Jeremiah 45
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1  The word of Hashem to the navi Yirmiyahu concerning the nations.

א  אֲשֶׁר הָיָה דְבַר־יְהוָה אֶל־יִרְמְיָהוּ הַנָּבִיא עַל־הַגּוֹיִם׃

2  Concerning Egypt, about the army of Pharaoh Neco, king of Egypt, which was at the river Euphrates near Carchemish, and which was defeated by King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon, in the fourth year of King Yehoyakim son of Yoshiyahu of Yehuda.

ב  לְמִצְרַיִם עַל־חֵיל פַּרְעֹה נְכוֹ מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם אֲשֶׁר־הָיָה עַל־נְהַר־פְּרָת בְּכַרְכְּמִשׁ אֲשֶׁר הִכָּה נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בִּשְׁנַת הָרְבִיעִית לִיהוֹיָקִים בֶּן־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה׃

3  Get ready buckler and shield, And move forward to battle!

ג  עִרְכוּ מָגֵן וְצִנָּה וּגְשׁוּ לַמִּלְחָמָה׃

4  Harness the horses; Mount, you horsemen! Fall in line, helmets on! Burnish the lances, Don your armor!

ד  אִסְרוּ הַסּוּסִים וַעֲלוּ הַפָּרָשִׁים וְהִתְיַצְּבוּ בְּכוֹבָעִים מִרְקוּ הָרְמָחִים לִבְשׁוּ הַסִּרְיֹנֹת׃

5  Why do I see them dismayed, Yielding ground? Their fighters are crushed, They flee in haste And do not turn back— Terror all around! —declares Hashem.

v’-a-TAH t’-va-KESH l’-KHA g’-do-LOT al t’-va-KESH kee hi-n’-NEE may-VEE al kol ba-SAR n’-UM a-do-NAI v’-na-ta-TEE l’-KHA et naf-sh’-KHA l’-sha-LAL al kol ha-m’-ko-MOT a-SHER TAY-lekh sham

ה  מַדּוּעַ רָאִיתִי הֵמָּה חַתִּים נְסֹגִים אָחוֹר וְגִבּוֹרֵיהֶם יֻכַּתּוּ וּמָנוֹס נָסוּ וְלֹא הִפְנוּ מָגוֹר מִסָּבִיב נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

45:5   And do you expect great things for yourself?

In the midst of the calamity, Yirmiyahu rebukes his closest student, Baruch son of Nerya, for being concerned about his personal welfare at a time of national crisis. Some suggest that as his grandfather was Maasayahu, governor of Yerushalayim during Yoshiyahu’s reign (II Chronicles 34:8), Baruch also hoped for high office, only to see his aspirations dissipate. Rashi, however attributes a higher motivation to Baruch: He was hoping, like great students of prophets before him, such as Yehoshua and Elisha, to receive the gift of prophecy. However, Yirmiyahu reminds his student, at a time when the people are suffering, personal goals – even spiritual ones – must be set aside.Comment

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Jeremiah 45

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