin of the trinity is entirely pagan.”
      The New chaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge: “The doctrines of the Logos and the trinity received their shape from Greek Fathers, who were much influenced, directly or indirectly, by the Platonic philosophy. That errors and corruptions crept into the church from this source cannot be denied.”
      The Church of the First Few Centuries: “The Doctrine of the Trinity was of gradual and comparatively late formation. It had its origin in a source entirely foreign from that of the Jewish and Christian Scriptures. It grew up, and was ingrafted on Christianity, through the hands of the Platonizing Fathers.”
      Outlines of the History of Dogma: “Church doctrine became rooted in the soil of Hellenism (pagan Greek thought). Thereby it became a mystery to the great majority of Christians.”
      “See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the basic principles of this world rather than on Christ” (Colossians 2: 8).
      The trinity depends entirely on human tradition and basic principles of this world rather than on Christ. This is a simplistic explanation of how it got started, there is much more information to be studied on where the concept originated and why it was successful in gaining popularity. But in order to find this information one must get out of their seat and do a little legwork. I assure you it is not that hard at all, pick up The Encyclopedia Britannica and look up “Platonism” and read the effects on the early church. Then look up all the names which that section mentions. Look up “Trinity” in various encyclopedias. This is just the start. You will be amazed!
      Who benefits from Jesus becoming God?
      The only one who benefits is the Accuser, better known as Satan. None of the Apostles ever taught that Jesus was God, they taught (as did Jesus himself) that he was the Son of God. So how does Satan gain from making Jesus God? First, God does not receive the exclusive worship that only He deserves. Jesus himself said:
      “Worship the LORD your God, and serve him ONLY ” (Matthew 4: 10).
      Secondly, Jesus taught us to pray to the Father in his name with our requests:
      “I tell you the truth, my Father will give you whatever you ask for in my name. Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be complete” (John 16: 23 – 24).
      John 14: 6 states:
      “No one comes to the Father except through me.”
      Jesus is our connection to God, but you are supposed to pray to God in Jesus’ name. God alone is the one who grants your prayers. Remember that Jesus used to pray to God with his requests. By making Jesus God, a lot of people pray directly to Jesus instead of God, thinking that they are one and the same. I think you will find it interesting that throughout the entire New Testament, none of the Apostles ever pray to Jesus, always to the Father. Have we become so arrogant to think that we know better than the Apostles?
      Prayer is a powerful weapon against Satan. The result is that some people miss out on one of the most important resources God has given us, PRAYER. By praying incorrectly a lot of prayers go unanswered needlessly. It is like trying to place a call to your friend John Doe, and his telephone number is 123-4567, and you dial 123-4568 and then wonder why John Doe never answers his phone. So a lot of people died that could have been saved, a lot of families broke up that could have stayed together, a lot of people suffered that did not have to suffer, and a lot of people had their faith shaken when their prayers were not answered. Third, it promotes confusion and division among the church. Who profits from this? That’s correct, Satan!
      Questions to ponder
      These questions are but a few that must be addressed. If you believe that Jesus is God, listen carefully to your answers as you explain these questions. If you find your answers to be complex and confusing, this is a good indication that all is not as it should be. Jesus’ message was not meant only for intellectuals, but for all people. His followers were fishermen, housewives, tax collectors, and people from all walks of life. They were not just an elite group of scholars. The Quest Study Bible states:
      “The existence of the Father and Son as one God yet two distinct persons baffles the human mind. It’s a mystery that cannot be fully explained by logic or reason. Yet, because the Bible teaches the unity of God and the deity of Christ, we must accept the fact that an infinite God cannot be comprehended by finite humans. When we meet Christ face to face, it’s possible that such mysteries will be better understood.”
      Does this sound like something God would want for us, to be baffled by His Word? The Bible was meant for us to get to know God more closely, not to alienate us by baffling us. All the letters written by the Apostles to the new churches were written to instruct or clarify the faith. They were written as simply as possible to make sure they understood what was being said. Paul wrote:
      “For we do not write you anything you cannot read or understand”(2 Corinthians 1:13).
      There should not be “The Mystery of the Holy Trinity.” There is no mystery.
      Before answering these questions, read carefully the Chalcedon Creed that is the creed that all Trinitarians adhere to and profess to be true. This is the creed that you are defending when you accept Jesus as God.
      DEFINITION OF THE COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON (451 AD)
      Therefore, following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach men to acknowledge one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, at once complete in Godhead and complete in manhood, truly God and truly man, consisting also of a reasonable soul and body; of one substance with the Father as regards his Godhead, and at the same time of one substance with us as regards his manhood; like us in all respects, apart from sin; as regards his Godhead, begotten of the Father before the ages, but yet as regards his manhood begotten, bearer; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, Only-begotten, recognized in two natures, without confusion, without change, without division, without separation; the distinction of natures being in no way annulled by the union, but rather the characteristics of each nature being preserved and coming together to form one person and subsistence, not as parted or separated into two persons, but one and the same Son and Only-begotten God the Word, Lord Jesus Christ; even as the prophets from earliest times spoke of him, and our Lord Jesus Christ himself taught us, and the creed of the fathers has handed down to us.
      Some people will try to answer some of these questions by saying, “Jesus emptied himself.” This shows how little people understand their own creed. This is called the “kenotic doctrine” and people try to use it in defense of the trinity. But it is in total contradiction to the Chalcedon Creed. The Kenotic Doctrine says that Jesus emptied himself of his deity. Well, you can simply read in the Chalcedon Creed that it defines Jesus’ nature as fully God and fully man at all times, without division, without separation. You cannot say that you believe in the trinity and use this excuse. If you subscribe to the kenotic doctrine, then you have already rejected the trinity. You cannot be both.
      In 1951, in celebration of the 1500th birthday of the Chalcedon Creed, Pope Pius the 12th wrote the following:
      Encyclical of Pope Pius the 12th on the Council of Chalcedon September 8, 1951
      (paragraph 29).
      There is another enemy of the faith of Chalcedon, widely diffused outside the fold of the Catholic religion. This is an opinion for which a rashly and falsely understood sentence of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Philippians (2:7), supplies a basis and a shape. This is called the kenotic doctrine, and according to it, they imagine that the divinity was taken away from the Word in Christ. It is a wicked invention, equally to be condemned with the Docetism opposed to it. It reduces the whole mystery of the Incarnation and Redemption to empty the bloodless imaginations.
      Remember that the Chalcedon Creed is not just Catholic. All major Trinitarian denominations use it to describe the nature of Jesus.
      1. Mark 13: 32: “No one knows the day or hour, not even the angels in Heaven nor the Son, but only the Father.”
      Trinitarians believe that God the Son is omniscient (all knowing).
      Q. If Jesus is omniscient, why does he not know the day or hour? (Matthew 24: 36)
      Q. If Jesus is omniscient, why does he not know who touched him? (Luke 8: 45)
      2. John 14: 28: “I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.”
      Q. According to the Doctrine of the Trinity, the Father and Son are co-equal. How can the Father be greater than Jesus if they are co-equal?
      Q. How is Jesus going to himself?
      3.Q. How can you kill God? God cannot be killed. Yet, they killed Jesus. He was resurrected. Scripture says that God resurrected Jesus. Webster’s Dictionary, Resurrect – 1. rising from the dead. Scripture says:
      “For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man” (1 Corinthians 15: 21). It does not say, comes also through a Godman, or through God, but through a man. Jesus was a man anointed by God.
      If Jesus is God, then obviously his divine nature did not die. Which means there really was no atonement for sins.
      4. Hebrews 1: 3 – 4: “After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of The Majesty in Heaven. So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs.”
      Q. Who’s right hand did he sit next to? Aren’t Jesus and The Majesty the same being?
      Q. If Jesus is supposed to be co-equal with God the Father, what does “He became superior mean?” Isn’t Jesus, if he is God, superior to all already?
      5. Matthew 27: 46: “About the ninth hour Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachtani?” Which means My God, My God, Why have you forsaken me?”
      Q. Who is Jesus’ God?
      Q. How can God forsake himself?
      Q. How can God the Son have a God?
      6. John 20: 17: “Jesus said, do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, “I am returning to my Father and your Father, my God and your God.”
      Jesus makes it clear that his Father and God is our Father and God, this is why Jesus refers to us as “brothers,” and God calls us “sons.”
      Q. Why would Jesus make such a clear distinction between himself and God, is he trying to confuse us on purpose?
      Q. If Jesus is God, then this Scripture plainly says that there is more than one God.
      7. John 12: 49: “For I did not speak of my own accord, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and how to say it.”
      Q. Jesus’ accord is not the same as the Father’s?
      Q. How can God be commanded? Obviously, if one is commanding the other they are not equal.
      8. Psalms 110: 1: “The LORD (YHWH) said to my Lord”(Messiah).
      Q. Who is the LORD speaking to, himself?
      9. Revelation 1: 6: “To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood, and has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve his God and Father.”
      Revelation 3: 12: “Him who overcomes I will make a pillar in the temple of my God. Never again will he leave it. I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God.”
      Q. Jesus is sitting at the right hand of God in Heaven at the time of this writing. Why does Jesus continue to make such clear statements that God is his God and his Father if he himself is God?
      10. Jesus prayed all the time. Jesus himself teaches us to pray to God in his name.
      Q. If Jesus is God, Who is he praying to? Who is there to listen?
      Examples: Mark 14: 32, Luke 9: 18, John 17: 9 – 18, John 17: 20 – 26.
      These are just a few of many.
      11. John 17: 3: “That they may know you the only true God and Jesus Christ whom you sent.”
      Q. Why does Jesus make such a clear separation between God and himself? Doesn’t Jesus know that He is God?
      12. John 11: 41: “So they took away the stone. Then Jesus looked up and said, “Father, I thank you that you have heard me.”
      Q. Who was Jesus thanking? Was he thanking himself? If so, why?
      13. Q. Why does Paul also make clear distinctions between God and Jesus in the following Scriptures?
      Ephesians 1: 3: “Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
      Ephesians 1: 17: “I keep asking that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the glorious Father…”
      Titus 1: 4: “Grace and peace to you from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior.” (It doesn’t say God the Son)
      Philemon vv. 3: “Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.”
      14. Q. Why do all the messianic prophecies speak of the Messiah (Christ in English) as a man anointed by God and not God Himself?
      Q. Isn’t that what Christ means, the anointed one?
      Q. If Christ means the anointed one, then according to Trinitarian thinking, God anointed Himself with Himself?
      15. Luke 22: 42 – 44: “Father if you are willing, take this cup from me, yet not my will, but yours be done. An angel from Heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. And being in anguish he prayed more earnestly.”
      Q. How can Jesus’ will not be the same as the Father. Aren’t they the same being?
      Q. Jesus sent himself an angel? Why?
      Q. How is an angel going to strengthen God Almighty?
      Q. Who is Jesus praying to more earnestly?
      16. Demons refer to Jesus as the Son of God and the Son of The Most High God (Luke 8: 28).
      They know who he is, and they know he is not The Most High God, but that he is His Son.
      Satan knows God personally. Job 1: 6 – 7: “One day the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came with them. The LORD said to Satan, “Where have you come from?” Satan answered the LORD, “From roaming through the earth and going back and forth.” The devil knows God.
      Q. Why would Satan, at the temptation of Jesus, pretend not to know God?”
      17. Luke 4: 2: “Where for forty days he was tempted by the devil.”
      James 1: 13 states, “For God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He tempt anyone.”
      Q. If Jesus is God in the Flesh why would the devil even try to tempt him? He would know that it would be useless to try.
      Q. If Jesus is God, how could he be tempted by the devil? It says God cannot be tempted.
      Q. The devil offered Jesus all the kingdoms in the world if he would worship him. Why would the devil offer something to God that is already His?
      Q. Did the devil really expect God to worship him?
      Q. If Jesus was not fully human, but had another nature that was divine, then how can he expect us to live up to his standards? We do not have a second divine nature. If Jesus is not fully human, then this whole temptation episode is a farce.
      18. John 8: 17: “In our Law it says that the testimony of two men is valid. I am one who testifies for myself; my other witness is the Father who sent me.”
      Q. If Jesus is God, why does he say that his other witness, the second one is the Father? Wouldn’t that still be just one witness?
      19. Acts 7: 55 – 56: “But Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit, looked up and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.”
      Q. Why did Stephen see God and Jesus standing at His right hand?
      Q. If Jesus is God in the flesh, why would he be in Heaven? Isn’t he God in Heaven?
      20. 1 John 4: 12: No one has ever seen God.
      Q. How can that be? Did not thousands of people see Jesus?
      21. Numbers 23: 19: God is not a man, that he should lie, nor is he the son of man that he should change his mind.
      Q. Jesus was a man, and without a doubt he was the “son of man.” How can this be?
      22. Trinitarians believe that Jesus was 100% man and 100% God. First of all, you cannot be both. That would equal 200%. Secondly, Hebrews 2: 17 states, “For this reason he (Jesus) had to be made like his brothers in every way.”
      Q. How can he be like us in every way? We are not 100% God.
      23. Matthew 3:17: “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”
      If Jesus is God, then we make God a narcissist, for if God is Jesus, then he is actually saying, “I love myself.”
      Q. Do you think God is a narcissist?
      24. 1 Corinthians 15: 26 – 28: “The last enemy to be destroyed is death. For He has put everything under his feet. Now when it says that “everything” has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put everything under Christ. When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to Him who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all.
      Q. According to the trinity, Jesus and God are co-equal, this verse definitely shows that they are not equal but that God is above all. How can this be?
      Q. Who put what under whom?
      Q. How is God going to be subject to God ?
      Same verse as above. 1 Corinthians 15: 26 – 28 translated to trinity:
      “The last enemy to be destroyed is death. For He has put everything under His feet. Now when it says that “everything” has been put under Him, it is clear that this does not include Himself who put everything under Himself. When He has done this, then He Himself will be made subject to Himself who put everything under Himself, so that He Himself may be all in all.”
      Now that you have answered these questions, answer them again using the thought that has been given in this paper. Judge for yourself.
      But what about these proof texts?
      Here are some of the most often misinterpreted and/or misunderstood verses in the Bible in relation to the idea that Jesus and the Holy Spirit are members of a triune God. In order to read these verses you cannot just read one verse and stop, you have to read the entire passage and compare it to other verses to understand what is being said.
      Before we start, a good understanding of creation will help us to understand several verses which people have tried to use to mean that Jesus was responsible for creation, or was an agent for God in creation, or that somehow he was involved in, or was present during creation. This incorrect assumption will of course lead to other misinterpretations of Scripture such as John 1: 1 – 3 and Hebrews 1:2.
      In order to read the Bible correctly you first have to have a solid base in the Old Testament. Once you have a good foundation in the Old Testament, then, you can really start to understand the New Testament. Unfortunately, most people do it backwards. They read the New Testament first, and then try to cram their beliefs into the Old Testament. This does not work. It is like trying to do Algebra before you have learned to add and subtract. You cannot learn Algebra first and then learn to add and subtract, you have to learn to add and subtract first, and then proceed to learn Algebra.
      We will begin with the verse in Genesis 1: 26 which reads:
      “Then God said, “Let us make man in our image…”
      Some people claim that God is speaking to the other members of the trinity here. The Hebrews to whom God gave the Hebrew Srciptures to for thousands of years before Christ have never thought that this verse implied that God was plural, or that anyone else was involved in creation. Did God simply want to mislead them? I do not think that is very likely. There are two possibilities for this language. One is that God is talking to the angels. This interpretation is maintained by many scholars who are themselves Trinitarians. The NIV Bible, which is a Trinitarian Bible, states the following on this verse:
      Genesis 1:26: “Some think this describes God speaking to His heavenly court.”
      Isaiah 8:6 supports this idea and form of language. God is speaking to His heavenly court, it states:
      “Then I heard the voice of the LORD saying, whom shall I (singular) send? And who will go for us (plural)?

      • If one’s comments were to pick apart the very first chapter in Genesis for argument sake, as a vulture on bones, a NEW MEMBER READER would quit reading the first day! Be encouraging to one another!

      • For to which of the angels did He
        ever say, “You are My Son; today I have
        begotten You”? And again, “I will be a
        Father to Him, and He shall be a Son to
        Me.” Psalm 2:7
        6 And again, when He brought the Firstbegotten
        into the world, He said, “And let
        all the angels of God worship Him.”
        7 And as to the angels, He said, “Who
        makes His angels spirits, and His servants
        a flame of fire;”? LXX-Psa. 103:4; MTPsa.
        104:4
        8 but as to the Son, “Your throne, O God,
        is forever and ever, A scepter of uprightness
        is the scepter of Your kingdom;
        9 You have loved righteousness and hated
        lawlessness; because of this God, Your God,
        has anointed You with the oil of gladness
        above Your fellows.” Psa. 45:6, 7
        10 And, “You, Lord, at the beginning laid
        the foundation of the earth, and the heavens
        are works of Your hands.
        11 They will vanish away, but You will
        continue; and all things will become old,
        like a garment, 12 and You shall fold them up like a covering,
        and they shall be changed. But You
        are the same, and Your years shall not fail.”
        LXX-Psa. 101:26-28; MT-Psa. 102:25-27
        13 But to which of the angels did He ever
        say, “Sit at My right hand until I place Your
        hostile ones as a footstool of Your feet”?
        LXX-Psa. 109:1; MT-Psa. 110:1
        14 Are they not all ministering spirits for
        service, being sent out because of the ones
        being about to inherit salvation?

      • Question: What is your understanding of the scripture that talks about grieving the holy spirit as a separate identity?

      • Ok, so where does the 'spirit' come into this? God speaks to someone, so who… the angels yes, but it is God's spirit that does the brooding, indicating that there is more than one operating in creation. In the following verses it is God's Word alone that is spoken. One could argue this all day I guess, but, one day we will understand, there are many mysteries that are hidden from our eyes, waiting to be revealed. This will be one of them I guess!

      • so if it was angels to whom GOD ask why most churches teach it was God Son and God Holy Spirit in verses where mentioned WE?

      • There is only One true YHWH the Father that is to be worship by all creation on earth and in heaven. The Son his first creation before anything were made was made God in which we must obey and follow all his teachings so we may know the Father who sent the Son for our salvation.

    • Profile photo of Shoshana

      Shalom Candy. There were two, not three. There were never three, which is a pagan concept adopted by Rome and forced upon Jews that believed in Yeshua as the promised Messiah who came as Yeshua Ben Yoseph. Yeshua prayed to the Father, never to a third party. There are many pagan concepts that came down the roman pipe including the name crestianus or Christians which was given in derision to the followers of The Way or Nazarene Jews. They did not consider themselves Christians because the crestianus were followers of Serapis Crestus, a pagan deity. Instead they followed Torah the way Yeshua showed them to do it and contrary to popular belief they kept the Sabbath, feasts and food ordinances. That is why in Acts 15:21 they wisely concluded that pagans wanting to convert to Judaism after accepting Yeshua first had to go to synagogue every Sabbath and learn Torah instead of jumping in with circumcision right away.
      Anyhow, no original scripture, including the Apostolic Writings, supports the trinity concept. On the contrary we see plenty of scripture that indicates a duality rather than a trinity. When Yeshua was asked what was the first commandment (Mark 12:28-29) He quoted Deu 6:4. There are other scriptures that reinforce this duality rather than trinity concept: John 10:30, John 17:20-21, John 1:18, John 5:30, John 14:28, John 17:16, Matthew 6:9, Mat 26:37-45, Matt. 27:46, Mark 13:32, Luke 3:21-22, Luke 22:42, 1 Co 8:6, 2 Co 4:4, Rev. 3:11-12, Of course there are some verses such as Matthew 28:19, that may mislead but diligent searching indicates that this scripture in the earlier more reliable scripts does not say ‘Holy Spirit’ but was in fact added to later versions so it can’t really be counted as sustaining the trinity concept.

      • Thank you for the explanation to Candy. I also have similar questions. I have accepted the Trinity for most of my life – and your explanation kind of shakes this up. But I am here for the truth and to know G-d and my Messiah better.

        So what were the Apostles baptized with when Jesus said He would send a "helper" the Holy Spirit? Thank you

    • Genesis 1:and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
      Does the above verse prove that God has Spirit?

      • The Spirit of YHWH is His knowledge, power, strength, Wisdom, etc. When it says "hovered over the face of the waters it means he was focusing, working, studying, to create this planet. "Hovering proves there's a space in between below and above" a distance which may place a location beyond apart from creation. A plan is not a part of a creator and the one who build may not be the creator but his knowledge does.

      • Profile photo of FTerry1228

        Having been raised a Baptist all my life Julia, I can understand where you are coming from with this question. However, since it is a Jewish text, that is how I must seek to understand it. The word Ruach can mean spirit, but it can also mean wind or breath. That is why some English translations instead interpret it as "a wind sent from God". I know it is hard to set aside what we have become used to, but I must approach the text in as much a Jewish understanding as I can. I'm not sure of your faith background, but I was grafted in "as a wild olive branch" into Judaism, rather than the other way around. That is, they were not grafted into Christianity, but Christians are grafted in to Judaism. Thank you.

      • God is a translation YHWH is not Yaweh, Yaweh it is a pronunciation and not a name. YHWH is the name of the Almighty Father, The holy Name, The Name above all name. Worship His Name creatures of the Earth!

    • Profile photo of
      Artisto

      Why r u so quick to dismiss that there r other gods? The bible makes many references that there r indeed other gods! As a matter of fact, God never claims that there no other gods; indeed— His commandment is that believers must not bow down to those other gods….

      • In the English language, what is the definition of a god: a super4natural being that has supernatural powers. That definition would then include angels as god's. Hashem is the "most high God" and the creator of the angels. Also, we humans can make god's out of money, status, prestige, and other things. When God says, "Thou should not put other God's above me He also means that we should place Him above money and other things. If a decision is to be made between doing God's will and making money, we should choose doing God's will. God's commandments are not so understand if we think about them and also ask God to help us understand them. God wants to grant that request as He wants us to obey His Commandments and how can we obey them if we don't understand them. Baruch Hashem forever!

    • Candy,

      G-d was speaking to his heavenly court. G-d teaches us that He doesn't do anything without first consulting His heavenly court in the decision making process. Saying that G-d has three parts limits G-d greatly, since G-d is infinite. G-d created man in His image because since G-d is everywhere at all times, He couldn't experience Himself. That's why mankind was made in His image, so He could experience Himself.

  • I think that the word “God” its confused to the people, because in hebrew the word “Elohim” isn’t the same. Elohim its an attibute of justice, and its not only for a specific person, by example for judges. So, when we used “Elohim said”, then Elohim isn’t HaShem.

    • I'm very confused about the names. Elohim, Adoni, G-d, HaShem, Yahweh – all are names for God. I've always thought that El is G-d. Can you explain a little more?

      • As I understand it, the Priests and rulers of Israel in ancient times considered the 10 Commandments so Holy and so important to obey that they built "boxes" around them. One of the 10 commandments reads in the Hebrew, "Thou shall not take the Name of "Yod He Vav He" in vain." "Yod He Vav He" are the Hebrew characters that spell the Name of God. These Hebrew characters are now transliterated to be pronounced in English as Yahweh. So that it would be impossible for any person who is Jewish to disobey that commandment, they were forbidden to pronounce God's Name at all. So that Jewish people could talk about God yet not pronounce His Name they used substitutes. Hashem is one of those substitutes and in Hebrew, means "The Name", and is my favorite as I feel it is the most intimate in my heart. Adoni is one of the substitutes for God's Name and means, "my Lord" in Hebrew. The Hebrew word spelled in English characters as "El" , is the equilivant of the English word spelled, G O D. The suffix "im" in Hebrew indicates a word is masculine and plural, so that Elohim would seem to be similar to the English word "Gods" but there is considerable controversy about this as Jewish people, Christians and myself believe that there is only 1 God so that the word "Gods" is an impossibility and so that Elohim must mean something else.

      • YHWH is His Name The Father Almighty holy and true One God. All the rest are pronunciation, titles and interpretations. Ask and it shall be given, seek and you shall find,knock and it shall be open…

    • Luis is right. When the word Elohim is used in the T'nach, justice immediately follows. When the word YHVH appears in the T'nach, the attribute of mercy follows. The term Elohim however doesn't strictly refer to G-d. It can refer to judges, angels, kings…It all depends on the context. Remember, context is king when it comes to scripture. Just as a side note, 1/4 of the day G-d spends studying the Torah. 1/4 of the day G-d sits in mercy. 1/4 of the day G-d sits in judgement. The final 1/4 of the day, G-d plays with Leviathan.

  • The scripture begins by God declaring Himself to us. Then by introduction to the fathers and the works He reveals through them, we learn about His character of holiness. And then we can understand His will for us.

  • “…And God saw everything He had made, and, behold, it was very good…” One cannot even imagine this scene…God looked over everything He made from the moment He spoke our universe into being; day one, and pronounced that it was “good”. This is what humans do when one completes a project…and then, rest from laboring. So, this is where we get it, then, right from God Himself. How beautifully simple, but, of course, creating the known universe was “laboring” on a much more major scale. Imagine the sense of accomplishment, the sense of elation at the moment of completion, the pronouncing of, “.. it was good…” And we today get that same sense of accomplishment, the same elation when a project is finished, and it comes from His gracious hand, passed down to us now from His son, Adam, our earthly human ancestor….and it is good! What a wonderful Abba Father….Selah.

  • When we read Genesis, one must remember that Moses was given these inspired words so that the people could be taught where they originated from. He, Moses never had any writings with which he could compare notes. Nor did he have the teachings that is known as The New Testament. So, going to the First verse. In the beginning… those three words should then teach the reader that that is what is being brought to the fore. Elohim is one of the Names that is used to name God as being superior in Nature, Character and in Person. We also should remember that we are not here to argue about the existence of Meshiach or not. We are here to learn about the reason the scriptures were written in the order that they were and also the content that was given to be written about.

    • Greetings, Joshua Michael. I think you’ve hit the nail squarely on two points. In the order you presented them, this forum is not for any one of us to affirm or reject the existance of “Meshiach”. If that is to be done, only Torah and the prophets are qualified. Your second point regards the designed order and content given to us to discuss. In these, you are very correct.
      I would suggest Moshe did no differently than any other bonifide author. Before he begins his work, he states a purpose for the work. In actuality, Genesis is part of Torah. Yet, in practicality, it’s only his introduction. In Genesis, Elohim states through Moshe the purpose of the entire work and introduces the characters upon whom Exodus thru Deuteronomy are applicable.
      In regards to this point, Elohim refers to Himself through Isaiah in 46: 9-10 and says, “I am Elohim, and there is none beside Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things that are not yet done”. Would you agree with my premise that Elohim began with Genesis because He wanted to state His purpose and set the stage for everything that followed?

  • Blessed be Hashem Elohim, the G-d of Israel, the creator of the heavens and the earth, who graciously provides all things good for life.

  • That is an assumption based on the fact that you have the New Testament to prove that Yeshuah was there. But, If you read the Tanach as it is then you will see that without the New Testament you would find it hard to prove that just as you out it.

    • Genesis 2:2 Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters.
      The above verse proves that the Holy Spirit of God was there.

      • Not to disagree but to add; God is Spirit, so that the words, "The Spirit of God hovered over the waters," could instead simply mean that "God who is Spirit hovered over the waters."

      • The problem here is that the concept of the Spirit of God is different from YHWH the Creator of all things. No, Spirit means power, knowledge, wisdom, strength, etc. What it really means he was focusing, looking, studying, planning, that's how knowledge work and it doesn't mean of another entity hovering upon the face of the deep. It is designed fashioned according to plan and most of the time the maker of the plan is not the builder but another worker are assigned to complete it.

    • There were around 50 secular scholars living and recording history at the time of Y'shua. Not one of them mentions him at all. In addition, the earliest writings of Josephus do not include any mention of Y'shua. He was added in later editions. It's interesting to note that there is only a blurb that mentions Y'shua in these later editions but much more is written about John the Immerser. That makes no sense at all.

      • Yes but Saul/Paul lived during the time of Yeshua and sent letters to the churches he started and spoke of Him. The churches copied these letters and spread them to the other churches. The letters of Saul/Paul are therefore certain to be accurate as people at the time could check them out and never would have accepted them if there were falsehoods in them.

  • If one’s comments were to pick apart the very first chapter in Genesis for argument sake, as a vulture on bones, a NEW MEMBER READER would quit reading the first day! Be encouraging to one another!

    • Pick apart the very first chapter? Absolutely YES! As a matter of fact, I suggest picking apart EVERY letter within Torah, right down to every jot and tittle. There is no redundency or mistakes within it’s pages. Every letter and scribal mark has a specific meaning and purpose that demands our attention.
      *
      Be encouraging to one another? Again, absolutely YES! Any nastiness within these comments is borne out of pet doctrines on all sides of the discussion. It’s an “I’m right, you’re wrong” approach to the Scriptures. That approach will NEVER work! The only path to true encouragement is to “pick apart” every detail of Scriptures and feast thereon.
      *
      For argument sake, as vultures on bones? This is a very shallow and condescending statement. This first chapter, all of Genesis, and the Torah for that matter, is there for the dissecting. In each letter, there’s a veritable orchard or garden just waiting to be discovered. These jewels can only be found when parties of this discussion divest themselves of their personal, traditional thinking. Only then can a harvest of plenty from the hand of Elohim be reaped.

      • When I write comments that seem a little terse, I usually look back on them and feel a little uneasy, conspicuous, and guilty. This appears to be one of those times. It is in no way my desire to be a part of the “nasty” crowd. I’m attempting to commune with my brothers and sisters in the land, and those of Jacob and Israel still scattered abroad. We are family and I wish to tailor my comments accordingly.
        *
        Let me explain with something I just learned. The reference is Talmud Eruvim 13b. “Eilu v’eilu divrei elohim chayim”. In English it’s, “These and these are the words of the Living God”. In this consideration, there are two sources of our interpretations of Scripture. They are personal pride and “machloket l’shem shamayim”, or “a disagreement for the sake of heaven”. It is my prayer that wisdom wins out in this sometimes prideful student of our Master Elohim.
        *
        It is a mature student of Elohim that understands the difference between the two. The former may win a battle, or argument, but only the latter will stand when the dust settles. The former will alienate brothers, sisters, and friends. The latter will last a lifetime. There is a verse in the Brit Hadashah that says, “Now remains faith, hope, and charity, these three. But, the greatest of these is charity”. I pray all my brethren have a beautiful Son-shine day in Adonai!
        *
        Baruch Hashem

      • Yes, I agree, no pettiness and we should encourage everyone who seeks to understand Hashem's love letter to us, the Tanach which is also His instructions on how to live the best and most satisfying life in in His Creation. Also, Hashem may have more than 1 meaning in a scripture so that sometimes a person cannot say this is the only meaning in this scripture. But then too, honesty is needed. If a person were to say, "I have 2 statements. Statement number 1) is 2+2 =4. Statement number 2) is 2+3 =4. and then asks other people, which is the correct statement?; should a person answer, "each is only your opinion? No! A person must in honesty say that statement number 1) is correct and statement number 2) is incorrect or wrong.

        Some will say that no one knows anything for sure and every statement is only a person's opinion, so that no one can say someone is right or wrong. Not so. I know that 2+2=4 because I have seen the truth of this many times. I know that Hashem is real because He has given me the undeserved Spiritual experience of the Reality of Himself, His infinite love for us, and that He is the only True God. You may disagree and say that, that is only my opinion but I know from personal experience that what I have just written is more correct and more true than 2+2=4. God bless you all.

  • Genesis 1: 1 says, “In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth”. The Hebrew rendition says, “B’reishit bara Elohim et hashamyim v’et haeretz”. In the spirit of Isaiah 46: 9-10, and Genesis being an introduction to Torah as I stated above, there is a word missing from the English version of Gen. 1: 1. It’s the word, “et”, (aleph Tav). It’s placed next to “Elohim” and doesn’t come into play in any English translations I’ve read. It also appears almost 20 times in this chapter alone. What is the mystery Moshe is trying to reveal? Would anyone like to take a stab at solving this mystery?

  • Great comments from the Israel Bible staff on verse 1. I never realized the part about the first and last letter of Torah. Truly, it is the heart of ALL that praise and hold dear the Elohim of Avraham, Yitzak, and Ya’acob. It is also the heart of the Tanahk. The prophets and poetic writers taught and sang from and of it. Most Christians don’t know it and/or won’t admit it, but every author of their Scriptures teach the Torah of Moshe as well, including their Messiah.
    *
    I think there couldn’t be a better introductory statement than the one Elohim states through Moshe. In the simple, P’shat understanding of verse 1, I’m reminded of famous painters. They created beautiful works and then signed their name on them. Elohim is attaching His signature to His beautiful creation right from the beginning. The entire earth (above & below) is His. Everything in and on it is His. It’s His to give as He pleases. (Ps. 24: 1)
    *
    Rashi’s prediction was very correct. There’s a serious dispute going on in the world today regarding who has legitimate claim to the land we know as Israel. Hashem’s stamp of ownership is clearly stated in verse 1. Torah says Hashem gave it to Avraham and his descendants forever. From Gaza to the Golan, from the Yarden and West Bank to the Med, it ALL belongs to the descendants of Avraham. Heaven most certainly won’t help those that are partners in dividing His land AND His Holy City. (Ez. 38, 39)
    *
    There is a curious statement from Hashem to Avraham in B’reshit 15 regarding land ownership. He says Avraham is the undesputed benefactor of ALL the land between the Euphrates River and the River of Egypt (Nile). That’s one huge swath of territory. The Euphrates begins somewhere near the northern extremes of Syria and continues southward through Iraq to at least the Persian Gulf. The Nile begins at or near the Med and continues several thousand miles down to the southern portions of Africa, to a point well below southernmost Saudi Arabia and to the Indian Ocean. According to B’reshit 15, it appears the little swath of land in question today is just a down payment on Avraham’s inheritance. How’s that for a ONE State solution?
    *
    Baruch Hashem

    • I am new here and so far behind you all in my studies. But I am one Christian who does know what my Yeshua taught about the Torah of Moshe, as you point out – many Christians do not know. I will read for now and comment to only ask questions and learn at this point. Thank you

      • You may think you know what Y'shua taught about Mosheh's Torah, but he certainly didn't observe Mosheh's Torah. He touched a woman who wasn't his wife, which is forbidden. He touched a bleeding woman, again forbidden. He touched a leper which was forbidden. The referred to his mother as "woman" which is disrespectful. He destroyed personal property when he overturned the moneychanger's tables. He also let their animals loose when he smashed their cages, again against the law. He didn't keep halacha on many occasions as pointed out by the Rebbeim. Y'shua kept the rules he wanted to keep and disregarded the rules he disagreed with. Not very observant.

        • Where did you get that Yahuwshua touches a woman who wasn't his wife? He has no wife. He did not touch the bleeding woman the woman did touch the edge of his garment and that she was healed according to the story. He did touch the man with leprosy to heal him. The law not to touch lepers is personal and not in general form to not infect yourself with the disease. But if you want to help lepers you need to touch them for medications it's a common sense. If he destroy tables of disrespectful disobedient money changers who use the temple like their business to gain money by fooling the worshippers who went to the Temple then Yahuwshua did was noble. He smashes the cages of the animals because he was right, that's not how the way to choose an animal to offer to the Father. The offering must be the best of your effort not just pick up something from the side as these crooks were teaching the worshippers. They are teaching evil to the people and so he shows the right way to do these things at the Temple. So you see as a Teacher of Prophet he did the right thing based by the law and common sense.

  • To Mel Alexenburg (from your link): "My wife, Miriam, and I created. …art project to celebrate our 52nd year of marriage. ….During each of the 52 weeks of our 52nd year, we posted photographs…that relate the weekly Torah reading to our lives…..invites others to create their own Bible blogs that… express spirituality.."

    Thanks for your comment. We have done a very similar thing on our blogsites. You can learn more about the Aleph-Tav message at my site: http://yourtexascashmaster.blogspot.com/2011/05/end-from-beginning-missing-word.html

    • Learning about the "Aleph-Tav" and how it appears in the Hebrew language in the Torah thousands of times and yet is never translated into English has deepened our understanding of the Scriptures dramatically. The rabbe have argued over who or what is this "Aleph-Tav" for as long as there have been rabbe.
      *
      Just learning about WHERE the "Aleph-Tav's" are located reveals a much bigger picture than anyone could ever get just from looking at an English Bible. This is worth learning more about as we're also taught that Moshe NEVER put "an idle word" in the Torah.
      Baruch Hashem.

  • There is another consideration of the "Aleph Tav". These letters are the first and last letters of the Hebrew alephbet. The two letters together suggest "authority", in this case of an absolute sense. In all His glory and dominion, Elohim is the first and last in all He says and does. There is no other opinion but His. He put His Torah in the simplest of forms through Moshe, and commanded that it not to be added to or taken from. Religious leaders and teachers do not have the authority to alter any words spoken through Moshe.

  • In the spirit of v. 26 of the Israel Bible, "And God said: 'Let US make man in OUR image, after OUR likeness…'", there is significant evidence in this chapter concerning unity of action of the multiple parts of Elohim. In addition to v.1, the words, "Elohim et", appears in unity six more times before the chapter ends–vv. 7, 16, 21,25,27, & 31. It's clear Hashem is not double minded. Every part of Him is working together in unison. It's a concept that is clearly shown in the "shema" of Deut. 6: 4. It says YHVH (Yod Hey Vav Hey) is "one (echad)". In the first chapter of Torah alone, there are 7 witnesses that testify of the "unified One" character of our Elohim.

    • No. The verbs that follow are singular. Sorry, unity is not the issue here. Understanding Hebrew grammar is.

      • Yes the Father did mean refer to his first creation "The only begotten Son" D Messiah, D Savior. In fact all was created by the Father Almighty because of "The Word."

  • I am a novice in learning Hebrew and am keen on learning that precious language.

    I have been struggling with Genesis 1 six days creation. I need to understand the Hebrew words. In Genesis 1:5, ( I read from NKJV) G-d called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day. What does the word day really mean in Hebrew?

    Some people say that it is only lateral, the others say it is not. Some people say that it took Him millions of years to create the universe as the Bible says that to God one year is one day and vice versa, the others say that it takes six days because He cannot tell lie.

    Looking forward to hearing from you.

    • Profile photo of sffej

      Shalom Michael,

      One perspective I've heard is that the day is literal and not millions of years is because G-D created the plants on earth on day 3, which in Jewish tradition starts at night and ends in day, and then He creates the Stars, Sun, and Moon the very next day. If it were millions of years then would it be possible for the plants to grow let alone survive?

      I don't know if you've heard this perspective or not but hope it helps!

      ~Jeff

      • Of course it is not literal. The Creation is not about Jewish tradition of day. When the Father created the Universe the DAY doesn't mean 24 hours Earth day. The Almighty Creator is not bound by time or day according to our concept. He emphasize the days that we may know a glimpse of His Wisdom as he created even the beginning of our time bounded by hours, days, week, seasons and years according to the celestial body above us.

    • Prior to the sun placed in the sky to mark a 24 hour day, Yom could mean a long, long period of time.

  • According to Proverbs 25; 2, Elohim has hidden truths throughout Scriptures (glory of God to conceal a thing). He has so done in order to cause us to search them out (search out a matter). Of course, Elohim could just write/speak in a plain manner so we could readily understand. However, that would not give us strength. In depriving us of the ability to dig below the surface, our faith in Him would become weak and of no value.
    *
    With that in mind, I have brought to light a great mystery hidden within this first verse of Torah regarding the "Aleph/Tav symbol. To other comments I've made on the symbol, I would like to add two quotes from noted Rabbis.
    *
    From the "Ask the Rabbi" website, the Rabbi says, "The sages deduce laws from the places where the 'Aleph/Tav' appears. The rule is that it is meant to include something above and beyond the limited definition of the word".
    *
    Rabbi S.R. Hirsch says the symbol is related to the word, 'Os' or sign. For example, the symbol stands for more than itself.
    *
    That is the mysterious uniqueness of this symbol. It's not just a random symbol. It appears over 2600 times in Torah alone, and nearly 3 times that much in the whole of Tanakh. In addition, about 800 times more, it appears with another letter before or after it, giving it a different meaning yet. With its very wide and varied use, I think it's a very valuable jewel indeed, well worth digging for.

    • IF YOU SET OUT TO EXPLORE GODS WORD IN TRUTH YOU WILL FIND THAT EVERYTHING POINTS TO THE CROSS, IF YOU LEAVE OUT THE THE NEW TESTAMENT AND THE CROSS THE OLD TESTAMENT LEAVES NO MEANING. CHECK IT OUT AS I DID AND YOU WILL SEE THE FULLNESS THAT THE NEW TESTAMENT BRINGS IN TRUTH AND MEANING TO THE OLD TESTAMENT, IF YOU REALLY WANT TRUTH.

      J. ABRAHAM

      • It's not true, it's not about the cross but to know the truth about the Father in heaven the Almighty One, the Creator of all things that we may know Him and all return back to Him.

  • Profile photo of Shoshana

    Yes, I agree, Elohim has concealed things in scriptures for us to dig out as His Ruach leads us illuminating His words. This is for our own good; we dont learn to walk by seeing someone do it; we learn by doing it ourselves.

  • This is such a great blessing to fine this sight and to hear the word spoken in Hebrew , I have studying Hebrew for some time now on my own , this is a great help to me , and a wonderful finding of a treasure as anything ever to be . Thank you very much for your work of labor and I will be praying blessings on you as the Lord helps me to learn the Hebrew , my heart is with the people of the book , and if I was younger I would have loved to helped lsrael to stay free . I do support I D F each month and pray for the peace of the nation re-born in a day Isaiah 41:1 – 43:28 and 44:1-3 . From 70 A D unto 1948 the care of the Lord and His Arm has been stretched out still , from alaph to tav , from apha to omega , the beginning and the end , He is faithfully watching over Israel , bless thee , Yeshua .

  • I ask people to be patient with me as there are some things I would like to say that are my thinking to myself and not statements I cling to. Genesis starts out, "In the beginning.". But actually there was no beginning because God always was. There is no Time when God was not. But there was a time that there was the beginning of Creation. Was there a time before Creation? There must have been because there was a time when only God was. However, we know that the angels were created before humans because Satan who already had disobeyed and rebelled against God was in the Garden of Eden to tempt and successfully seduce Eve. Satan's name before he rebelled against God was Lucifer which means "light bearer". Before Adam and Eve were created there was a "war in Heaven" which God talks about in Ezekiel chapter 28 which starts out talking about the king of Tyre who resembles Satan and then more clearly talks about Satan. I am told that the Hebrew To hu ve bu hu which is translated as "was" in Genesis 2 can also be translated as "became", which would change the sentence to, "The earth became formless and empty" and possibly could have became that way because of the war in Heaven when Satan convinced 1/3 of the angels to rebel against God and the holy and good angels kicked Satan and his evil angels out of heaven.

    I would appreciate any thoughts or insights on what I have written especially by rabbi's. After reading the previous comments I am again struck by the great love of Hashem that everyone has for Hashem and that I have also. It helps me to feel as if we are all brothers and sisters and children of Hashem our Holy Father. Thank you dear holy people who created this wonderful website. Shalom uvracha ata.

    • Shalom Albert. I am in total agreement with you on this wonderful site and the great people of Hashem. I also find your question very interesting as well. The beginning could mean the beginning of Earth, not of time which I believe is meaningless to G-d. I know others who have studied these things longer than I can offer more.

      I just wanted to say that you are not alone here with your questions.

        • Hi Albert, I am just getting started with this and hope to learn, period. So far it seems everyone is acting very human and acceptive of each view, that is very encouraging. I met and developed a relationship with a Jewish lady who shared with me a, to her, a very cherished book. I can't remember the authors name but she was British, anyway, the book was about a time before earth or man. Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Lucifer were brother's and Son's of God the Father. They all enjoyed life together and rode their chariots throughout the infinite universe, having races, all laughing and having great fun seeing who would arrive at a given planet first. They had great fun and love for each other until the Father decided to create human life. All but Lucifer accepted this and this was the beginning of division between the 4 brothers. The decision was also accepted by the 24 Elders, leaving only Lucifer in objection. Lucifer's MAIN objection was that The Father was going to use, or infuse HIS own DNA into this new creation and was planning to place them on, and give them Planet Earth. Lucifer's objection to this was the very first time any had disagreed with the Father, and the Elders, the first time HATE existed. Lucifer didn't want change to come, he rebelled, he attempted to destroy The Father's "new creation" and in the first " anger" killed his pet panther, which everyone else couldn't at first even comprehend because they had NEVER seen DEATH before. It all comes down to all these " first's " done by Lucifer was the Creation of Sin and Lucifer has not stopped trying to Destroy Human Kind. Quite a " reaching " story, but that's the jest of a book that this Jewish Lady treasured.

          • Taken from the "story" above; The Son's of God were created Heavenly being's, angel's. Genesis means Beginnings. I read up to Gen. 2:3 that Elohim created and then blessed the 7th Day and Sanctified it. 2:4 These ARE the generations (plural) of the Heavens(plural) and of the earth(singular) when they were created, in the day that the Lord God( Yahweh Elohim) made the earth and the heavens : So in 1:2 we have Ruach Elohim, the Spirit of God and 2:4 Yahweh Elohim, The Trinity. The bloodline follows ONLY the Genealogy of Jesus. Jesus being the Redemptive Plan from the foundations of the World. The New Testament explains the Old Testament and the Old explains the New. God is Eternal, from everlasting to everlasting, more closely in Hebrew, from the vanishing point to the vanishing point.

  • I am also a novice here, though before I came here I thought I knew a lot. Now I know I have a lot to know 🙂

    I have some struggles with the concept of the 6-day creation as well. If G-d created everything in 6 days, where do the fossils come from – the dinosaurs and creatures who seem, by science to have been here millions of years before man? Some theories have been pointed out that it was possible that Satan involved himself in their creation but that would still require the earth to have been created first right? So help me explain to the little children what all of this means.

  • Hi, would someone be able to tell me in verse 28 is it a correct translation for 'replenish'? To me that would imply a command to fill something that was already full.

  • When we contemplate the nature of God we reach the limits of finite human personality, and we should not be surprised by how multifaceted He is.

  • Profile photo of Bob Candelaria

    Let us (spirit) make (Angels) Man (creation) in our image. Does G-od have image? Elokim… like (the powerfull of heaven ).
    Only creatures have images… Not the Allmighty King of the universal.

    How many spirits can be seen with humans eyes? Because if you can't see them… Neither will be possible to count them.

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Genesis 1