Yirmiyahu asserts that Moab will be as embarrassed about relying on their god, Chemosh, as the Jews were about relying on Yerovam’s golden calves. According to contemporary Israeli scholar Rabbi Amnon Bazak, Yerovam’s calves were intended to replace the two cherubs found on top of the ark in the Beit Hamikdash. He placed one in Dan, the northern border of his kingdom, and one in Beit El, at the southern border, to signify that the Divine Presence shall rest between the two calves, throughout his entire kingdom, just as it rests between the two cherubs on top of the ark. Yerovam hoped that instead of viewing Yerushalayim and the Beit Hamikdash as the sole place of God’s Presence, they would see the entire Land of Israel as the resting place for God’s glory. The people, however, failed to internalize Yerovam’s intended message and instead of worshipping Hashem throughout the land, they worshiped the calves themselves, angering God and eventually leading to their exile.
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