2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Hashem, according to all that Yehoyakim had done.
ב וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה יְהוֹיָקִם.
52:3 Indeed, Yerushalayim and Yehuda were a cause of anger for Hashem
Yirmiyahu’s final chapter repeats the description of the downfall of Yehuda and Yerushalayim at the hands of the Babylonians. One might be tempted to separate Hashem from history, and state that politics and theology do not mix. What Yirmiyahu teaches is that the two work hand-in-hand. On the surface, Babylonia is another superpower overrunning a minor, vassal state. However, Yehuda is vulnerable not because of its small army, but because it refuses to perform justice and righteousness, and worships idols in Hashem‘s holy land. It is their sinful behavior and God’s corresponding anger that leads to Israel’s exile, just as God’s everlasting love for His people and His land will eventually lead to their full return and restoration, and to the redemption of the entire world.1 comment
4 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nevuchadretzar king of Bavel came, he and all his army, against Yerushalayim, and encamped against it; and they built forts against it round about.
ד וַיְהִי בַשָּׁנָה הַתְּשִׁעִית לְמָלְכוֹ בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָעֲשִׂירִי בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ בָּא נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל הוּא וְכָל חֵילוֹ עַל יְרוּשָׁלִַם וַיַּחֲנוּ עָלֶיהָ וַיִּבְנוּ עָלֶיהָ דָּיֵק סָבִיב.
5 So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Tzidkiyahu.
6 In the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.
ו בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָרְבִיעִי בְּתִשְׁעָה לַחֹדֶשׁ וַיֶּחֱזַק הָרָעָב בָּעִיר וְלֹא הָיָה לֶחֶם לְעַם הָאָרֶץ.
7 Then a breach was made in the city, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king’s garden–now the Chaldeans were against the city round about–and they went by the way of the Arabah.
ז וַתִּבָּקַע הָעִיר וְכָל אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה יִבְרְחוּ וַיֵּצְאוּ ֵהָעִיר לַיְלָה דֶּרֶךְ שַׁעַר בֵּין הַחֹמֹתַיִם אֲשֶׁר עַל גַּן הַמֶּלֶךְ וְכַשְׂדִּים עַל הָעִיר סָבִיב וַיֵּלְכוּ דֶּרֶךְ הָעֲרָבָה.
8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Tzidkiyahu in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.
ח וַיִּרְדְּפוּ חֵיל כַּשְׂדִּים אַחֲרֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיַּשִּׂיגוּ אֶת צִדְקִיָּהוּ בְּעַרְבֹת יְרֵחוֹ וְכָל חֵילוֹ נָפֹצוּ מֵעָלָיו.
9 Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Bavel to Riblah in the land of Hamath; and he gave judgment upon him.
ט וַיִּתְפְּשׂוּ אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיַּעֲלוּ אֹתוֹ אֶל מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל רִבְלָתָה בְּאֶרֶץ חֲמָת וַיְדַבֵּר אִתּוֹ מִשְׁפָּטִים.
12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of king Nevuchadretzar, king of Bavel, came Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, who stood before the king of Bavel, into Yerushalayim;
13 and he burned the house of Hashem, and the king’s house; and all the houses of Yerushalayim, even every great man’s house, burned he with fire.
יג וַיִּשְׂרֹף אֶת בֵּית יְהוָה וְאֶת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֵת כָּל בָּתֵּי יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְאֶת כָּל בֵּית הַגָּדוֹל שָׂרַף בָּאֵשׁ.
14 And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, broke down all the walls of Yerushalayim round about.
יד וְאֶת כָּל חֹמוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם סָבִיב נָתְצוּ כָּל חֵיל כַּשְׂדִּים אֲשֶׁר אֶת רַב טַבָּחִים.
15 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the poorest sort of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Bavel, and the residue of the multitude.
16 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.
טז וּמִדַּלּוֹת הָאָרֶץ הִשְׁאִיר נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב טַבָּחִים לְכֹרְמִים וּלְיֹגְבִים.
17 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of Hashem, and the bases and the brazen sea that were in the house of Hashem, did the Chaldeans break in pieces, and carried all the brass of them to Bavel.
יז וְאֶת עַמּוּדֵי הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר לְבֵית יְהוָה וְאֶת הַמְּכֹנוֹת וְאֶת יָם הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר בְּבֵית יְהוָה שִׁבְּרוּ כַשְׂדִּים וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת כָּל נְחֻשְׁתָּם בָּבֶלָה.
18 The pots also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the basins, and the pans, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.
יח וְאֶת הַסִּרוֹת וְאֶת הַיָּעִים וְאֶת הַמְזַמְּרוֹת וְאֶת הַמִּזְרָקֹת וְאֶת הַכַּפּוֹת וְאֵת כָּל כְּלֵי הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר יְשָׁרְתוּ בָהֶם לָקָחוּ.
19 And the cups, and the fire-pans, and the basins, and the pots, and the candlesticks, and the pans, and the bowls–that which was of gold, in gold, and that which was of silver, in silver–the captain of the guard took away.
יט וְאֶת הַסִּפִּים וְאֶת הַמַּחְתּוֹת וְאֶת הַמִּזְרָקוֹת וְאֶת הַסִּירוֹת וְאֶת הַמְּנֹרוֹת וְאֶת הַכַּפּוֹת וְאֶת הַמְּנַקִּיּוֹת אֲשֶׁר זָהָב זָהָב וַאֲשֶׁר כֶּסֶף כָּסֶף לָקַח רַב טַבָּחִים.
20 The two pillars, the one sea, and the twelve brazen bulls that were under the bases, which king Shlomo had made for the house of Hashem–the brass of all these vessels was without weight.
כ הָעַמּוּדִים שְׁנַיִם הַיָּם אֶחָד וְהַבָּקָר שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר נְחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר תַּחַת הַמְּכֹנוֹת אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה לְבֵית יְהוָה לֹא הָיָה מִשְׁקָל לִנְחֻשְׁתָּם כָּל הַכֵּלִים הָאֵלֶּה.
21 And as for the pillars, the height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a line of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers; it was hollow.
כא וְהָעַמּוּדִים שְׁמֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה אַמָּה קומה (קוֹמַת) הָעַמֻּד הָאֶחָד וְחוּט שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה אַמָּה יְסֻבֶּנּוּ וְעָבְיוֹ אַרְבַּע אֶצְבָּעוֹת נָבוּב.
22 And a capital of brass was upon it; and the height of the one capital was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the capital round about, all of brass; and the second pillar also had like unto these, and pomegranates.
כב וְכֹתֶרֶת עָלָיו נְחֹשֶׁת וְקוֹמַת הַכֹּתֶרֶת הָאַחַת חָמֵשׁ אַמּוֹת וּשְׂבָכָה וְרִמּוֹנִים עַל הַכּוֹתֶרֶת סָבִיב הַכֹּל נְחֹשֶׁת וְכָאֵלֶּה לַעַמּוּד הַשֵּׁנִי וְרִמּוֹנִים.
23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on the outside; all the pomegranates were a hundred upon the network round about.
כג וַיִּהְיוּ הָרִמֹּנִים תִּשְׁעִים וְשִׁשָּׁה רוּחָה כָּל הָרִמּוֹנִים מֵאָה עַל הַשְּׂבָכָה סָבִיב.
25 and out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war; and seven men of them that saw the king’s face, who were found in the city; and the scribe of the captain of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city.
כה וּמִן הָעִיר לָקַח סָרִיס אֶחָד אֲשֶׁר הָיָה פָקִיד עַל אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה וְשִׁבְעָה אֲנָשִׁים מֵרֹאֵי פְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ אֲשֶׁר נִמְצְאוּ בָעִיר וְאֵת סֹפֵר שַׂר הַצָּבָא הַמַּצְבִּא אֶת עַם הָאָרֶץ וְשִׁשִּׁים אִישׁ מֵעַם הָאָרֶץ הַנִּמְצְאִים בְּתוֹךְ הָעִיר.
26 And Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Bavel to Riblah.
כו וַיִּקַּח אוֹתָם נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב טַבָּחִים וַיֹּלֶךְ אוֹתָם אֶל מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל רִבְלָתָה.
28 This is the people whom Nevuchadretzar carried away captive: in the seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty;
כח זֶה הָעָם אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר בִּשְׁנַת שֶׁבַע יְהוּדִים שְׁלֹשֶׁת אֲלָפִים וְעֶשְׂרִים וּשְׁלֹשָׁה.
29 in the eighteenth year of Nevuchadretzar, from Yerushalayim, eight hundred thirty and two persons;
כט בִּשְׁנַת שְׁמוֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה לִנְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מִירוּשָׁלִַם נֶפֶשׁ שְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת שְׁלֹשִׁים וּשְׁנָיִם.
30 in the three and twentieth year of Nevuchadretzar Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons; all the persons were four thousand and six hundred.
ל בִּשְׁנַת שָׁלֹשׁ וְעֶשְׂרִים לִנְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר הֶגְלָה נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב טַבָּחִים יְהוּדִים נֶפֶשׁ שְׁבַע מֵאוֹת אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה כָּל נֶפֶשׁ אַרְבַּעַת אֲלָפִים וְשֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת.
31 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Yehoyachin king of Yehudah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Bavel, in the first year of his reign, lifted up the head of Yehoyachin king of Yehudah, and brought him forth out of prison.
32 And he spoke kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Bavel.
לב וַיְדַבֵּר אִתּוֹ טֹבוֹת וַיִּתֵּן אֶת כִּסְאוֹ מִמַּעַל לְכִסֵּא מלכים (הַמְּלָכִים) אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ בְּבָבֶל.
33 And he changed his prison garments, and did eat bread before him continually all the days of his life.
לג וְשִׁנָּה אֵת בִּגְדֵי כִלְאוֹ וְאָכַל לֶחֶם לְפָנָיו תָּמִיד כָּל יְמֵי חַיָּו.