1 Now it came to pass in the seventh month, that Yishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, and one of the chief officers of the king, and ten men with him, came unto Gedaliah the son of Achikam to Mizpah; and there they did eat bread together in Mizpah.
2 Then arose Yishmael the son of Nethaniah, and the ten men that were with him, and smote Gedaliah the son of Achikam the son of Shafan with the sword, and slew him, whom the king of Bavel had made governor over the land.
41:2 And smote Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan with the sword Gedaliah son of Ahikam is appointed governor of Judah by the Babylonians after the destruction of Jerusalem. A small band of Jewish fanatics, led by Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, take advantage of Gedaliah’s hospitality to assassinate him on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish new year. As a result, the few Jews remaining in Israel flee to Egypt to avoid the vengeance of the Babylonian army, ridding the Holy Land of a Jewish presence for the remainder of the Babylonian exile. Since then, for over two thousand years, Jews have fasted to commemorate Gedaliah’s death on the day after Rosh Hashana, to remind them how hatred and zealousness cost them their sovereignty in the Land of Israel. It is through love and kindness that the Jews will return to the Land and the Temple be rebuilt.
4 And it came to pass the second day after he had slain Gedaliah, and no man knew it,
ד וַיְהִי בַּיּוֹם הַשֵּׁנִי לְהָמִי אֶת גְּדַלְיָהוּ וְאִישׁ לֹא יָדָע.
5 that there came certain men from Sh’ chem, from Shilo, and from Shomron, even fourscore men, having their beards shaven and their clothes rent, and having cut themselves, with meal-offerings and frankincense in their hand to bring them to the house of Hashem.
ה וַיָּבֹאוּ אֲנָשִׁים מִשְּׁכֶם מִשִּׁלוֹ וּמִשֹּׁמְרוֹן שְׁמֹנִים אִישׁ מְגֻלְּחֵי זָקָן וּקְרֻעֵי בְגָדִים וּמִתְגֹּדְדִים וּמִנְחָה וּלְבוֹנָה בְּיָדָם לְהָבִיא בֵּית יְהוָה.
7 And it was so, when they came into the midst of the city, that Yishmael the son of Nethaniah slew them, and cast them into the midst of the pit, he, and the men that were with him.
ז וַיְהִי כְּבוֹאָם אֶל תּוֹךְ הָעִיר וַיִּשְׁחָטֵם יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן נְתַנְיָה אֶל תּוֹךְ הַבּוֹר הוּא וְהָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ.
8 But ten men were found among them that said unto Yishmael: ‘Slay us not; for we have stores hidden in the field, of wheat, and of barley, and of oil, and of honey.’ So he forbore, and slew them not among their brethren.
9 Now the pit wherein Yishmael cast all the dead bodies of the men whom he had slain by the side of Gedaliah was that which Asa the king had made for fear of Baasa king of Yisrael; the same Yishmael the son of Nethaniah filled with them that were slain.
10 Then Yishmael carried away captive all the residue of the people that were in Mizpah, even the king’s daughters, and all the people that remained in Mizpah, whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had committed to Gedaliah the son of Achikam; Yishmael the son of Nethaniah carried them away captive, and departed to go over to the children of Amon.
יב וַיִּקְחוּ אֶת כָּל הָאֲנָשִׁים וַיֵּלְכוּ לְהִלָּחֵם עִם יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן נְתַנְיָה וַיִּמְצְאוּ אֹתוֹ אֶל מַיִם רַבִּים אֲשֶׁר בְּגִבְעוֹן.
16 Then took Yochanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Yishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after that he had slain Gedaliah the son of Achikam, the men, even the men of war, and the women, and the children, and the officers, whom he had brought back from Givon;
17 and they departed, and dwelt in Geruth Chimham, which is by Beit Lekhem, to go to enter into Mitzrayim,