Jeremiah 38
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1  In the ninth year of King Tzidkiyahu of Yehuda, in the tenth month, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon moved against Yerushalayim with his whole army, and they laid siege to it.

א  בַּשָּׁנָה הַתְּשִׁעִית לְצִדְקִיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָעֲשִׂרִי בָּא נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל וְכָל־חֵילוֹ אֶל־יְרוּשָׁלִַם וַיָּצֻרוּ עָלֶיהָ׃

2  And in the eleventh year of Tzidkiyahu, on the ninth day of the fourth month, the [walls of] the city were breached.

ב  בְּעַשְׁתֵּי־עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה לְצִדְקִיָּהוּ בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָרְבִיעִי בְּתִשְׁעָה לַחֹדֶשׁ הָבְקְעָה הָעִיר׃

3  All the officers of the king of Babylon entered, and took up quarters at the middle gate—Nergal-sarezer, Samgar-nebo, Sarsechim the Rab-saris, Nergal-sarezer the Rab-mag, and all the rest of the officers of the king of Babylon.

ג  וַיָּבֹאוּ כֹּל שָׂרֵי מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בְּשַׁעַר הַתָּוֶךְ נֵרְגַל שַׂר־אֶצֶר סַמְגַּר־נְבוּ שַׂר־סְכִים רַב־סָרִיס נֵרְגַל שַׂר־אֶצֶר רַב־מָג וְכָל־שְׁאֵרִית שָׂרֵי מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל׃

4  When King Tzidkiyahu of Yehuda saw them, he and all the soldiers fled. They left the city at night, by way of the king’s garden, through the gate between the double walls; and he set out toward the Arabah.

ד  וַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר רָאָם צִדְקִיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה וְכֹל אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה וַיִּבְרְחוּ וַיֵּצְאוּ לַיְלָה מִן־הָעִיר דֶּרֶךְ גַּן הַמֶּלֶךְ בְּשַׁעַר בֵּין הַחֹמֹתָיִם וַיֵּצֵא דֶּרֶךְ הָעֲרָבָה׃

5  But the Chaldean troops pursued them, and they overtook Tzidkiyahu in the steppes of Yericho. They captured him and brought him before King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon at Riblah in the region of Hamath; and he put him on trial.

va-yir-d’-FU khayl kas-DEEM a-kha-ray-HEM va-ya-SEE-gu et tzid-ki-YA-hu b’-ar-VOT y’-ray-KHO va-yik-KHU o-TO va-ya-a-LU-hu el n’-vu-khad-RE-tzar me-lekh ba-VEL riv-LA-tah b’-E-retz kha-MAT vai-da-BAYR i-TO mish-pa-TEEM

ה  וַיִּרְדְּפוּ חֵיל־כַּשְׂדִּים אַחֲרֵיהֶם וַיַּשִּׂגוּ אֶת־צִדְקִיָּהוּ בְּעַרְבוֹת יְרֵחוֹ וַיִּקְחוּ אֹתוֹ וַיַּעֲלֻהוּ אֶל־נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל רִבְלָתָה בְּאֶרֶץ חֲמָת וַיְדַבֵּר אִתּוֹ מִשְׁפָּטִים׃

38:5   The king cannot oppose you in anything

Among the tragedies of Israel’s downfall is the reign of the final king of David’s dynasty, Tzidkiyahu. Unlike his predecessors who were genuinely wicked, Tzidkiyahu is good at heart, as suggested by his name Tzidkiyahu, which comes from the word tzedek (צדק), ‘righteousness.’ He secretly tries to support Yirmiyahu (see Jeremiah 37:21) and repeatedly inquires of the word of Hashem (21:2; 37:17; 38:14). However, Tzidkiyahu does not heed Yirmiyahu’s plea to submit to Babylonia, as he is weak and unable to oppose his officers. They desire to kill Yirmiyahu for preaching against Israel, and argue that his words weaken the resolve of the people to keep fighting. By listening to his officers instead of the prophet, his fate and that of the people are sealed. Had Tzidkiyahu repented and led the people to follow God’s word, they would have been able to avert the disaster and remain in Israel, God’s Land.Comment

6  The king of Babylon had Tzidkiyahu’s children slaughtered at Riblah before his eyes; the king of Babylon had all the nobles of Yehuda slaughtered.

ו  וַיִּשְׁחַט מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל אֶת־בְּנֵי צִדְקִיָּהוּ בְּרִבְלָה לְעֵינָיו וְאֵת כָּל־חֹרֵי יְהוּדָה שָׁחַט מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל׃

7  Then the eyes of Tzidkiyahu were put out and he was chained in bronze fetters, that he might be brought to Babylon.

ז  וְאֶת־עֵינֵי צִדְקִיָּהוּ עִוֵּר וַיַּאַסְרֵהוּ בַּנְחֻשְׁתַּיִם לָבִיא אֹתוֹ בָּבֶלָה׃

8  The Chaldeans burned down the king’s palace and the houses of the people by fire, and they tore down the walls of Yerushalayim.

ח  וְאֶת־בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת־בֵּית הָעָם שָׂרְפוּ הַכַּשְׂדִּים בָּאֵשׁ וְאֶת־חֹמוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם נָתָצוּ׃

9  The remnant of the people that was left in the city, and the defectors who had gone over to him—the remnant of the people that was left—were exiled by Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, to Babylon.

ט  וְאֵת יֶתֶר הָעָם הַנִּשְׁאָרִים בָּעִיר וְאֶת־הַנֹּפְלִים אֲשֶׁר נָפְלוּ עָלָיו וְאֵת יֶתֶר הָעָם הַנִּשְׁאָרִים הֶגְלָה נְבוּזַר־אֲדָן רַב־טַבָּחִים בָּבֶל׃

10  But some of the poorest people who owned nothing were left in the land of Yehuda by Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, and he gave them vineyards and fields at that time.

י  וּמִן־הָעָם הַדַּלִּים אֲשֶׁר אֵין־לָהֶם מְאוּמָה הִשְׁאִיר נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב־טַבָּחִים בְּאֶרֶץ יְהוּדָה וַיִּתֵּן לָהֶם כְּרָמִים וִיגֵבִים בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא׃

11  King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon had given orders to Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, concerning Yirmiyahu:

יא  וַיְצַו נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל עַל־יִרְמְיָהוּ בְּיַד נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב־טַבָּחִים לֵאמֹר׃

12  “Take him and look after him; do him no harm, but grant whatever he asks of you.”

יב  קָחֶנּוּ וְעֵינֶיךָ שִׂים עָלָיו וְאַל־תַּעַשׂ לוֹ מְאוּמָה רָּע כִּי אם כַּאֲשֶׁר יְדַבֵּר אֵלֶיךָ כֵּן עֲשֵׂה עִמּוֹ׃

13  So Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, and Nebushazban the Rab-saris, and Nergal-sarezer the Rab-mag, and all the commanders of the king of Babylon sent

יג  וַיִּשְׁלַח נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן רַב־טַבָּחִים וּנְבוּשַׁזְבָּן רַב־סָרִיס וְנֵרְגַל שַׂר־אֶצֶר רַב־מָג וְכֹל רַבֵּי מֶלֶךְ־בָּבֶל׃

14  and had Yirmiyahu brought from the prison compound. They committed him to the care of Gedalia son of Achikam son of Shafan, that he might be left at liberty in a house. So he dwelt among the people.

יד  וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ וַיִּקְחוּ אֶת־יִרְמְיָהוּ מֵחֲצַר הַמַּטָּרָה וַיִּתְּנוּ אֹתוֹ אֶל־גְּדַלְיָהוּ בֶּן־אֲחִיקָם בֶּן־שָׁפָן לְהוֹצִאֵהוּ אֶל־הַבָּיִת וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּתוֹךְ הָעָם׃

15  The word of Hashem had come to Yirmiyahu while he was still confined in the prison compound:

טו  וְאֶל־יִרְמְיָהוּ הָיָה דְבַר־יְהוָה בִּהְיֹתוֹ עָצוּר בַּחֲצַר הַמַּטָּרָה לֵאמֹר׃

16  Go and say to Eved Melech the Ethiopian: “Thus said God of Hosts, the God of Yisrael: I am going to fulfill My words concerning this city—for disaster, not for good—and they shall come true on that day in your presence.

טז  הָלוֹךְ וְאָמַרְתָּ לְעֶבֶד־מֶלֶךְ הַכּוּשִׁי לֵאמֹר כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הִנְנִי מבי [מֵבִיא] אֶת־דְּבָרַי אֶל־הָעִיר הַזֹּאת לְרָעָה וְלֹא לְטוֹבָה וְהָיוּ לְפָנֶיךָ בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא׃

17  But I will save you on that day—declares Hashem; you shall not be delivered into the hands of the men you dread.

יז  וְהִצַּלְתִּיךָ בַיּוֹם־הַהוּא נְאֻם־יְהוָה וְלֹא תִנָּתֵן בְּיַד הָאֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה יָגוֹר מִפְּנֵיהֶם׃

18  I will rescue you, and you shall not fall by the sword. You shall escape with your life, because you trusted Me—declares Hashem.”

 

יח  כִּי מַלֵּט אֲמַלֶּטְךָ וּבַחֶרֶב לֹא תִפֹּל וְהָיְתָה לְךָ נַפְשְׁךָ לְשָׁלָל כִּי־בָטַחְתָּ בִּי נְאֻם־יְהוָה׃

19  And Tzidkiyahu the king said unto Yirmiyahu: ‘I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen away to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.’

יט  וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ צִדְקִיָּהוּ אֶל יִרְמְיָהוּ אֲנִי דֹאֵג אֶת הַיְּהוּדִים אֲשֶׁר נָפְלואֶל הַכַּשְׂדִּים פֶּן יִתְּנוּ אֹתִי בְּיָדָם וְהִתְעַלְּלוּ בִי.

20  But Yirmiyahu said: ‘They shall not deliver thee. Hearken, I beseech thee, to the voice of Hashem, in that which I speak unto thee; so it shall be well with thee, and thy soul shall live.

כ  וַיֹּאמֶר יִרְמְיָהוּ לֹא יִתֵּנוּ שְׁמַע נָא בְּקוֹל יְהוָה לַאֲשֶׁר אֲנִי דֹּבֵר אֵלֶיךָ וְיִיטַב לְךָ וּתְחִי נַפְשֶׁךָ.

21  But if thou refuse to go forth, this is the word that Hashem hath shown me:

כא  וְאִם מָאֵן אַתָּה לָצֵאת זֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר הִרְאַנִי יְהוָה.

22  Behold, all the women that are left in the king of Yehudahs house shall be brought forth to the king of Bavels princes, and those women shall say: Thy familiar friends have set thee on, and have prevailed over thee; thy feet are sunk in the mire, and they are turned away back.

כב  וְהִנֵּה כָל הַנָּשִׁים אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁאֲרוּ בְּבֵית מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מוּצָאוֹת אֶל שָׂרֵי מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וְהֵנָּה אֹמְרֹת הִסִּיתוּךָ וְיָכְלוּ לְךָ אַנְשֵׁי שְׁלֹמֶךָ הָטְבְּעוּ בַבֹּץ רַגְלֶךָ נָסֹגוּ אָחוֹר.

23  And they shall bring out all thy wives and thy children to the Chaldeans; and thou shalt not escape out of their hand, but shalt be taken by the hand of the king of Bavel; and thou shalt cause this city to be burned with fire.’

כג  וְאֶת כָּל נָשֶׁיךָ וְאֶת בָּנֶיךָ מוֹצִאִים אֶל הַכַּשְׂדִּים וְאַתָּה לֹא תִמָּלֵט מִיָּדָם כִּי בְיַד מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל תִּתָּפֵשׂ וְאֶת הָעִיר הַזֹּאת תִּשְׂרֹף בָּאֵשׁ.

24  Then said Tzidkiyahu unto Yirmiyahu: ‘Let no man know of these words, and thou shalt not die.

כד  וַיֹּאמֶר צִדְקִיָּהוּ אֶל יִרְמְיָהוּ אִישׁ אַל יֵדַע בַּדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה וְלֹא תָמוּת.

25  But if the princes hear that I have talked with thee, and they come unto thee, and say unto thee: Declare unto us now what thou hast said unto the king; hide it not from us, and we will not put thee to death; also what the king said unto thee;

כה  וְכִי יִשְׁמְעוּ הַשָּׂרִים כִּי דִבַּרְתִּי אִתָּךְ וּבָאוּ אֵלֶיךָ וְאָמְרוּ אֵלֶיךָ הַגִּידָה נָּא לָנוּ מַה דִּבַּרְתָּ אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ אַל תְּכַחֵד מִמֶּנּוּ וְלֹא נְמִיתֶךָ וּמַה דִּבֶּר אֵלֶיךָ הַמֶּלֶךְ.

26  then thou shalt say unto them: I presented my supplication before the king, that he would not cause me to return to Yehonatans house, to die there.’

כו  וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם מַפִּיל אֲנִי תְחִנָּתִי לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ לְבִלְתִּי הֲשִׁיבֵנִי בֵּית יְהוֹנָתָן לָמוּת שָׁם.

27  Then came all the princes unto Yirmiyahu, and asked him; and he told them according to all these words that the king had commanded. So they left off speaking with him; for the matter was not reported.

כז  וַיָּבֹאוּ כָל הַשָּׂרִים אֶל יִרְמְיָהוּ וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ אֹתוֹ וַיַּגֵּד לָהֶם כְּכָל הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיַּחֲרִשׁוּ מִמֶּנּוּ כִּי לֹא נִשְׁמַע הַדָּבָר.

28  So Yirmiyahu abode in the court of the guard until the day that Yerushalayim was taken. And it came to pass, when Yerushalayim was taken–

כח  וַיֵּשֶׁב יִרְמְיָהוּ בַּחֲצַר הַמַּטָּרָה עַד יוֹם אֲשֶׁר נִלְכְּדָה יְרוּשָׁלִָם וְהָיָה כַּאֲשֶׁר נִלְכְּדָה יְרוּשָׁלִָם.

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Jeremiah 37
Jeremiah 39

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Jeremiah 38

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